Traditional polities

Rulers of Nigeria | Rulers of Region of Nigeria (1954-67) | States Rulers | Traditional polities

Note: This record is not complete, but contains the most important states. The phrase "Fulbe jihad" refers to the state-founding jihad led by `Usuman dan Fodio in the first decade of the 19th century.
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Abeokuta
1829 Abeokuta city-state founded
c.1914 ruler declared paramount ruler of Egbaland

Chiefs
1829 - 1845 Shodeke
1845 - 1846 Shomoye (1st time) (regent)
1846 - 1854 Sagbua Okukenun (regent)
Rulers (title Alake)
1854 - 1862 Okukenun (= Sagbua Okukenun)
1862 - 1868 Shomoye (2nd time) (regent)
28 Nov 1869 - 20 Dec 1877 Ademola I
1879 - 1881 Oyekan (b. ... - d. 1881)
1885 - 27 Jan 1889 Oluwajin
1891 - 1898 Oshokalu
8 Aug 1898 - 28 May 1920 Gbadebo I (b. 1854 - d. 1920)
27 Sep 1920 - 27 Dec 1962 Ladapo Samuel Ademola II (b. 1872 - d. 1962)
29 Sep 1963 - 26 Oct 1971 Adesiinan Samuel Gbadebo II (b. 1908 - d. 1971)
5 Aug 1972 - 3 Feb 2005 Samuel Oyebade Mofolorunso Lipede (b. 1915 - d. 2005)
24 Aug 2005 - Adedotun Aremu Gbadebo III (b. 1943)

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Abuja
1804 Zuba state, formally continuing the Hausa state of
Zazzau, destroyed by the Fulbe jihad (see Zaria)
1828 state renamed Abuja in honour of ruler
196. state renamed Suleja

Rulers (title Sarkin Zazzau, from 1828 also emir)
1804 - 1825 Muhammad Makau dan Ishaq Jatau (b. ... - d. 1825)
1825 - 2 Aug 1851 Jatau "Abu Ja" dan Ishaq Jatau (b. ... - d. 1851)
2 Aug 1851 - 29 Jul 1877 Abu Kwaka "Dogon Sarki" dan Ishaq
Jatau (b. ... - d. 1877)
29 Jul 1877 - Aug 1902 Ibrahim "Iyalai" "Dodon Gwari" dan
Jatau (b. ... - d. 1902)
1902 - 1917 Muhammad Gani dan Abu Kwaka
May 1917 - 3 Mar 1944 Musa Angulu dan Ibrahim (b. ... - d. 1944)
13 Mar 1944 - 1979 Sulayman Barau dan Muhammad Gani (b. ... - d. 1979)
1979 - 1993 Malam Ibrahim Dodo Musa (b. ... - d. 1993)
1993 - 10 May 1994 Malam Awwal Ibrahim (1st time) (b. 1941)
10 May 1994 - Jan 2000 Bashir Sulaiman Barau
Jan 2000 - Malam Awwal Ibrahim (2nd time) (s.a.)

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Adamawa
1809 Adamawa, a Fulbe jihad state, founded
(now partially in Cameroon)

Rulers (title Baban-Lamido)
- Ba'en dynasty -
1809 - 1847 Modibo Adama bi Ardo Hasana (b. c.1771 - d. 1848)
1847 Hamidu bi Adama (regent) (b. ... - d. c.1872)
1847 - 1872 Muhammadu Lawal bi Adama (b. c.1797 - d. 1872)
1872 - 1890 `Umaru Sanda bi Adama (b. ... - d. 1890)
1890 - 8 Sep 1901 Zubayru bi Adama (b. 18... - d. 1903)
(continuing in rebellion to 25 Feb 1903)
8 Sep 1901 - 1909 Baba Ahmadu bi Adama (b. 18... - d. 1916)
1909 - 1910 Muhammad Yarima Iya bi Sanda
1910 - 23 Aug 1924 Muhammad Abba bi Baba Ahmadu (b. ... - d. 1924)
1924 - 1928 Muhammad Bello "Mai Gari"
bi Ahmadu "Boboa" (b. ... - d. 1928)
1928 - 1946 Muhammad Mustafa bi Muhammad Abba (b. 1900 - d. 1946)
1946 - Jun 1953 Yarima Ahmadu bi Muhammad Bello
Jun 1953 - `Aliyu Mustafa bi Muhammad Mustafa

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Agaie
1822 Agaie, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs
1822 - 1832 Malam Baba dan Attahiru (b. ... - d. 1848)
(regent 1832-48)
1832 - 1857 `Abd Allahi I dan Baba (b. ... - d. 1857)
1857 - 1877 Muhammadu Dikko dan `Abd Allahi (b. ... - d. 1877)
1877 - 1900 Nuhu dan Sulaymana (b. ... - d. 1900)
1900 - 24 Jul 1919 Abu Bakar I dan `Abd Allahi (b. ... - d. 1919)
19 Aug 1919 - 1926 Abu Bakar II dan Nuhu (b. ... - d. 1926)
1926 - Apr 1935 `Abd Allahi II dan Buhari (b. ... - d. 1935)
1935 - 1953 `Aliyu dan Abi Bakar (b. ... - d. 1953)
Oct 1953 - ... Muhammadu Bello Ubandoma dan
Muhammadu
... - 19 Oct 1994 Muhammad Nkochi Attahiru (1st time)
13 Oct 2001 - Muhammad Nkochi Attahiru (2nd time)
(reinstated with retroactive effect to 6 Mar 2000)

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Akwa Akpa
... Akwa Akpa founded; known to Europeans as Duke Town
1786 independence
19 Nov 1896 - 31 Jan 1903 self-rule interrupted
1902 renamed Old Calabar in protectorate terminology

Rulers (title Edidem)
1786 - 1805 Ekpenyong Offiong Okoho
1805 - 1814 Ekpenyong Effiom Okoho Eyamba III
1814 - 1834 Effiom Edem Ekpo Effiom I Eyamba IV
1834 - 1847 Edem Ekpenyong Offiong Okoho Eyamba V
May 1849 - 4 Feb 1852 Effiom Okoho Asibong I Ekpo Minika
Apr 1852 - Aug 1858 Ededem Effiom II
Mar 1859 - 26 Aug 1872 Eyo Asibong II
1872 - 5 May 1879 Edem Asibong III Eyamba VIII
7 Apr 1880 - 19 Nov 1896 Orok Edem Eyamba IX
Rulers (title Obong)
31 Jan 1903 - 1906 Edem Effiom Edem
19.. - 19.. Asibong IV
*1956* Asibong V

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Bassamb'iri: see under Nembe.
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Bauchi
1805 Bauchi, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Rulers (title Lamido)
1805 - 1845 Ya`qubu dan Dadi (b. 1753 - d. 1845)
1845 - 1877 Ibrahima dan Ya`qubu
1877 - 1883 `Usman dan Ibrahima
1883 - 1902 `Umaru dan Salamanu
1902 Muhammadu dan Ibrahima (b. ... - d. 1902)
1903 - 1907 Hasan dan Mamudu (b. ... - d. 1907)
1907 - 1941 Ya`qubu dan `Usman (b. ... - d. 1941)
1941 - 28 Sep 1954 Ya`qubu dan `Umaru
May 1955 - 19.. Adama Jumba dan Ya`qubu
*1998 - Suleiman Tiya Adamu Jumba

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Bedde
c.1810 Bedde state founded

Rulers (title Mai Bedde)
- Gidgid dynasty -
... - ... Dugum Bugia
... - ... Dugum Akuya dan Bugia
... - 1842 Lawan Babuje dan Dugum Akuya (b. ... - d. 1842)
1842 - 1893 al-Hajji dan Babuje (b. ... - d. 1893)
1893 - 1897 Duna dan al-Hajji
1897 - 1904 Salih dan al-Hajji (b. ... - d. 1919)
Emirs
1904 - Apr 1919 Salih dan al-Hajji (s.a.)
Feb 1920 - 1941 Sulayman dan Salih
1942 - 1945 Mai `Umara dan al-Hajji (b. ... - d. 1945)
1945 - Maina `Umar dan Sulayman (b. 1919)

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Biu
1535 Biu or Viyu state founded

Rulers (title Mai Biu, also styled Kuthli)
... - ... Jakwa Birtilik
... - ... Tulama Bahara
... - ... Tayar Warinki
... - ... Dakwai
c.1740 Mari Kopchi
c.1750 Di Forma dan Mari Kopchi
c.1760 Garga Moda dan Mari Kopchi
c.1770 Dawi Moda = Di Moda dan Di Forma
c.1780 Di Biya dan Di Moda
17.. - 1783 Di Rawa dan Di Biya
1783 - 1793 Garga Kopchi dan Di Biya (b. ... - d. 1793)
1793 - 1838 Mari Watirwa dan Di Rawa (b. 17... - d. 1838)
1838 - 1873 Ari Paskur dan Mari Watirwa (b. ... - d. 1873)
1873 - 1891 Mari Biya dan Ari Paskur (b. 18... - d. 1891)
1891 - 1908 Garga Kwomting dan Mari Biya (b. 18... - d. 1908)
1908 - 1920 Ari Dogo dan Garga Kwomting (b. 1876 - d. 1935)
Emirs
1920 - 1935 Ari Dogo dan Garga Kwomting (s.a.)
1935 - 1951 Ari Gurgur dan Garga Kwomting (b. ... - d. 1951)
1951 - 1959 Muhammad `Aliyu dan Ari Dogo (b. 1907)
1959 - Maidalla Mustafa dan Muhammad
`Aliyu (b. 1915)

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Bonny: see Okolo-Ama.
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Borgu
Note: The principal Borgu polities are: Bussa, the legendary original state, and still respected as the premier Borgu state; Kaiama, an offshoot of Bussa, merged with Bussa in 1954 into a state renamed Borgu; and Nikki, rival to Bussa in antiquity, and located in modern Benin (see under Benin: Traditional polities).
Bussa
... Bussa founded in legendary remote antiquity
Apr 1915 - 19 Apr 1917 occupied by Yawuri
1954 merged with Kaiama into Borgu

Ruler (title Kibe, also styled Sarkin Bussa)
... - 1730 Kiseru Brodi
1730 - 1750 Yerima Bussa dan Kiseru Brodi
1750 - 1766 Kigera I dan Kiseru Brodi
1766 - 1791 Jibrim dan Yerima Bussa (b. ... - d. 1791)
1791 - 1792 Yerima Ibrahim dan Jibrim
1793 - 180. Kitoro Gani Zara dan Jibrim (b. ... - d. 1835)
Emir (also styled Sarkin Bussa)
180. - 1835 Kitoro Gani Zara dan Jibrim (s.a.)
1835 - 1843 Kisaru Kisan Dogo dan Jibrim
1843 - 1844 Beraki dan Jibrim
1844 - 1862 Waruko Gajere dan Maikuka (b. ... - d. 1862)
1862 - 1895 Kigera II Jibrim Dan Toro
dan Kitoro (b. ... - d. 1895)
1895 - Nov 1903 Wuru Yaro Kisaru Kisan Dogo
dan Kitoro (b. ... - d. 1903)
19 Dec 1903 - Apr 1915 Kitoro Gani Kilisha Yerima
dan Dan Toro (1st time)
19 Apr 1917 - Oc/No 1924 Jibrim dan Dan Toro
6 Nov 1924 - 21 Aug 1935 Muhammadu Kitoro Gani Kilisha
Yerima dan Dan Toro (2nd time)
29 Aug 1935 - 1954 Wuru Babaki dan Dan Toro
(from 25 Jan 1937, Muhammadu Sani) (b. ... - d. 1968)
(regent to 17 Sep 1935)

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Kaiama
... Kaiama founded as offshoot of Bussa
1954 merged with Bussa into Borgu

Ruler (title Sarkin Kaiama)
... - 1901 Mora Tsaude
Emirs
1901 - 7 Oct 1912 Mora Tsaude
1912 - Apr 1915 Jimi
1915 - 13 Feb 1917 Mashi
Apr 1917 - 1921 Yerima Kura
1921 - 1954 Khaliru Kiyaru

