Historical Development: Zamfara State derived its name from Zamfarawa, a traditional appellation by which the people of
State House Of Assembly, Gusau
Anka, former headquarters of the ancient Zarnfars Empire, were called Zamfara State was one of the states created on 1st October, 1996 by Genera Sani Abacha, the then Nigerian Head of State.
The emergence of Zamfara into statehood brought to an end one of the longest, unrelenting and tortous agitations, which began even before and continued after the Jihad of Shehu Usmanu Danfodiyo. The agitation also persisted through the colonial era to the tail end of the twentieth century.
Carved out of Sokoto State, the State at inception had 12 Local Government Areas (LGAs), namely Anka, Bakura Bungudu, Bukkuyum, Gusau, Kaura Namoda Talata Mafara, Maradun, Tsafe, Zurmi, Gummi anc Maru. Currently, there are 14 LGAs with the ere ation of Shinkafi and Birnin Magaji LGAs. Located between latitudes 10°50'N anc 13°38'N. and longitudes 4°16'E and 7°13'E, the State covers a land area of 38,418sq. km. It is bounded to the North by Sokoto State, Kebbi and Niger States to the southwest, Kaduna State to the South East and Katsina to the East.
Administrative Areas: The state has LGAs, with Gusau as the State capital as well a: the headquarters of the Gusau LGA.
Cotton Sales Depot, Gusau
As at 1999 there were 147 electoral wards, twentysix states and seven Federal constituencies and three senatorial districts. Conscious of the importance of tradi tional authority, the former Military Administrator, Lt Colonel Jibril Bala Yakubu, created five Emirate and 11 new District Councils.
The Emirates are Anka, Gusau, Kaura Namoda, Gummi and Talat; Mafara; with the Emir of Anka, a first class Emir, a; the Chairman of Zamfara State Council of Chiefs The other four are second class Emirs. However the chiefs of Zurmi, Bungudu, Bukkuyum and Tsaf are currently third class chiefs. An attempt is currently under way to increase the number of Emiratt Councils in the State. All the Emirs and Chiefs plan an advisory role to the State Government.