Educational Facilities: Osun State belongs to the category of states
perceived as Educationally advantaged. Many of the indigenes attend institutions
both within and outside the state. There are 324 nursery and primary schools,
1,200 public primary schools, twentyfive private secondary schools, 334 public
secondary schools, three Science Schools, two State and one Federal Technical
Colleges , three Polytechnics and Colleges of Technology, two Colleges of Education,
one Federal University and 303 Koranic schools.
The distribution of the Schools by local government is as shown in Table 29.3.
There are also more than fiftythree Continuing Education Centres approved to
improve the quality of education available to Secondary School students and
Health Facilities: The state places much emphasis on health care for
its citizens, in terms of both primary healthcare and higher order medical care.
Health facilities in the state are provided by the federal, state and local
governments as well by the private sector. Table 29.2 shows the distribution
by Health Care type of facilities in the State.
There are three teaching hospitals located at lleife, Osogbo and llesa. Other
minor federal health facilities are at Okuku and lmesille. The minor Federal
Hospitals provide ample opportunities for research and teaching for the Obafemi
Awolowo University Medical School.
There are six state hospitals each in Ede South, lfelodun, lfe Central, llesa,
lwo and Osogbo Local Government Areas. Also, there are six General Hospitals
located in lfe North, lla, llesha West, Irewole and two in Oriade Local Government
In order to facilitate the equitable distribution of health facilities in
the State, thirtyseven Secondary Health Care Centres are located in many urban
and rural communities in the State. At the local government level, there are
more than 600 Primary Health Care Units located in all the Local Government
Areas in the State (see Table 29. 2).
Water Supply: The main sources of water sup ply in the state are by
impounding dams and by construction of weirs on the major river systems at Osun,
Erinie, Otin and Ayiba. The weirs are at Inisa, Okuku, and Oyan on Otin River.
The dams are lwo dam on River Ayiba, Esa Odo dam on River Osun, and lla dam
on River lsunmi.
The Ede/Osogbo water scheme accounts for more than fifty percent of the total
design capacity and actual production level of all the water schemes in the
state. The scheme serves several towns and villages in the state. There are
more than 800 bore holes, sunk in many parts of the state, by both Government
and UNDPassisted Programmes in the state.
Communications: There are three major postal centres in the state, located
at Osogbo, lle lfe and llesa. Under the Osogbo centre, are ten Post Office Headquarters
with several post offices and postal agencies under them. Under the llesa and
lleife General Post Offices are four Post Office headquarters, each also with
many post offices and postal agencies under it.
There are about twenty major Post Offices in the urban centres and more than
150 postal agencies in the medium and small size settlements in the state. Telecommunication
facilities are available in few towns in Osun State. The towns with Standard
Trunk Dialling (STD) are Osogbo (035) which shares the same code with lkirun,
Ede and Iragbiji and lleife with STD 036, which shares the facility with llesa.
lwo is tied to lbadan (022).
Telephone radio link facilities are used in llaOrangun and lgbajo. It must
be noted that many local govern ment headquarters are still without telephone
services. This often results to ineffective and poor infor mation flow in the
Transport: Osun State is served by both public and private sector transport.
In the public sector, the state has a Mass Transit Company. Some LGAs are also
involved in the Federal Assisted Mass Transit Programme. Private operators,
in addition, provide transport services both between and within the main towns
Interstate transport services are also provided along the major routes that
pass through and link the state to others in the country. The state is connected
to the national Trunk A road system. Examples are the lbadanlleife, OsogboAjasepo,
llesaAkure Federal roads. The western section of the national railway system
passes through some towns that are locat ed in the state, notably Ede and Osoqbo.
Tourism and Recreation: Osun state contains tourist assets and monuments
as well as opportunities for recreation, lie lfe, the cradle of the Yoruba race,
is noted for its ancient palace and artifacts. The same is true of the older
towns such as Osogbo, Ede, and llesa.
Other than these monu ments and aitifacts, there are other tourist assets
such as the Erin ljesa water falls, the Osun Osogbo festival and Olojo festival
in lleife. In all, there are seventynine hotels/guest hous es in the State and
154 community centres. Their distribution is shown in Table 29.4. The highest
concentrations are in large urban centres in the state.
Other Infrastructure: The state is well linked with good roads. Osogbo,
the capital of Osun State, is the base of the National Electricity Grid. There
are at least five of 33KV feeders radiating from the Nation's control. The feeders
are considered adequate for industrial and domestic consumption of electricity
in the state.