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Borgu
1954 Borgu formed by merger of Bussa and Kaiama

Emirs
1954 - 1968 Muhammadu Sani dan Dan Toro (s.a.)
1968 - 3 Feb 2000 Musa Muhammadu Kigera III
dan Muhammadu Sani (b. ... - d. 2000)
12 Feb 2000 - 26 Feb 2002 Isiaku Musa Jikantoro
26 Feb 2002 - Haliru Dantoro Kitoro III
dan Muhammadu Sani (b. 1938)

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Borno
c.700 Kanem state founded by Yemeni migrants,
according to chronicles
c.1380 state gradually becomes known as Borno
1901/02 two rival residences: Kukawa and Dikwa
1922 Dikwa formally recognized as a distinct state
1937 Kukawa and Dikwa reunited in a single Borno state

Rulers (title Mai, sometimes styled Sultan)
- Sefuwa dynasty -
1694 - 1711 Idris IV ibn `Ali
1711 - 1726 Dunama VI ibn `Ali
1726 - 1738 Hamdun Dunamani
1738 - 1751 Muhammad VII ibn Hamdun Erghamma
1751 - 1753 Dunama VII ibn Muhammad "Gana"
1753 - 1793 `Ali IV Dunamani `Umarni
1793 - Mar 1808 Ahmad `Alimi
Mar 1808 - 1810 Dunama VIII ibn Ahmad Lefiami
(1st time) (b. ... - d. 1820)
1810 - 1813 Muhammad VIII Nghileruma
1813 - 1820 Dunama VIII ibn Ahmad Lefiami
(2nd time) (s.a.)
1820 - 1846 Ibrahim V ibn Ahmad (b. ... - d. 1846)
1846 `Ali V ibn Ibrahim Dalatumi
"Minargoma" (b. ... - d. 1846)
Rulers (title Shehu)
- al-Kanemi dynasty -
1846 - Nov 1853 `Umar I ibn Muhammad al-Amin
(1st time) (b. ... - d. 1881)
Nov 1853 - Sep 1854 `Abd ar-Rahman ibn Muhammad
al-Amin
Sep 1854 - 1881 `Umar I ibn Muhammad al-Amin
(2nd time) (s.a.)
1881 - 1884 Abu Bakr ibn `Umar Kura (b. ... - d. 1884)
1884 Mustafa Kura ibn Muhammad al-Amin
1884 - 1885 Ibrahim ibn `Umar (b. ... - d. 1885)
1885 - 1893 Hashim ibn `Umar (b. ... - d. 1893)
1893 Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr al-Amin
Kiyari (b. ... - d. 1893)
1893 Sanda ibn Abi Bakr Limanambe
Wuduroma (b. ... - d. 1893)
- Rabih dynasty -
1893 - 22 Apr 1900 Rabih Zubayr ibn Fadl Allah (b. 184... - d. 1900)
22 Apr 1900 - 23 Aug 1901 Fadl Allah ibn Rabih (b. 18... - d. 1901)
- al-Kanemi dynasty -
at Kukawa:
1902 - Feb 1922 `Ali ibn Ibrahim Bukarmi Jarbay (b. ... - d. 1922)
1922 - 1937 `Umar II ibn Ibrahim Bukarmi (b. c.1842 - d. 1937)
at Dikwa:
1901 `Umar ibn Ibrahim Bukarmi (s.a.)
1901 - 1902 `Ali ibn Ibrahim Bukarmi Jarbay (s.a.)
1902 Mustafa Gumsumi
1902 - 1905 `Umar ibn Abi Bakr (1st time) (b. ... - d. 1917)
1904 - 1905 Aba Sanusi (in rebellion)
1905 - 1906 Ibrahim ibn Abi Bakr
1906 - 1917 `Umar ibn Abi Bakr (2nd time) (s.a.)
1917 - 1937 `Umar ibn Muhammad al-Amin Kiyari (b. 1872 - d. 1968)
Borno reunited:
1937 - Jan 1968 `Umar III ibn Muhammad al-Amin
Kiyari (s.a.)
1968 - 19.. `Umar IV ibn `Ali Bukarmi Jarbay
19.. - 19.. Mustafa ibn `Umar Sanda
*1975* `Umar V ibn Abi Bakr Jarbay
*1999 - Mustafa ibn `Umar

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Daura
... Daura founded in legendary remote antiquity
1806 dynasty displaced at Daura city (a) and split into
three lineages (b) (c) (d) ruling at other locations
(indicated below)
1906 state reunited

Rulers (title Sarkin Daura)
- Kado or Habe dynasty -
... - ... Hazo Allah Sarki
... - ... Dango
... - ... Bawan Allah
... - ... Khalifa
... - ... Tsoho dan Khalifa
... - 1798 Jirro dan Tsoho
1798 - 1806 `Abdu dan Tsoho "Sarkin Gwari" (b. ... - d. 1806)

(a) at Daura:
Rulers (title Amir Daura)
- Kuninkawa dynasty -
1806 - 1830 Malam Ishaqu ibn Malam `Isa
1830 - 1836 Yusufu ibn Malam `Isa
1836 - 1837 Muhamman Sani ibn Malam `Isa
1837 Zubayru ibn Malam Ishaqu
1837 - 1868 Muhamman Bello ibn Malam Ishaqu
1868 - 1876 Muhamman Altine ibn Muhamman Bello
1876 - 1906 Muhamman Mai Gurdo ibn Muhamman Bello
1906 Sogiji ibn Muhamman Mai Gurdo
1906 Murnay ibn Muhamman Bello
1906 Dan Kanyo (regent)
1906 Malam Bawa + Na'inkali (regents)

(b) at various locations, from 1851 at Zango:
Rulers (title Sarkin Daura)
- Kado or Habe dynasty -
1809 - 1825 `Abdu dan Tsoho "Sarkin Gwari"
1825 - 1855 Lukudi Sulaymanu dan Tsoho
1846 Muhamman Kyenkyere dan `Abdu
(in rebellion, at Kuyukuku)
1855 - 1861 Nuhu dan Lukudi
1861 - 1864 Muhamman Sha dan `Abdu
1864 - 1871 Haruna dan Lukudi
1871 - 1877 Dan Aro dan `Abdu
1877 - 1884 Tafida dan Nuhu (1st time) (b. ... - d. 1904)
1884 - 1886 Sulaymanu dan Dan Aro
1886 - 1891 Yusufu dan Lukudi
1891 - 1904 Tafida dan Nuhu (2nd time) (s.a.)
1904 - 1906 Malam Musa dan Nuhu (b. ... - d. 1911)

(c) at various locations, ultimately at Baure:
Rulers (title Sarkin Daura)
- Kado or Habe dynasty -
*1826* Dan Shufini dan Khalifa
18.. - 1847 Tsoho dan Dan Shufini
1847 - 1850 Habu dan Tsoho (1st time)
1850 - 1854 Jibo dan Tsoho (1st time)
1854 - 1859 Habu dan Tsoho (2nd time)
1859 - 1865 Jibo dan Tsoho (2nd time)
1865 - 1874 `Ali dan Tsoho (1st time)
1874 - 1887 Zakari dan Habu (1st time)
1887 - 1888 Muhamman Kalgaba dan Tsoho
1888 - 1890 `Ali dan Tsoho (2nd time)
1890 - 1894 Zakari dan Habu (2nd time)
1894 - 1903 `Abdu dan Habu
1903 - 1906 Khaliru dan Tsoho

(d) at Magaria:
183. separated from (c)
1850 reincorporated into (c)

Rulers (title Sarkin Daura)
- Kado or Habe dynasty -
... - 1840 Kitari dan Khalifa
1840 - 1850 Masallaci dan Kitari

Daura reunited:
Rulers (title Sarkin Daura, also Amir Daura)
- Kado or Habe dynasty -
1906 - 1911 Malam Musa dan Nuhu
1911 - 1966 `Abd ar-Rahman dan Musa (b. 1881 - d. 1966)
1966 - Muhammadu Bashar dan `Umaru

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Dikwa: see under Borno.
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Edo
... Igodomigodo founded and ruled by rulers styled Ogiso
c.1170 (traditional version): ruler of Oyo founds Ile Ibinu
(Benin City)
c.1470 Edo becomes name of state
9 Sep 1897 Benin City conquered by Britain and royalty suppressed
24 Jul 1914 royalty reinstated

Rulers (title Oba)
1689 - 1700 Oreoghenen
1700 - 1712 Ewuakpe
1712 - 1713 Ozuere
1713 - 1735 Akenzua I "Nisonorho"
1735 - 1750 Eresonyen
1750 - 1804 Akengbuda
1804 - 1816 Obanosa
1816 Ogbebo
1816 - 1848 Osemwede
1848 - 1888 Adolo (b. ... - d. 1888)
1888 - 9 Sep 1897 Ovonrramwen Nogbaisi (b. ... - d. 1914)
24 Jul 1914 - 2 Feb 1933 Eweka II
5 Apr 1933 - 1 Dec 1978 Akenzua II (b. 1899 - d. 1978)
23 Mar 1979 - Erediauwa (b. 1923)

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Eko: see Lagos.
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Fika
... Daniski state founded in legendary antiquity
c.1800 Daniski replaced by Fika (in the local Bole language: Pikka)

Rulers of Daniski
... - ... Aji Daka dan Mele Fusan
... - ... Langawa dan Bawa Kayi
... - ... `Usman Gana dan Mele Fusan
... - ... Mammadi Gizze dan Mama Kayi
... - ... Mele Filata dan Mama Gimsi
Rulers of Fika (title Moi Fika) (from 1924 resident at Potiskum)
c.1806 Buraima
c.1822 Adam
c.1844 Disa Siri
c.1844 - 1867 Mammadi Gaganga
1867 - 1871 Isma`ila
1871 - 1882 Mammadi Buye
1882 Aji
1882 - 1885 Mama = Muhammad
1885 - 1902 Sule
1902 - 1922 Disa = Idris (b. ... - d. 1922)
1922 - 1976 Muhammadu Gana dan Idris (b. c.1881 - d. 1976)
1976 - ... Mania Alsali dan Muhammadu
... - Muhammadu Abali

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Gobir
... Gobir traced to legendary remote antiquity in Arabia
1742 ruling at Alkalawa
1810 ruling at Tshibiri (in modern Niger)
1858 - 1905 split into lineage ruling at Tshibiri (in modern Niger)
and lineage ruling at Sabon Birni (in modern Nigeria)
c.1910 state reunited, ruling at Tshibiri (in modern Niger)
1975 ruling at Sabon Birni (in Nigeria)

