The coming of colonialism to Nigeria at the beginning of the 20th century marked a change and therefore a point of departure from many aspects of religious and ceremonial practices of the indigenous population.
In the southern part of Nigeria, wood carving of all kinds is predominant because of the availability of wood in the forest region. The Yoruba, Edo, lgbo and Ibibio/Annang are among the great producers of wood items that are found in most parts of Nigeria.
The other factor which affects the distribution and making of crafts is religion. It is believed that decorative work arid embroidery are popular in the Northern parts of Nigeria because the predominant religion, Islam, forbids representational arts such as is found in sculpture. This has given rise to excellent embroidery work and decorations which have been applied to the Hausa cap, skull cap, leather goods and calabashes.