Rulers (title Sarkin Gobir)
1694 - 1720 Muhammadu III dan Ciroma
1720 - 17.. Baciri VI
17.. - 17.. Muhamman Mai Gici
17.. - 17.. Akali
17.. - 17.. Arkal III
17.. - 17.. Muhammadu IV
17.. - 17.. Soba dan Muhamman Mai Gici
17.. - 1742 Uban Iche dan Muhamman Mai Gici
1742 - 1770 Babari dan Uban Iche
1770 - 1777 Dan Gudi dan Babari
1777 Gambai
1777 - 1795 Baba Jan Gwarzo dan Babari (b. ... - d. 1795)
1795 - 1801 Ya`quba dan Babari (b. ... - d. 1801)
1801 - 1803 Muhamman Bunu Nafata dan Babari
1803 - 1808 Yunfa dan Nafata (b. ... - d. 1808)
1810 - 1814 Salihu dan Ya`quba
1814 - 1816 Gwamki dan Kura Gado
1816 - 1835 `Ali dan Ya`quba
1835 Jibon Tauba dan Ya`quba
1835 - 1836 Baciri VII dan Ya`quba
1836 - 1858 Mayaki dan Ya`quba
at Tshibiri:
1858 - 1883 Bawa dan Gwamki
1883 - 1886 Ibrahimu dan `Ali (1st time)
(ruling at Sabon Birni under the name Kasso)
1886 - 1889 Maynassara Maji dan `Ali (1st time)
1889 - 1890 Almu dan Mayaki (1st time)
1890 Ibrahimu dan `Ali (2nd time)
1890 - 1894 Maynassara Maji dan `Ali (2nd time)
1894 - 1897 Almu dan Mayaki (2nd time)
1897 - Apr 1898 Ibrahima Na Mai Fura dan Bawa
1898 - Jan 1899 Bakon Dare dan `Ali
1899 - 1904 `Umaru Dacili dan Mayaki (1st time)
1904 Almu dan Mayaki (3rd time)
1904 - 1905 `Umaru Dacili dan Mayaki (2nd time)
1905 - c.1910 Almu dan Mayaki (4th time)
at Sabon Birni:
1860 - 1889 Dan Halima
1889 Ishaqa
1889 - 1890 Gaude dan Baciri
1890 - 1897 Kasso
(ruling at Tshibiri under the name Ibrahimu dan `Ali)
1897 - 1899 Muhammadu Ishaqa dan `Ali
1899 Muhamman Natawa
1899 - 1903 Belarabe dan Ibrahimu
1905 - 19.. `Umaru Jari
19.. - 19.. Jadi
19.. - c.1910 `Umaru Shawe
Gobir reunited:
c.1910 - 9 Sep 1911 Almu dan Mayaki
1911 - 14 Nov 1912 Bature dan Ibrahimu
1912 - 19.. Belarabe dan Ibrahimu
19.. - 19.. Dan Bude
19.. - 19.. Dan Magaji
19.. - 19.. Tumbulki
19.. - 19.. Mahaman dan Gulbi
19.. - 19.. Salau
19.. - 1939 Kunto
1939 - 1963 Labo Salau
1963 - 1975 Agada Nagogo
1975 - Muhammadu Bawa

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Gombe
1804 Gombe, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Rulers (title Modibo Gombe)
1804 - 1841 Abu Bakar "Buba Yero" dan
`Usuman Subande (b. c.1762 - d. 1841)
Emirs
1841 - 1844 Sulaymanu dan Abi Bakar (b. ... - d. 1844)
1844 - 1882 Muhammadu Kwairanga dan Abi Bakar (b. ... - d. 1882)
1882 - 1888 `Abd al-Qadiri Zaylani dan
Muhammadu (b. ... - d. 1888)
1888 - 1895 Hasan dan Muhammadu (b. ... - d. 1895)
1895 - 1898 Tukur dan Muhammadu (b. ... - d. 1898)
1898 Jalo dan Muhammadu
1898 - 1922 `Umaru dan Muhammadu (b. 18... - d. 1922)
1922 - 1935 Haruna dan `Umaru (b. ... - d. 1935)
Jan 1936 - 19.. Abu Bakar dan `Umaru (b. 1902)
19.. - `Usuman Shehu dan Abu Bakar

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Gumel
1749 Gumel state founded

Emirs
1749 - 1754 Dan Juma I dan Musa
1754 - 1760 Adamu Karro dan Digadiga Karro (b. ... - d. 1760)
1760 - 1777 Dan Juma II dan Digadiga Karro
1777 - 1804 Maikota dan Adam Karro (b. ... - d. 1804)
1804 - 1811 Kalgo dan Maikota (b. ... - d. 1811)
1811 - 1828 Dan Auwa dan Maikota (b. ... - d. 1828)
1828 - 1851 Muhamman Dan Tanoma dan Maikota (b. ... - d. 1851)
1851 - 1853 Ceri dan Muhamman Dan Tanoma
(1st time)
1853 - 1855 Muhamman Atu dan Dan Auwa
1855 - 1861 Ceri dan Muhamman Dan Tanoma
(2nd time)
1861 - 1872 `Abd Allahi dan Muhamman Dan
Tanoma (b. ... - d. 1872)
1872 - 1896 Abu Bakar dan Muhamman Dan Tanoma (b. ... - d. 1896)
1896 - 1915 Ahmadu dan Abi Bakar
1915 - 1944 Muhamman na Kota dan Ahmadu (b. ... - d. 1944)
May 1944 - 1981 Maina Muhamman dan Muhamman na
Kota (b. 1912)
1981 - Ahmad Muhammad Sani dan Maina
Muhamman

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Gwandu
1817 Gwandu, a major Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs
1817 - 1828 `Abd Allahi dan Muhammadu Fodio (b. 1756 - d. 1828)
1828 - 1833 Muhamman Wani dan `Abd Allahi (b. ... - d. 1833)
1833 - 1858 Khalilu dan `Abd Allahi (b. ... - d. 1858)
1858 - 1860 Khaliru I dan `Abd Allahi (b. ... - d. 1860)
1860 - 1864 `Aliyu dan `Abd Allahi (b. ... - d. 1864)
1864 - 1868 `Abd al-Qadiri dan `Abd Allahi (b. ... - d. 1868)
1868 - 1875 Mustafa dan Muhamman (b. ... - d. 1875)
1875 - 1876 Hanafi dan Khalilu (b. ... - d. 1876)
1876 - 1888 Maliki dan Muhamman (b. ... - d. 1888)
1888 - 1897 `Umaru Bakatara dan Khalilu (b. 18... - d. 1897)
1897 - 1898 `Abd Allahi Bayaro dan Muhamman (b. 18... - d. 1898)
1898 - May 1903 Bayaro `Aliyu dan `Aliyu (b. 18... - d. 1903)
May 1903 - Mar 1906 Muhammadu dan `Aliyu
Mar 1906 - Mar 1915 Khaliru II dan `Abd al-Qadiri (b. ... - d. 1915)
Mar 1915 - Jan 1918 Muhammadu Bashiru dan Khaliru (b. ... - d. 1918)
Jan 1918 - 1938 `Usman dan Khaliru (b. ... - d. 1938)
1938 - 12 Jan 1954 Yahaya dan Khaliru (b. ... - d. 1954)
13 Jan 1954 - 19.. Muhammadu Haruna dan Muhammadu
Bashiru (b. 1913)
*1997 - Mustafa Haruna Jokolo dan
Muhammadu Haruna

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Hadejia
c.1100 Biram state founded
1805 Hadejia, a Fulbe jihad state, replaces Biram

Rulers (title Sarkin Biram)
c.1700 Kankarau
... - ... Asawa
... - ... Muhamman Bako
... - ... Kawu
... - ... Barwa
... - 1805 Abu Bakar
1805 Musa II
Rulers (title Sarkin Hadejia, from 1808 also styled emir)
1805 - 1808 `Umaru I dan Ardo `Abdua
1808 Muhamman Kankiya dan `Umaru (b. ... - d. 1808)
1808 - 1845 Sambo Digimsa dan Ardo `Abdua
(1st time) (b. ... - d. 1848)
1845 - 1847 Garko Gambo dan Sambo Digimsa (b. ... - d. 1847)
1847 - 1848 `Abd al-Qadiri I dan Sambo Digimsa (b. ... - d. 1848)
1848 Sambo Digimsa dan Ardo `Abdua
(2nd time) (s.a.)
1848 - 1850 Buhari dan Sambo Digimsa
(1st time) (b. ... - d. 1863)
1850 - 1851 Ahmadu dan Sambo Digimsa (b. ... - d. 1851)
1851 - 1863 Buhari dan Sambo Digimsa
(2nd time) (s.a.)
1863 - 1865 `Umaru II dan Buhari
1865 - 1885 Haruna I dan Sambo Digimsa (b. ... - d. 1885)
1885 - Apr 1906 Muhammadu dan Haruna (b. 18... - d. 1906)
1906 - 1909 Haruna II dan Muhammadu (b. 18... - d. 1909)
1909 - 1925 `Abd al-Qadiri dan Haruna (b. ... - d. 1925)
1925 - 1950 `Usman dan Haruna (b. ... - d. 1950)
Jun 1950 - 1985 Haruna III dan `Abd al-Qadiri (b. ... - d. 1985)
1985 - 11 Sep 2002 Abubakar Maje Haruna (b. ... - d. 2002)
14 Sep 2002 - Adamu Abubakar Maje

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Ibadan
29 Oct 1936 Ibadan city-state independent from Oyo

Rulers (title Olubadan)
29 Oct 1936 - 1945 Okunola Abasi
194. - Feb 1955 Igbintade
Feb 1955 Akinyo (illegally installed)
17 Feb 1955 - May 1964 Isaac Babalola Akinyele
1964 - 19.. Aminu
19.. - Jul 1977 Adebimipe
Aug 1977 - 1981 Daniel Tayo Akinbiiyii
1981 - 26 Dec 1993 Yesufu Oloyede Asanike II (b. ... - d. 1993)
Jan 1994 - 1996* Emmanuel A. Adeyemo
*2000 - Yinusa Ogundipe Arapasowu I

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Idah: see Igala.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Idoani
... Idoani state founded
1899 annexed by the Niger Company, later incorporated into
Nigeria protectorate

Rulers (title Alani, also styled Oba)
... - ... Ani
... - ... Eware
... - ... Kosese
... - ... Kogbowo
... - ... Atariponasako
... - ... Mimi-Lanjobi
... - ... Ani-Onisu
... - ... Ajibuwa
... - ... Ajirotutu
... - ... Agunloko
... - ... Ajimokunola
... - ... Okinbaloye
... - ... Obasunloye
... - ... Akingbuda
... - ... Atorrungbuwa
*1850 - 1899* Atumwase
... - 1921 Adesunloye Atewogboye
1921 - 1958 Falade I
1958 - Akingboye Falade II

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Idoma
c.19.. Idoma polity organized under an Och'Idoma

Rulers (title Och'Idoma)
Mar 1960 - 19.. Abraham Ajene Okpabi
*1998 - Elias Ikoyi Obekpa

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Igala
bf.1700 Igala state founded (also known as Idah)

Rulers (title Ata)
... - ... Abutu Eje
... - ... Ebelejonu (f)
... - ... Agenapoje
... - ... Idoko
... - ... Ayagba om Idoko
... - ... Akumabi om Ayagba = Onu
... - ... Akogu om Ayagba
... - ... Ocoli om Ayagba = Ohiemi Obogo
... - ... Agada Elame om Ayagba
... - ... Amaco om Akumabi
... - ... Itodo Aduga om Akumabi
... - ... Ogala om Akogu
... - ... Idoko Adegbe om Ocoli
... - ... Onuce om Amaco
... - 1835 Ekalaga om Ogala
1835 - 1856 Amoceje om Itodo
1856 - 1870 Odiba om Idoko
1870 - 1876 Okoliko om Onuce
1876 - 1900 Amaga om Ekalaga
1900 - 1903 Oceje Onokpa om Amoceje
1905 - 1911 Ame Oboni om Odiba
1911 - 1919 Oguce Akpa om Okoliko
1919 - 1926 Atabo om Amaga
1926 - 1945 Obaje om Oceje
1945 - 23 Jun 1956 `Umaru Ame Akpoli om Oboni
20 Oct 1956 - Aliyu om Obaje

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Igbirra
... Igbirra state founded

Ruler (title Ata)
15 Nov 1917 - 7 Jul 1954 Ibrahima
Ruler (title Ohinoyi)
1954 - Muhamman Sani Omolori

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ijaye
1836 Ijaye separated from Oyo
1861 Ijaye reincorporated into Oyo (in later
independent Ibadan)

Ruler (title Oba)
1836 - 1861 Kurunmi

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ijebu
bf.1400 Ijebu state founded

Rulers (title Awujale)
1885 - 18.. Towasi
*1896* Ogbagba I
*1926* Falabade
... - 1933 Ali Ogunaike
Sep 1933 - 1959 Daniel Adesanya Gbelegbuwa II
1959 - Sikiru Adetonwa Ogbagba II

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ijebu-Remo
1937 this vassal of Ijebu is made a separate "native authority"

Rulers (title Akarigbo)
... - 1952 Erinwole I Awolesi
25 Apr 1952 - 1989 Erinwole II Moses Sowemimo Awolesi (b. ... - d. 1989)
14 Jul 1990 - Michael Adeniyi Sonariwo
Erinjugbo II

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ijesa: see Ilesa.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ile Ife
bf.1500 Ile Ife, the notional Yoruba "spiritual" centre, founded

Rulers (title Ooni Ife)
... - ... Odunle Akinmoyero
... - ... Gbanlare
... - ... Gbegbaje
... - ... Winmolaje
... - 1849 Adegunle Abeweela "gbegi-gbegi"
1849 - 1878 Degbin Kumbusu
1878 - 1881 Orayigba Ayikiti "Ojaja"
1881 - 1894 Aderin Ologbenla (in exile)
1894 - 1910 Adelekan Olubuse I
1910 - 1930 Ademiluyi Ajagun
25 Sep 1930 - 7 Jul 1980 Titus Martins Adesoji Tadeniawo
Aderemi I (b. 1889 - d. 1980)
Nov 1980 - Okunade Adele Sijuwade Olubuse II (b. 1930)

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Ilesa
c.1500 Ilesa state founded (also known as Ijesa)

Rulers (title Owa, in full Owa Obokan Adimula)
... - 17.. Bilagbayo
17.. - ... Ori Abejoye
... - ... Bilajagodo "Arijelesin"
... - ... Bilatutu "Otutu bi Osin"
... - ... Bilasa "Asa abodofunfun"
c.1800 Akesan
... - 1807 Bilajara
1807 - 1813 Ogbagba
1813 - 1828 Obara "Bilajila"
1828 - 1833 Odundun
1833 - 1839 Gbegbaaje
1839 Ariyasunle (1st time) (regent)
1839 - 1853 Ofokutu
1853 Ariyasunle (2nd time) (regent)
1853 - 1867 Ponlose
1867 - 1869 Alobe
1869 - 4 Jun 1870 Agunlejika I
4 Jun 1870 - 1871 vacant
1871 - 1873 Oweweniye (1st time)
1873 vacant
1873 - 1875 Oweweniye (2nd time)
1875 - Sep 1892 Adimula Agunloye-bi-Oyinbo "Bepolonun"
Mar 1893 - Nov 1894 Lowolodu
Nov 1894 - Apr 1896 vacant
Apr 1896 - Sep 1901 Ajimoko I
1901 - 1920 Ataiyero
1920 - 1942 Aromolaran I
1942 - 10 Sep 1942 ... (regent)
10 Sep 1942 - 18 Oct 1956 Ajimoko II "Fidipote"
18 Oct 1956 - 1957 J.E. Awodiya (regent)
1957 - Jul 1963 Biladu III "Fiwajoye"
Jul 1963 - 1966 ... (regent)
1966 - 19.. Agunlejika II
*1982 - Oba Gabriel Adekunle Aromolaran II

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Ilorin
1817 Ilorin state separated from Oyo by rebellious commander

Ruler (title Oba)
1817 - 1831 Afonja (b. ... - d. 1831)
Rulers (title Sarkin Ilorin, also styled emir)
1831 - 1842 `Abdusalami dan Salih `Alimi (b. ... - d. 1842)
1842 - 1860 Shi'ta dan Salih `Alimi (b. ... - d. 1860)
1860 - 1868 Zubayro dan `Abdusalami (b. ... - d. 1868)
1868 - 1891 Shi'ta `Aliyu dan Shi'ta (b. c.1845 - d. 1891)
1891 - 1896 Moma dan Zubayru (b. ... - d. 1896)
1896 - 14 Jan 1915 Sulaymanu dan `Aliyu (b. 18... - d. 1915)
1915 - Nov 1919 Shu`aybu Bawa dan Zubayru (b. 18... - d. 1919)
17 Feb 1920 - Jun 1959 `Abd al-Qadiri dan Shu`aybu (b. 1887 - d. 1959)
30 Jun 1959 - 1991 Zulkarnayni Gambari dan Muhammadu
Laofe "Aiyelabowo V"
1992 - Aug 1994 Malam dan `Abd al-Qadiri
1995 - Ibrahim Kolapo Gambari (later
Ibrahim Sulu Gambari)

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Itsekiri: see Warri.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Jama`are
1811 Jama`are, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs
1811 - 1824 Muhammadu Wabi I dan Ardo Sale (b. ... - d. 1824)
1824 - 1854 Sambolei dan Ardo Sale (b. ... - d. 1854)
1854 - 1862 Muhammadu Maude dan Sambolei (b. ... - d. 1862)
1862 - 1886 Muhammadu Sambo dan Muhammadu Wabi (b. ... - d. 1886)
1886 - 11 Jan 1918 Muhammadu Wabi II dan Muhammadu
Sambo (b. ... - d. 1918)
4 Mar 1918 - 1928 Muhammadu Goje dan Muhammadu Wabi (b. ... - d. 1928)
1928 - 1975 Muhammadu Wabi III dan Muhammadu
Goje (b. 1900 - d. 1975)
1975 - Muhammadu Wabi IV dan Muhammadu
Wabi

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Jema`a
1810 Jema`an Darroro, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs
1810 - 1833 Malam `Usman (b. ... - d. 1833)
1833 - 1837 `Abd Allahi dan `Usman (b. ... - d. 1837)
1837 `Abd ar-Rahman (1st time) (regent)
1837 - 1846 Musa dan `Usman (1st time)
1846 - 1849 `Abd ar-Rahman (2nd time) (regent)
1849 - 1850 Musa dan `Usman (2nd time)
1850 - 1869 Adamu dan `Usman (1st time)
1869 - 1881 Muhammadu Adda dan `Usman
(1st time)
1881 - 1885 Adamu dan `Usman (2nd time)
1885 - 1888 Muhammadu Adda dan `Usman
(2nd time)
1888 - 1911 `Abd Allahi dan `Abd ar-Rahman (b. 18... - d. 1911)
1911 - 1915 Muhammadu dan `Abd Allahi (b. 18... - d. 1915)
1915 - Nov 1926 `Abd Allahi dan `Abd Allahi (b. ... - d. 1926)
Mar 1927 - 1960 Muhammadu dan Muhammadu (b. 1872 - d. 1960)
1960 - 1961 Twelve Elders (regents)
1961 - Nov 1998 Isa dan Muhammadu (b. ... - d. 1998)
May 1999 - Muhammadu dan Isa (b. 1970?)

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Jos
19.. Jos polity organized under a chief

Chiefs (title Gbong Gwon)
*1956* Rwang Pam
1970 - Fom Bot

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Jukun: see Wukari.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Kabi: see Kebbi.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Kaiama: see under Borgu.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Kalabari
c.1600 Kalabari city-state founded
c.1900 named New Calabar in protectorate terminology

Rulers (title Amanyanabo)
*1720* Igonibo
17.. - 17.. Ngbesa
17.. - 17.. Omuye
17.. - 17.. Bokoye
17.. - 1750 Daba
1750 - 1770 Kalagba
1770 - 1790 Amakiri I
1790 - ... Amakiri II
... - Apr 1863 Amakiri III
Apr 1863 - 1900 Amakiri IV = Abbe Princewill
1900 - 1918 Amakiri V = Charlie Keini
1919 - 1929 Amakiri VI = Willie Keini
1932 - 1960 Amakiri VII = Obenibo J.T. Princewill
1960 - 1972 Amakiri VIII = Frederick Princewill
1972 - 1975 Amakiri IX = Cottone Keini
1975 - 7 Jun 1998 Amakiri X = Abbiye Suku
7 Jun 1998 - vacant

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Kano
998 Kano state re-founded
Mar 1807 Kano as a Fulbe jihad state replaces the old
(Hausa) Kano state

Rulers (title Sarkin Kano)
1670 - May 1702 Muhamman Dadi dan Bawa
May 1702 - Jul 1730 Muhamman Sharefa dan Muhamman Dadi
Jul 1730 - Feb 1743 Muhamman Kumbari dan Muhamman
Sharefa
Feb 1743 - May 1753 Kabe dan Muhamman Kumbari
May 1753 - May 1768 Muhamman Yaji II ibn Muhamman Dadi
May 1768 - Feb 1776 Babba Zaki dan Muhamman Yaji
Feb 1776 - Dec 1780 Da'uda Abasama II dan Muhamman
Yaji
Dec 1781 - Mar 1807 Muhamman Alwali dan Muhamman Yaji (b. ... - d. 1807)
Rulers (title Sarkin Kano, also styled emir)
- Modibawa dynasty -
Mar 1807 - 22 Aug 1819 Sulaymanu dan Abahama (b. ... - d. 1819)
- Sulibawa dynasty -
21 Sep 1819 - 9 Feb 1846 Ibrahim Dabo dan Muhamman "Cigari" (b. ... - d. 1846)
Mar 1846 - 26 Aug 1855 `Uthman I dan Ibrahim Dabo
"Ma-je-Ringim" (b. ... - d. 1855)
16 Sep 1855 - 8 Sep 1882 `Abd Allahi dan Ibrahim Dabo
"Sarkin Yanka" (b. ... - d. 1882)
Sep 1882 - 25 Nov 1893 Muhamman Bello dan Ibrahim Dabo (b. ... - d. 1893)
Dec 1893 - 16 Mar 1895 Muhamman Tukur dan Muhamman Bello (b. ... - d. 1895)
16 Mar 1895 - Apr 1903 `Aliyu Baba dan `Abd Allahi (b. 18... - d. 1926)
(in rebellion from 19 Aug 1894)
3 Apr 1903 - 1 May 1919 Muhammadu `Abbas dan `Abd Allahi (b. 18... - d. 1919)
1919 - 1926 `Uthman II dan `Abd Allahi (b. 18... - d. 1926)
1926 - 25 Dec 1953 `Abd Allahi Bayaro dan Muhammadu
`Abbas (b. 1883 - d. 1953)
1 Jan 1954 - 1963 Muhammadu Sanusi dan `Abd Allahi
Bayaro (b. 1905)
1963 - 8 Oct 1963 Muhammadu Inuwa `Abbas dan
Muhammadu `Abbas (b. 1901 - d. 1963)
12 Oct 1963 - Ado Bayaro dan `Abd Allahi Bayaro (b. 1930)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Katagum
1807 Katagum, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Rulers (title Sarkin Katagum, also styled emir)
1807 - 1814 Malam Ibrahim Zakiyu al-Kalbi
dan Muhammadu Lawan (b. ... - d. 1814)
1814 - 1816 Sulaymanu dan Muhammadu Lawan
"Liman Adandaya"
1816 - 1846 Muhammadu Dan Kauwa dan Muhammadu
Bunni (b. ... - d. 1846)
1846 - 1851 `Abd ar-Rahman dan Ibrahim Zakiyu
al-Kalbi (b. ... - d. 1851)
1851 - 1868 `Abd al-Qadiri I dan Muhammadu
Dan Kauwa (b. ... - d. 1868)
1868 - 1896 Muhamman Hajji dan Muhammadu
Dan Kauwa (b. ... - d. 1896)
1896 - May 1905 `Abd al-Qadiri II dan Muhamman
Hajji (b. 18... - d. 1905)
1905 - 1909 Muhammadu dan `Abd al-Qadiri (b. ... - d. 1909)
1909 - 1947 `Abd al-Qadiri III dan Muhammadu (b. ... - d. 1947)
1947 - ... `Umaru Faruqu dan `Abd al-Qadiri
*2001 - Muhammadu Kabir `Umar

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Katsina
c.1100 Katsina state founded
1805 Katsina as a Fulbe jihad state replaces the old
(Hausa) Katsina state

Rulers (title Sarkin Katsina)
1684 - 1701 Muhammad Toya Rero II
1701 - 1704 Muhammad Wari II Yanka Dari
1704 - 1706 Uban Yari Muhammad dan Wari
1706 - 1715 Karya Giwa II
1715 - 1728 Jan Hazo III Bakki dan Muhammad Wari
1728 - 1740 Tsagarana Hasana dan Muhammad Toya Rero
1740 - 1750 Muhammad Kabiya Wari Mai Kere dan `Uthman
1750 - 1751 Tsagarana Yahaya
1751 - 1758 Karya Giwa III Dubane dan Jan Hazo
1758 - 1767 Muhammad Wari III
1767 - 1784 Karya Giwa IV
1784 - 1801 Gida Agwaragi Mai Kere dan Tsagarana
1801 Gwozo dan Tsagarana
1801 - 1804 Bawa dan Gima
1804 - 1805 Mare Mawa Mahmud dan Tsagarana
1805 Magajin Halidu (b. ... - d. 1807)
Rulers (title Sarkin Katsina, also styled emir)
- Dallazawa dynasty -
1805 - 1835 Malam `Umaru Dallaji (b. ... - d. 1835)
1835 - 1844 Sidiqu dan `Umaru
1844 - 1869 Muhamman Bello dan `Umaru (b. ... - d. 1869)
1869 Ahmadu Rafaye dan `Umaru (b. ... - d. 1869)
1869 - 1882 Ibrahim dan Muhamman Bello (b. ... - d. 1882)
1882 - 1887 Musa dan `Umaru (b. ... - d. 1887)
1887 - 1905 Abu Bakr dan Ibrahim
2 Jan 1905 - 1906 Yero dan Musa
- Sulibawa dynasty -
Nov 1906 - 29 Jan 1944 Muhammad Dikko dan Gidado (b. 1865 - d. 1944)
8 Aug 1944 - 19 Mar 1981 `Uthman Nagogo dan Muhammad Dikko (b. 1905 - d. 1981)
1981 - Kabir dan `Uthman Nagogo

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Kazaure
1818 Kazaure, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs (also styled Sarkin Arewa)
1818 - 1824 Ibrahim Dan Tunku (b. ... - d. 1824)
1824 - 1857 Dambo dan Dan Tunku (b. ... - d. 1857)
1857 - 1886 Muhamman Zangi dan Dambo (b. ... - d. 1886)
1886 - 1914 Muhamman Mayaki dan Dambo (b. 18... - d. 1914)
1914 - 1922 Muhammadu Tura dan Muhamman Mayaki (b. ... - d. 1922)
1922 - 1941 `Umaru Na'uka dan Muhammadu Tura (b. ... - d. 1941)
1941 - 1969 Adamu dan `Abd al-Mu'mini
19 Dec 1969 - 1974 Ibrahim dan Adamu
1974 - ... Muhammadu dan Adamu
... - Najib Husaini Adamu

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Kebbi
1515 Kebbi, or Kabi, state founded
1831 conquered by, and incorporated into, Gwandu
1849 independence

Rulers (title Sarkin Kebbi, also styled Kanta)
- Lekawa dynasty -
1696 - 1700 Tomo dan Muhammadu (or dan Ibrahim?)
1700 - 1717 Muhammadu dan Giwa
1717 - 1750 Muhammadu Isma`ila Ta-Gandu
dan Muhammadu Na Sifawa
1750 - 1754 Muhammadu dan Ta-Gandu
1754 - 1775 `Abd Allahi Toga dan Ta-Gandu
1775 - 1803 Sulemana dan `Abd Allahi Toga
1803 Abu Bakar Ukar dan Sulemana
1803 - 1826 Muhammadu Hodi dan Sulemana (b. ... - d. 1826)
1826 - 1831 Karari Isma`ila dan Sulemana (b. ... - d. 1831)
Rulers (title Amir Argungu, also styled Sarkin Kebbi or Kanta)
1849 - 1854 Ya`qubu Nabame dan Isma`ila (b. ... - d. 1854)
1854 - 1859 Yusufu Maynassara dan Isma`ila (b. ... - d. 1859)
1859 - 1860 Muhammadu Ba'are dan Ya`qubu
Nabame (b. ... - d. 1860)
1860 - 1883 `Abd Allahi Toga dan Isma`ila (b. ... - d. 1883)
1883 - Sep 1915 Muhammadu Isma`ila dan Ya`qubu
Nabame (b. 1839 - d. 1915)
1915 - 1920 Sulemana dan Ya`qubu Nabame (b. 18... - d. 1920)
1920 - 1934 Muhammadu Sama dan Isma`ila (b. 18... - d. 1934)
1934 - 1942 Muhammadu Sani Muza dan Muhammadu
Sama (b. ... - d. 1942)
1942 - 1953 Muhammadu Isma`ila dan Mudi (b. ... - d. 1953)
1953 - Oct 1959 Muhammadu Shefe dan Muhammadu Sama
Jan 1960 - Muhammadu Mera Muza dan Muhammadu
Sani (b. 1931)

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Keffi
1802 Keffi, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs
1802 - 1820 `Abd Allahi `Abdu Zanga dan
Muhammadu Gani (b. ... - d. 1820)
1820 - 1835 Maizabo dan Muhammadu Gani (b. ... - d. 1835)
1835 - 1859 Jibrilu dan `Abd Allahi (b. ... - d. 1859)
1859 - 1862 Muhamman dan `Abd Allahi
1862 - 1877 Ahmadu dan `Abd Allahi (b. ... - d. 1877)
1877 - 1894 Sidi `Umaru dan `Abd Allahi
1894 - 1902 Ibrahim dan `Abd Allahi
1902 - 1921 `Abd Allahi dan Jibrilu (b. ... - d. 1921)
1921 - 1923 Abu Bakar dan Yamusa
1923 - 1928 `Abd Allahi dan Ishaqu (b. ... - d. 1929)
1928 - 1933 Muhammadu Mayaki `Isa dan Ibrahim
1933 - 1948 Abu Bakar dan Muhammadu (b. ... - d. 1949)
7 Mar 1948 - 19.. Ahmadu Maikwato dan `Abd Allahi
*1980 - Muhammadu Cindo Yamusa II

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Kontagora
1864 Kontagora, a new Fulbe state, founded

Emirs (also styled Sarkin Sudan)
- Toronkawa dynasty -
1864 - 1876 `Umaru Nagwamatse dan Abi Bakar (b. 1806 - d. 1876)
1876 - 1880 Abu Bakar Modibo dan `Umaru (b. 18... - d. 1880)
1880 - 1901 Ibrahim Nagwamatse dan `Umaru
(1st time) (b. 1857 - d. 1929)
- Yawuri dynasty -
1901 `Abd Allahi Abarshi dan `Ali
dan Yerima Jatau (b. ... - d. 1904)
1901 Muhammadu Gani dan `Abd Allahi
Abarshi
1901 - 1903 Mayaki Ibrahim (usurper)
- Toronkawa dynasty -
Apr 1903 - 26 Oct 1929 Ibrahim Nagwamatse dan `Umaru
(2nd time) (s.a.)
1929 - Ja/Fe 1961 `Umaru Maidubu dan Ibrahim (b. ... - d. 1961)
Feb 1961 - Jan 1974 Mu'azu dan Ibrahim (b. 1900)
21 Jan 1974 - Sa`idu Namaska dan Malam `Umaru
"Sarkin Kudu"

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Koton Karifi
... Bwaka state founded, later renamed Gerinya,
later renamed Koton Karifi

Rulers (title Ohimege)
... - ... Ohimi Ozage
... - ... Adarico
... - ... Hetenye
... - ... Ohutu
... - ... Gaku
... - ... `Usuman
... - ... Abutu
... - ... Agumaji
... - ... Ahimulu
... - ... Nyaku
... - ... Azotu
... - ... Odaho
... - ... Kushimshe
... - ... Akaza
... - ... Ankyaku
... - ... `Umaru
... - ... Gudaba
... - ... Usumangwe
... - ... Adegbe
... - ... Sumoji (1st time)
... - ... Anjiafu
... - ... Sumoji (2nd time)
... - ... `Ali
*1920* Moma Cekpa

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Lafia
1804 Lafia Beri-Beri state founded
1903 state renamed Lafia

Rulers (title Sarkin Lafia)
1804 - 1809 Dunama (b. 17... - d. 1809)
1809 - 1814 Musa dan Jaji
1814 - 1819 `Umar I
1819 - 1844 Laminu
1844 - 1849 Musa Gana
1849 - 1866 `Abd Allahi Dalla dan Dunama (b. ... - d. 1866)
1866 - 1868 Ari dan Laminu
1868 - 1873 `Umar II dan `Abd Allahi Dalla
1873 - 1881 `Abd Allahi Dalla Bahagu dan Ari (b. ... - d. 1881)
1881 - 1903 Muhamman Agwe I dan Ari
Emirs
1903 - May 1918 Musa dan `Abd Allahi Dalla (b. ... - d. 1918)
Aug 1918 - 1926 `Abd Allahi dan Muhamman Agwe
1926 - 1933 Muhammadu Angulu dan `Abd Allahi
Dalla (b. ... - d. 1933)
1933 - 1949 Muhamman Agwe II dan `Abd Allahi
Dalla Bahagu (b. ... - d. 1949)
1949 - Dec 1952 Makwangiji Na'ali (regent)
Dec 1952 - 1978 Yusufu dan Musa
1978 - `Isa Mustafa Agwa

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Lafiagi
1824 Lafiagi, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs
1824 - 1833 Muhamman Zuma dan Ahmadu
1833 - 1834 `Aliyu dan Maliki (1st time)
1834 - 1845 `Abd al-Qadiri dan Muhamman Zuma
(1st time)
1845 - 1853 `Aliyu dan Maliki (2nd time)
1853 - 1868 `Abd al-Qadiri dan Muhamman Zuma
(2nd time)
1868 - 1882 Ibrahim Khalilu dan Muhamman Zuma
1882 - 1891 `Aliyu dan Muhamman Zuma
1891 - 1892 `Abd ar-Rahim dan Muhamman Zuma
1892 - 2 Mar 1915 Ahmadu dan `Abd al-Qadiri
Apr 1915 - 1945 Muhamman Bello dan Ahmadu
1945 - 1949 Abu Bakar Kawu dan Muhammadu Sha`ba
1949 - 1951 Sha`ba Maliki dan `Aliyu (regent)
1951 - 1961 Abu Bakar Ceceko dan Hasan (regent)
11 Oct 1961 - 19.. `Umaru Oke Ode dan Muhammadu Sha`ba
(regent)
19.. - Sa`du Kawu Khaliru

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Lagos
bf.1630 Eko state founded
6 Aug 1861 becomes British colony as Lagos, but dynasty continues
8 Dec 1920 - 9 Aug 1925 recognition withdrawn by colonial government

Rulers (title Oba, also styled Eleeko)
... - 1630 Ashipa = Eshikpa
1630 - 1669 Ado = Edo
1669 - 1704 Gabaro = Guobaro
1704 - 1749 Akinsemoyin
1749 - 1750 Eletu Kekere
1750 - 1775 Ologun Kutere
1775 - 1780 Adele I Ajosun (1st time)
1780 - 1819 Osinlokun
1819 - 1832 Idewu Ojulari
1832 - 1834 Adele I Ajosun (2nd time)
1834 - 1841 Oluwole (b. ... - d. 1841)
1841 - Jun 1845 Akintoye (1st time)
Jun 1845 - 29 Dec 1851 Kosoko (b. ... - d. af.1863)
Feb 1852 -2/3 Sep 1853 Akintoye (2nd time)
4 Sep 1853 - 26 Feb 1885 Dosunmun (b. ... - d. 1885)
Mar 1885 - 30 Sep 1900 Adeyinka Oyekan I (b. 18... - d. 1900)
1900 - 8 Dec 1920 Esuugbayii Eleeko (1st time) (b. ... - d. 1932)
(abdicated 6 Aug 1925)
9 Aug 1925 - 1928 Ibikunle Akintoye
1928 - 4 Jul 1931 Sanunsi Olusi
4 Jul 1931 - 24 Oct 1932 Esuugbayii Eleeko (2nd time) (s.a.)
3 Nov 1932 - 2 Sep 1949 Falolu Dosunmun
1 Oct 1949 - 12 Jul 1964 Musendiku Buraimoh Adeniji Adele
II (b. 1893 - d. 1964)
12 Jul 1964 - 11 Mar 1965 S.A. Agoro (regent)
11 Mar 1965 - 7 Mar 2003 Adeyinka Akinola Oyekan II (b. 1911 - d. 2003)
22 May 2003 - Riliwan Babatunde Osuolale
Aremu Akiolu I (b. 1943)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Lapai
1825 Lapai, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs
1825 - 1832 Da'udu Maza dan Jaura (b. ... - d. 1832)
1832 - 1835 Yamuza dan Jaura (b. ... - d. 1835)
1835 - 1838 Baji dan Jaura (b. ... - d. 1839)
1838 - 1874 Jantabu dan Jaura (b. ... - d. 1874)
1874 - 1875 `Atiqu dan Jantabu (b. ... - d. 1875)
1875 - 1893 Bawa dan Jantabu (b. ... - d. 1893)
1893 - 1907 `Abd al-Qadiri dan Jantabu (b. ... - d. 1910)
1907 - 1923 Ibrahim dan Jantabu (b. ... - d. 1923)
1923 - Apr 1937 `Aliyu Gana dan `Abd al-Qadiri (b. ... - d. 1937)
1937 - Nov 1954 `Umaru dan Ibrahim (b. 1882 - d. 1954)
1954 - 13 Jun 2002 Muhammadu Kobo dan `Aliyu Gana (b. 1909? - d. 2002)
10 Aug 2002 - `Umaru Bago

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Misau
1808 Misau state founded

Emirs (also styled Sarkin Bornu ta Gabas)
1808 - 1833 Muhamman Manga dan Gwami Mukhtar (b. ... - d. 1833)
1833 - 1850 Ahmadu dan Gwami Mukhtar (b. ... - d. 1850)
1850 - 1861 `Usman dan Muhamman Manga
1861 - 1886 Yarima Sale dan Muhamman Manga (b. 1814 - d. 1886)
1886 - 1900 Muhamman Manga dan Yarima Sale (b. 18... - d. 1900)
1900 - 1903 Ahmadu dan Yarima Sale
1903 - 1926 Tafida dan Yarima Sale (b. ... - d. 1926)
Oct 1926 - 19.. Ahmadu dan Tafida (b. 1900)
... - Muhammadu Manga III

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Mubi
18.. Mubi, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emir
*1975* Abu Bakar `Isa Ahmadu

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Muri
1817 Muri, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs
1817 - 1833 Hamman Ruwa dan `Usman (b. ... - d. 1833)
1833 - 1836 Ibrahim dan Hamman Ruwa (1st time)
1836 Hamman dan Hamman Ruwa (1st time)
1836 - 1848 Ibrahim dan Hamman Ruwa (2nd time)
1848 - 1861 Hamman dan Hamman Ruwa (2nd time)
1861 - 1869 Hamadu dan Bose (b. ... - d. 1869)
1869 - 1873 Burba dan Hamman (b. ... - d. 1892)
1873 - 1874 Abu Bakar dan Hamman Ruwa (b. ... - d. 1874)
1874 - 1897 Muhammadu Nya dan Abi Bakar (b. ... - d. 1897)
1897 - 1903 Hasan dan Muhammadu Nya (b. 18... - d. 1903)
1903 - 1953 Muhammadu Mafindi dan Muhammadu
Nya (b. 1868 - d. 1953)
1953 - 1966 Muhamman Tukur dan Muhammadu Nya (b. 1883 - d. 19...)
1966 - 12 Aug 1986 `Umaru Abba Tukur
1986 - Tafida

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Nasarawa
1838 Nasarawa state founded

Emirs (also styled Sarkin Kwotto)
1838 - 1858 `Umaru Makama Dogo dan `Usman
Rababawa (b. ... - d. 1858)
1858 - 1878 Ahmadu dan `Umaru (b. ... - d. 1878)
1878 Muhamman Sani dan `Umaru (b. ... - d. 1878)
1878 - 1922 Muhammadu dan `Umaru (b. ... - d. 1922)
1922 Ahmadu dan Ahmadu
1922 - 1926 Muhammadu dan Ahmadu
1926 - 1941 `Usman dan Ahmadu
1942 - 1960 `Umaru dan Muhammadu (b. ... - d. 1960)
1960 - 19.. Jibrin dan Muhammadu
28 Nov 1992 - Ibrahim Ramalan Abubakar

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Nembe
... Nembe city-state founded, known as Brass in
protectorate terminology
bf.1800 split into Ogbolomab'iri and Bassamb'iri

Rulers (title Amanyanabo)
... - ... Ogbo
... - ... Kala Ekule
... - ... Nembe
... - ... Opu Igula
... - ... Amain
... - ... Owagi
... - ... Kala Igula
... - ... Ogbolo
... - ... Opu Basuo
... - ... Ogio
... - ... Peresuo
... - ... Obia + Ekutia (regents)
... - ... Kala Basuo
... - ... Ogbodo
Ogbolomab'iri
Rulers (title Amanyanabo)
... - ... Mingi I
... - ... Ikata Mingi II
... - ... Gboro Mingi III
1800 - 1832 Kulo Mingi IV "King Forday"
1832 - 1846 Amain Mingi V "King Boy"
1846 Kuki
1846 - 1863 Kien Mingi VI
1863 - 1879 Ockiya Mingi VII
1879 - 1889 vacant
1889 - 1896 Frederick William Koko Mingi VIII
1896 - 1926 vacant
1926 - 1936 Anthony O. Ockiya Mingi IX
1936 - 1954 vacant
1954 - 19.. Francis O. Joseph Alagoa Mingi X
19.. - 1979 vacant
1979 - Ambrose Ezeolisa Alagoa Mingi XI
Bassamb'iri
Rulers (title Amanyanabo)
... - ... Ogbodo
... - ... Gbolowei
... - ... Okiriyai
... - ... Dede
... - ... Tamuno
... - ... Aladede
... - ... Mein "King Jacket"
... - ... Duguruyai
... - 1870 Arisimo "King Peter"
1870 - 1894 Ebifa
1894 - 1924 vacant
1924 - 1927 Albert Oguara
1928 - ... Ben I. Warri

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
New Calabar: see Kalabari.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ningi
1838 Ningi state founded

Chiefs
1838 - 18.. Hamza
18.. - ... Dan Maji dan Hamza
... - ... Gasigi dan Hamza
... - 1902 Dan Yaya (b. 18... - d. 1902)
1902 - 1905 Mamuda (1st time)
1905 - 1908 vacant
1908 - 1914 Mamuda (2nd time)
1914 - 19.. Awudu
*1995 - Yunusa Muhammad Danyaya

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Nupe
1531 Nupe state re-founded by Edegi

Rulers (title Etsu Nupe)
- Edegi dynasty -
1679 - 1700 Abdu Waliyi
1700 - 1709 Alyu
1710 - 1713 Ganamace = Saci
1713 - 1717 Ibrahima
1717 - 1721 Idirisu I = `Isa
1721 - 1742 `Abd Allahi 'Tsado I = Audu
1742 - 1746 Abu Bakr Kolo dan `Abd Allahi 'Tsado
1746 - 1759 Jibirin dan Abu Bakr Kolo
1759 - 1767 Ma'azu dan `Abd Allahi 'Tsado
(1st time)
1767 - 1777 Majiya I = Zubayru dan Abu Bakr Kolo
1777 - 1778 Ilyasu = Muhammad Lafia
1778 - 1795 Ma'azu dan `Abd Allahi 'Tsado
(2nd time)
1795 `Ali Kolo Tankari
1795 - 1796 Mamma
1796 - ... Jimada dan Ma'azu (1st time) (b. ... - d. 1805)
... - ... Mamma (2nd time)
... - 1805 Jimada dan Ma'azu (2nd time) (s.a.)
1805 - 18.. `Abdu Rahmanu
18.. - 1810 Majiya II (1st time) (b. ... - d. 1835)
(in rebellion from 1796)
1810 - 1830 Idirisu II dan Jimada
(continues in rebellion to 1849)
1830 - 1834 Majiya II (2nd time) (s.a.)
1834 - 1836 'Tsado II dan Majiya (b. ... - d. 1836)
1836 - 1846 Jia (b. ... - d. 1846)
1836 - 1841 `Usuman Zaki dan Malam Dendo (b. c.1790 - d. 1859)
(in rebellion)
1841 - 1847 Masaba dan Malam Dendo (1st time)
(in rebellion)
1846 - 1848 Maza
1848 - 1856 `Umar Bahaushi (usurper)
1849 - 1872 Ma'azu `Isa (b. ... - d. 1872)
(in rebellion, following Idirisu II)
Rulers (title Etsu Nupe, also styled Amirin Bida)
- Edegi dynasty -
1856 - 1859 `Usuman Zaki dan Malam Dendo (s.a.)
1859 - 1873 Masaba dan Malam Dendo (2nd time) (b. ... - d. 1873)
1873 - 1884 `Umaru Majigi dan Muhamman Majigi (b. ... - d. 1884)
1884 - 1895 Maliki dan `Usuman Zaki (b. ... - d. 1895)
1895 - 1897 Abu Bakr dan Masaba (1st time) (b. 18... - d. 1919)
1897 - 1899 Muhammadu dan `Umaru Majigi
(1st time) (b. 18... - d. 1916)
1899 - 17 Feb 1901 Abu Bakr dan Masaba (2nd time) (s.a.)
Feb 1901 - 26 Feb 1916 Muhammadu dan `Umaru Majigi
(2nd time) (s.a.)
6 Mar 1916 - 1926 Bello dan Maliki (b. 18... - d. 1926)
1926 - Feb 1935 Malam Sa`idu dan Mamudu (b. ... - d. 1935)
28 Feb 1935 - 29 Oct 1962 Malam Muhammadu Ndayako dan
Muhammadu (b. 1884 - d. 1962)
29 Oct 1962 - 19.. `Usman Sarki dan Malam Sa`idu
19.. - 10 Jan 1975 Malam Musa Bello
Jan 1975 - `Umaru Sanda Ndayako

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Obioko
... Obioko, also called Ikotitungko, founded;
known to Europeans as Creek Town (in "Old Calabar")
1790 independence

Rulers (title Edidem)
1790 - 1820 Eyo Honesty I
1820 - 1825 vacant
1825 - 1858 Eyo Honesty II
1858 - May 1861 Eyo Honesty III
1861 - 1865 Eyo Honesty IV
1865 - 1867 Eyo Honesty V
1867 - Jun 1871 Eyo Honesty VI
1871 - 1873 vacant
1873 - 1891 Eyo Honesty VII
1891 - 1902 Eyo Honesty VIII
Rulers (title Obong)
1902 - 1903 Eyo Honesty VIII
1903 - 19.. Eyo Honesty IX

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ogbolomab'iri: see under Nembe.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Oke-Ona
Chiefs (title Osile)
1897 - 1899 Karunwi I (b. ... - d. 1899)
1900 - 1902 Sanyaolu
1904 - 19.. Sokunbi
... - 1951 Subero Olatunbosun Adelamola I
1951 - 19.. Adeniran Adelamola II
19.. - Adedapo Adewale Tejuoso Karunwi III

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Okolo-Ama
c.1310 Okolo-Ama city-state founded; known to Europeans as Bonny
Note: The ruling class is organized into wari ("houses"). The name of the wari, where available, is given in [ ].
Rulers (title Amanyanabo)
- Pepple dynasty -
... - ... Asimini
... - ... Edimini
... - ... Kambasa (f)
... - ... Kamalu
... - ... Opu Dappa
... - ... Amakiri
... - ... Apia
... - ... Warri
1759 - 1760 Awusa "King Halliday"
+ Igbani
+ Bupuor
+ Ipuor
1760 - 17.. Perekule I "Captain Pepple"
17.. - 1792 Fubara I Agbaa Pepple
[Fubara Manilla Pepple]
1792 - 1828 Opubo Fubara Pepple
[Opubo Anna Pepple]
1828 - 1830 Bere-ibibo Pepple
1830 Regency
- Ibaniburufigha
[Fubara Manilla Pepple]
- Maduka [Opubo Anna Pepple]
1830 - 23 Jan 1854 Dappa Perekule (1st time)
1830 - 1836 Alali [Opubo Anna Pepple]
(regent)
23 Jan 1854 - 13 Aug 1855 Dapu Fubara II Pepple "King Dappo" (b. ... - d. 1855)
11 Sep 1855 - 18 Aug 1861 Regency
- Iloli [Opubo Anna Pepple] (b. ... - d. 1862)
- Dapu "Adda Allison"
[Adda Allison]
- Oju Adango Hart = Akunnayi
[Captain Hart] (to 18...)
- Wogu Dappa [King Dappo] (from 18...)
- Jack Gboboitemegha = Jack Ntsheke =
Erina Shabu [Fubara Manilla Pepple]
18 Aug 1861 - 30 Sep 1866 William Dappa Pepple I
(= Dappa Perekule) (2nd time)
30 Sep 1866 - 14 Dec 1883 George Oruigbiji Pepple I (1st time)
14 Dec 1883 - 22 Jan 1887 vacant?
22 Jan 1887 - 31 Oct 1888 George Oruigbiji Pepple I (2nd time)
31 Oct 1888 - 28 Feb 1892 Waribo [Fubara Manilla Pepple]
(regent)
1892 - 1923 Ate [Fubara Manilla Pepple]
(regent)
1932 - 14 Feb 1932 Claude Sodienye
[Fubara Manilla Pepple]
(1st time) (regent) (b. ... - d. 1952)
14 Feb 1932 - 1937 Secondus George Pepple II (b. ... - d. 1939)
1937 - 1952 Claude Sodienye
[Fubara Manilla Pepple]
(2nd time) (regent) (s.a.)
1952 - 27 Dec 1957 Francis D. Banigo (regent)
27 Dec 1957 - 1970 Eugene William Dappa Pepple II
1970 - 1978 Regency
- Abesa T. Allison (b. ... - d. 1978)
- Mathew Ate Pepple (to 1975) (b. ... - d. 1975)
- Benonai Ezekiel Hart (to 1973) (b. ... - d. 1973)
1978 - 1993 Opuada Pepple
1993 - 1996 Chiefs Council
1996 - Edward Asimini William Dappa
Pepple III = Perekule XI

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Okpe
Chiefs (title Orodje)
*18..* Esenzi I
... - 1 Jan 1951 vacant
1 Jan 1951 - 1972 Esenzi II
1972 - Orhoro

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Okrika
Chiefs (title Amanyanabo)
c.1690 - c.1750 Boka Ado III
c.1760 - c.1815 Nemiduko Ado IV
c.1815 - c.1830 Mianene (regent)
1832 - 1874 Fibika Ado V
1876 - 1896 Ibanichuka Ado VI
1896 - 1928 Daniel Oju Kalio (regent) (b. ... - d. 1928)
1928 - 1958 Sampson Igobo Adoki (regent)
1959 Zedekiah Fibika Ado VII
1964 - 1997 S.P.U. Ogan Ado VIII (b. ... - d. 1997)
17 May 2001 - Charles Adokiye Dagogo Ibulubo
Ado IX
(chieftaincy disputed with following)
Feb 2002 - Alfred Semenitari Abam Ado IX

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Old Calabar: see Akwa Akpa.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Onitsha
c.1550 Onitsha state founded

Rulers (title Obi)
c.1700 Eze Aroli
... - ... Chimaedia
... - ... Omozele
... - ... Ezeolisa
c.1800 Ijelekpe
c.1820 Udogwu
1840 - 1873 Akazue
1873 - 1874 Diali
1874 - 1899 Anazonwu
1901 - 1931 Samuel Okolo Okosi I
1935 - 1961 James Okosi II
1962 - 1970 Joseph Okwudili Onyejekwe
1970 - 17 Oct 2001 Ofala Akulalia Alphonsus Ogugua
Ofala Okechukwu Okagbue II (b. ... - d. 2001)
3 Jun 2002 - Nnayelugo Alfred Nnaemeka Achebe

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Opobo
1869 Opobo state founded by members of the Opubo Anna Pepple
wari ("house") from Okolo-Ama

Rulers (title Amanyanabo)
- Jaja dynasty -
25 Dec 1870 - Sep 1887 Jubo Jubogha "Jaja"
Sep 1887 - 1891 Perekule [Sam Anna Pepple house]
(chairman Council of Chiefs)
1891 - 1893 "Cookey Gam" (political agent)
1893 - 1915 Obiesigha Jaja = Frederick Sunday
(Amadabo [caretaker])
1916 - 1936 Dipiri = Arthur Mac Pepple
1936 - 1942 Sodienye Jaja = Douglas Mac Pepple
(1st time) (b. ... - d. 1980)
1942 - 1946 Stephen Ubogu Jaja (acting)
1952 - 31 Jul 1980 Sodienye Jaja = Douglas Mac Pepple
(2nd time) (s.a.)
1980 - 2003 vacant
2003 - Dandeson Jaja

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Oshogbo
Ruler (title Ataoja)
... - ... Okuntofo
... - ... Lajomo
... - ... Lara
1825 - 1832 Beijisku
1832 - 1840 Modol
1840 - 1854 Odedare Lanhamo
1854 - 1864 Ojo Okeye
1864 - 1870 Matanmi
1870 - 1891 Faleode
1891 - 1893 Bangbola
1893 - 1903 Oyekona
1903 - 1918 Gbeja
1918 - 1920 Latona
1920 - 1935 Lawole
1935 - 19.. Oyedokin Adente
1976 - Iyiola Oyewale Matanmi III

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Owo
1019? Owo, an important Yoruba state, founded

Rulers (title Oba, also styled Olowo)
1719 - ... Ajagbusi Ekun
*17..* Elewuokun
... - 1941 Olagbegi I
Mar 1941 - 15 Feb 1968 Olateru Olagbegi II (1st time) (b. ... - d. 1998)
1968 - 1993 Joseph Adekola Ogunoye II (b. ... - d. 1993)
1993 - 1998 Olateru Olagbegi II (2nd time) (s.a.)
Feb 1999 - Folagbade Olateru Olagbegi III

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Oyo
bf.1300 Oyo, the premier Yoruba state, founded

Rulers (title Alaafin-onon-ola, also styled Onile)
*1728* Ojigi (b. ... - d. 1736)
17.. - 17.. Yau Yamba (regent)
17.. - 17.. Gberu
17.. - 17.. Jambu (regent)
17.. - 1746 Amunniwaye
1746 Kokiki or Kogbon (regent)
[Kogbon succeeded Kokiki in 1746 as basorun, the officer
functioning as regent during a vacancy]
1746 - 1754 Onisile
1754 Soyiki = Esuuogbo (regent)
1754 Gaha (1st time) (regent) (b. ... - d. 1774)
1754 Labisi
1754 Gaha (2nd time) (regent) (s.a.)
1754 Awonbiioju
1754 Gaha (3rd time) (regent) (s.a.)
1754 - 17.. Agboluaje
17.. - 17.. Gaha (4th time) (regent) (s.a.)
17.. - 17.. Maajeogbe = Ojo Areserena
17.. - 17.. Gaha (5th time) (regent) (s.a.)
17.. - 1789 Abiodun
1789 Kangidi (regent)
1789 - 1796 Awole Arogangan = Asamu (b. ... - d. 1796)
1796 Asamu Agba-olekan (regent)
1796 - 1797 Adebo
1797 Ojo Aburumaku (1st time) (regent)
1797 Maaku (b. ... - d. 1797)
1797 - 1802 Ojo Aburumaku (2nd time) (regent)
1802 - 1830 Majotu
1830 Akinoso (1st time) (regent)
1830 - 1833 Amodo
1833 Akinoso (2nd time) (regent)
1833 - 1835 Oluewu (b. ... - d. 1835)
1835 - 1837 vacant due to relocation
1837 - Mar 1859 Atiba Atobatele
Mar 1859 - 1859 Gbenla (regent)
1859 - 1875 Adelu "Agunloye bii Oyibo"
1875 - 1876 Ogunsoro (regent)
1876 - 1905 Adeyemi I Alowolodu
1905 Layode (regent)
1905 - 1911 Lawani Agogoja
1911 Dairo (regent)
1911 - Dec 1944 Siyanbola Onikepe Oladigbolu I
Dec 1944 - 1945 ... (regent)
1945 - 1955 Adeyemi II Adeniran (b. 1871 - d. 1955)
1955 - 1956 ... (regent)
1956 - 1970 Bello Gbadegesin Oladigbolu II
1970 - 19 Nov 1970 ... (regent)
19 Nov 1970 - Lamidi Olayiwola Adeyemi III (b. 1939)

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Pategi
1898 Pategi state, an offshoot of Nupe, founded

Rulers (title Etsu Pategi)
1898 - 1900 Idirisu Gana dan Ma'azu `Isa (b. ... - d. 1900)
Nov 1900 - 1923 Ma'azu `Isa dan Idirisu Gana (b. ... - d. 1923)
1923 - Jan 1931 `Usuman 'Tsado dan Ma'azu `Isa (b. ... - d. 1931)
Jan 1931 - ... `Umaru dan Ma'azu `Isa (b. 1898)
... - Haliru Ibrahim Chatta

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Potiskum
1809 Potiskum state founded

Rulers (title Moi)
1809 - ... Bauya
... - ... Awani
... - ... Dungari
... - ... Dowi
... - 1836 Muzgai
1836 - 1839 Jaji
1839 - 1859 Nego
1859 - 1886 Numainda
1886 - 1895 Gubbo
1895 - 1901 Bundi
1901 - 1915 Agudum

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Sokoto
21 Feb 1804 Sokoto, the centre of the Fulbe jihad, established
20 Apr 1817 Sokoto styled sultanate, the suzerain of all Fulbe
jihad states

Ruler (title Amir al-Mu´minin, also styled Lamido Julbe)
21 Feb 1804 - 20 Apr 1817 Imam `Usuman dan Muhammad Fodio (b. 1754 - d. 1817)
Sultans (also styled Amir al-Mu´minin and Sarkin Musulmi)
20 Apr 1817 - 26 Oct 1837 Muhammadu Bello dan `Usuman
"Mai Wurno" (b. 1781 - d. 1837)
26 Oct 1837 - Nov 1842 Abu Bakar `Atiqu I dan `Usuman
"Mai Katuru" (b. 1782 - d. 1842)
Nov 1842 - 21 Oct 1859 `Aliyu Baba dan Bello "Mai Cinaka" (b. c.1808 - d. 1859)
21 Oct 1859 - 2 Nov 1866 Ahmadu `Atiqu dan Abi Bakar
"Mai Cimola" (b. c.1807 - d. 1866)
2 Nov 1866 - 20 Oct 1867 `Aliyu Karami dan Bello (b. 1809 - d. 1867)
Oct 1867 - Mar 1873 Ahmadu Rafaye dan `Usuman (b. c.1814 - d. 1873)
Mar 1873 - Mar 1877 Abu Bakar `Atiqu II dan Bello
"na Rabih" (b. c.1812 - d. 1877)
Mar 1877 - Sep 1881 Mu'azu Ahmadu dan Bello (b. c.1816 - d. 1881)
Sep 1881 - 25 Mar 1891 `Umaru dan `Aliyu Baba (b. c.1824 - d. 1891)
25 Mar 1891 - 10 Oct 1902 `Abd ar-Rahman dan Abi Bakar
"Mai Kano," "Danyen Kasko" (b. c.1829 - d. 1902)
13 Oct 1902 - 15 Mar 1903 Muhammadu Attahiru I dan Ahmadu (b. 18... - d. 1903)
Mar 1903 - Jun 1915 Muhammadu Attahiru II dan `Aliyu
Baba (b. 18... - d. 1915)
1915 - 1924 Muhammadu dan Ahmadu "Mai Turare" (b. ... - d. 1924)
1924 - Jan 1931 Muhammadu dan Muhammadu "Tambari" (b. ... - d. 1935)
1931 - 1938 Hasan dan Mu'azu Ahmadu (b. ... - d. 1938)
17 Jun 1938 - 1 Nov 1988 Abu Bakar dan `Usuman as-Siddiq (b. 1903 - d. 1988)
6 Nov 1988 - 20 Apr 1996 Ibrahim Dasuki dan Khaliru (b. 1923)
21 Apr 1996 - Ibrahim Muhammadu Maccido dan
Abu Bakar

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Suleja: see Abuja.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Tiv
1946 the protectorate regime creates the institution of the
Tor Tiv, the first incumbent being elected 1947

Rulers (title Tor Tiv)
1947 - 11 Oct 1956 Makare Dzakpe
1956 - 1979 Malam Gondo Aluor
1979 - 19.. Orchivirigh James Akperan Orshi
19.. - Alfred Akawe Torkula

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Viyu: see Biu.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Warri
bf.1500 Itsekiri state founded
4 Apr 1851 - 1894 a region is separated, ruled by a "Governor of the River"
May 1952 Itsekiri state expanded and renamed Warri

Rulers (title Olu)
... - ... Abejioye
... - ... Akenjioye
... - c.1710 Omagboye
c.1710 - c.1735 Akengboye
c.1735 - ... Atogbuwa = Manuel Otobia
... - c.1807 Erejuwa = Sebastião Otobia
c.1807 - 14 Jun 1848 Akengbuwa = João (b. ... - d. 1848)
1848 Ejo
1848 - 1851 Iye Idolorusan (f) (regent)
1851 - ... Eri (regent)
... - ... vacant
... - ... Atsego (regent)
... - 16 Jan 1921 Okorofianyegbe (regent)
13 Sep 1917 - 24 Sep 1932 Dogho Numa (b. 18... - d. 1932)
("Recognized Paramount Chief of Warri")
16 Jan 1921 - 1929 vacant
1929 - 7 Feb 1936 Olagbemi Ewolufu (regent)
7 Feb 1936 - 19.. Ginuwa II
*1987 - Ogiame Atuwatse II

Governors of the River
4 Apr 1851 - 1870 Idiare
1870 - 1879 Tsanomi (b. ... - d. 1896)
1879 - 1883 Olomu (b. c.1810 - d. 1883)
12 Jul 1884 - 1894 Nana Eriomala Olomu (b. c.1852 - d. 1916)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Wase
1820 Wase state founded

Ruler (title Madakin)
1820 - 1828 Hasan dan Giwa (b. ... - d. 1828)
Rulers (title Sarkin Dutse)
1828 - 1848 `Abd Allahi I dan Giwa (b. ... - d. 1848)
1848 - 1866 Hamman I dan `Abd Allahi
1866 - 1869 Hamman II dan `Umaru
1869 - 1874 Sulaymanu dan Hasan
1874 - 1877 Muhammadu I dan `Abd Allahi
1877 - 1878 Muhammadu II dan `Abd Allahi (b. ... - d. 1878)
1878 - 1902 Muhammadu III dan Musa
Emirs
1902 - 1909 Muhammadu III dan Musa
1909 - 1919 `Abd Allahi II dan Muhammadu (b. ... - d. 1919)
1919 - 1928 Muhammadu IV dan `Abd Allahi
1929 - 1947 Abu Bakar dan Muhammadu
1948 - 7 Oct 2001 `Abd Allahi III Mai Kano dan
`Abd Allahi
Oct 2001 - Haruna dan `Abd Allahi

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Wukari
bf.1600 Jukun state founded and centred at Kwararafa
1855 centre moved to Wukari; state becomes known as Wukari

Rulers (title Aku Uka)
... - ... Agbu Kenjo
... - ... Katakpa
... - ... Agwabi
... - ... Dawi
... - ... Agyibi
... - ... Nani To
... - ... Daju
... - ... Zike
... - ... Kuvyon I
... - ... Adi Matswen
... - 1820 Ashu Manu I
1820 - 1854 Angyu Zikenyu
1854 - 1866 Agbu Manu I
1866 - 1871 Ashu Manu II
1871 - 1902 Agudu Manu
1902 - 1915 Agbu Manu II
1915 - 1927 Ashu Manu III
1927 - 19.. Agbu Manu III
19.. - 1945 Angyu Ashu Manu IV
1946 - May 1960 Atoshi Agbu Manu IV
May 1960 - 19.. Adi Byewi
*1980 - Shekarau Angyu Masa Ibi Kuvyon II

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Yawuri
bf.1400 Yawuri state founded

Rulers (title Sarkin Yawuri)
... - ... Lafiya II
... - ... Yanazu
... - ... `Umaru Gamdi
... - ... Sulaymana Jerabana
... - ... `Aliyu Lafiya
... - ... Ahmadu Jerabana
... - ... Shu`aybu Madara
... - 1799 Mustafa Gazari
Mar 1799 - Nov 1829 Muhammadu Dan Ayi dan Ahmadu
Jerabana = Albishir
Nov 1829 - Jun 1835 Ibrahimu dan Muhammadu Dan Ayi
Jun 1835 - Mar 1844 Jibrilu Gajeren Sarki dan
Muhammadu Dan Ayi (1st time) (b. ... - d. 1849)
Mar 1844 - Sep 1848 Abu Bakr Jatau dan Mustafa Gazari (b. ... - d. 1848)
Sep 1848 - 1849 Jibrilu Gajeren Sarki dan
Muhammadu Dan Ayi (2nd time) (s.a.)
1849 - Sep 1850 Ya`quba dan Jibrilu Gajeren Sarki
Sep 1850 - Jan 1871 Sulaymanu Dan Addo dan Ibrahimu (b. ... - d. 1871)
Jan 1871 - Jan 1888 `Abd Allahi Gallo dan Muhammadu
Dan Ayi (b. 18... - d. 1888)
Jan 1888 - Feb 1904 `Abd Allahi Abarshi dan `Ali
dan Yerima (b. 18... - d. 1904)
Feb 1904 - Jun 1915 Jibrilu dan `Abd Allahi Abarshi
1915 - Mar 1923 `Aliyu dan `Abd Allahi
(regent to 1917)
1923 - 1955 `Abd Allahi dan Jibrilu (b. 1901 - d. 1955)
1955 - 19.. Muhammad Tukur dan `Abd Allahi (b. 1923)
*1995* S.Y. Abashi
*2000 - Muhammad Zayyanu

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Zamfara
bf.1200 Zamfara state founded
1764 - 1804 state suppressed by Gobir

Rulers (title Sarkin Zamfara)
... - ... `Usuman dan Muhammadu na Makaka
*1715* Babba dan Muhammadu na Makaka
17.. - 17.. Ya`qubu dan Babba
17.. - 17.. Jirau dan Babba
17.. - 1734 Faskare dan Ya`qubu
1734 Babba dan Jirau
1734 - 1739 Ya`qubu dan Faskare
1739 - 1741 Gigama dan Ya`qubu
1741 - 1748 Malo dan Ya`qubu
1748 - 1754 Gado dan Gigama
1754 - 1764 Maroki dan Malo
1804 - 1805 Dan Bawa dan Gado
1805 - 1815 Abarshi dan Maroki
1815 Fari dan Maroki
1815 - 1824 Dan Bako dan Abarshi
1824 Dan Gado dan Abarshi
1824 - 1825 `Abdu Tukudu dan Fari
1825 - 1829 `Abdu Fari dan Abarshi
1829 - 1853 Abu Bakar Bawan Adam dan Dan Bako
1853 - 1877 Muhammadu Dan Gigala dan Dan Bako
1877 - 1896 Hasan dan Muhammadu Dan Gigala
1896 - 1899 Muhammadu Farin Gani dan Abi Bakar
Bawan Adam
1899 - 1904 `Abd Allahi Gado dan Muhammadu
Dan Gigala
1904 - 1916 `Abdu Caccabi dan Muhammadu
Dan Gigala
1916 - 1928 Muhammadu Katar dan Hasan
1928 - 1946 Muhammadu Fari dan Muhammadu
Farin Gani
16 Sep 1946 - 19.. Ahmadu Barmo dan Maynassara
- Zamfara Zurmi -
1976 - 2002 Muhammadu Maynassara (b. ... - d. 2002)
12 Mar 2002 - Atiku Dangalatima
- Zamfara Anka -
1993 - Muhammad Attahiru Ahmad

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Zaria
bf.1200 Zazzau state founded
31 Dec 1808 Zazzau state superseded by Zaria, a Fulbe jihad state
Note: The rulers of Zaria belong to four lineages of the ruling dynasty: Bornawa, Katsinawa, Malawa, Sulibawa; the lineage is indicated by its initial in [ ].
Rulers (title Sarkin Zazzau)
1696 - 1701 Bako III dan Musa
1701 - 1703 Ishaq
1703 - 1704 Burema II Ashakuka
1704 - 1715 Bako IV dan Sunkuru
1715 - 1726 Muhamman dan Gunguma
1726 - 1733 Uban Bawa
1733 - 1734 Muhamman Gani
1734 Abu Muhammadu Gani
1734 - 1737 Dan Ashakuka
1737 - 1757 Muhamman Abu III
1757 - 1759 Bawo
1759 - 1764 Yunusa
1764 - 1767 Ya`qub
1767 - 1773 `Aliyu
1773 - 1779 Cikkoku
1779 - 1782 Muhamman Mai Gamo
1782 - Nov 1806 Ishaq Jatau
Nov 1806 - 31 Dec 1808 Muhammad Makau dan Ishaq Jatau
Rulers (title Malam)
31 Dec 1808 - 17 May 1821 Malam Musa ibn Muhammad [M]
Jun 1821 - Se/Oc 1835 Yamusa ibn al-Hajji [B]
Emirs (also styled Sarkin Zaria and Sarkin Zazzau)
Oc/No 1835 - 18 Dec 1846 `Abd al-Karim ibn `Abbas [K]
6 Jan 1847 - 28 Feb 1847 Hammada ibn Yamusa [B]
15 Apr 1847 - Apr 1854 Muhammad Sani ibn Yamusa [B]
Apr 1854 - Dec 1854 Sidi `Abd al-Qadir ibn Musa [M]
Jan 1855 - 5 Aug 1856 `Abd as-Salam ibn Muhammad Ka'i [S]
21 Sep 1856 - Oc/No 1870 `Abd Allah ibn Hammada [B]
(1st time)
22 Nov 1870 - Jn/Jl 1873 Abu Bakr ibn Musa [M] (b. ... - d. 1873)
Au/Se 1873 - No/De 1878 `Abd Allah ibn Hammada [B]
(2nd time)
26 Dec 1878 - Jan 1888 Muhammad Sambo ibn `Abd al-Karim
[K]
Jan 1888 - 13 Feb 1897 `Uthman Yero ibn `Abd Allah [B] (b. ... - d. 1897)
17 Apr 1897 - Mar 1903 Muhammad Lawal Kwassau ibn `Uthman
Yero [B]
Mar 1903 - 8 Apr 1903 Sulayman
(regent; acting from 11 Sep 1902 for
suspended Muhammad Lawal Kwassau)
8 Apr 1903 - 9 Nov 1920 `Ali ibn `Abd al-Qadir [M] (b. ... - d. 1924)
1920 - 1924 Dallatu ibn `Uthman Yero [B]
1924 - 1936 Ibrahim ibn Muhammad Lawal Kwassau
[B] (b. ... - d. 1936)
1937 - Aug 1959 Malam Ja`far ibn Ishaq [B] (b. 1891 - d. 1959)
Sep 1959 - 4 Feb 1975 Muhammad al-Amin ibn `Uthman [K] (b. ... - d. 1975)
11 Apr 1975 - Shaykh Idris ibn `Uthman
= Shehu Idris [K] (b. 1936)