Geology: Recent coastal deposits occur widely in Lagos State. Also, tertiary beds from the Benin Formation stretch from Calabar in the far east through Lagos state to the borders of Benin Republic in the west. Topographically, Lagos state
LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS IN LAGOS STATE (SINCE OCTOBER 1, 1996)
National Gallery of Nigerian Art, Iganmu
Local Government Area Headquarters Agege Agege ,Ajeromilfelodun Ajegunie Apapa , AmuwoOdofin Festac Town , Alimosho Ikotun , Apapa Apapa ,Badagry Ajara, Badagry , Epe ItamarunEpe , EtiOsa Ikoyi ,IbejuLekki Akodo , lfakoljaye lfakoAgege ,Ikeja Ikeja , Ikorodu Ikorodu , Kosofe Ogudu , Lagos Island Lagos , Lagos Mainland EbuteMetta ,Mushin Mushin , Ojo Ojo , Oshodilsolo Oshodi ,Somolu Somolu, Surulere Surulere.
Lies entirely within the coastal plain which is characterised by sand bars, lagoons and creeks. Only very thin terised by sand bars, lagoons and creeks. The land land on the northern fringe of the state has soils of does not rise very much above sea level anywhere good potential for agriculture. in the state. In addition, steady coastal retreat is occurring in some areas as a result of grandscale
Nigerian Breweries Complex, Iganmu
Climate: Annual rainfall ranges from 1524 beach erosion, 2031mm in the western half of the state to 2032 The rivers, creeks and lagoons in the state ram 2540mm in the eastern half. However, very small ify and join each other in a rather intricate fashion, portions in the extreme west have annual precipitation From the west, the Badagry creek enters from the volumes of 1270mm to 1524mm only.
On the Republic of Benin and it is joined in the north, about whole, the state lies in the southern half of the 24km. from the Nigeria-Benin border, by the Yewa country with over 75 per cent multiple years of pre River. Then comes Ologe Lagoon, looking almost cipitation. The abundance of rainwater makes the like the Caspian Sea in shape. The rest of the state a relatively droughtfree zone in the State is dominated by the Lagos lagoon.
Draining Federation. into the lagoons are numerous streams and rivers Temperatures are generally high in Lagos flowing in from the north, the more important ones State, the mean annual maximum being about 30°C being the Owo, Ogun, SolodeBarre, Owa and (86°F) and the mean annual minimum being of the Osun rivers.
Etiebet's Place, Ikeja
The interconnecting pattern of these order of 23.8°C (75°F). The lowest temperature water bodies creates a large number of islands of occurs at the peak of the rainy season (July). varying sizes. Relative humidity is also high in the state, the consequence of the foregoing is the exisal mean being about 88 percent.
However, the reltence, over most of the state, of swamp lands of low ative humidity is higher in the early hours of the 358morning (710 a.m.) and lower in the afternoon hours (14 p.m.). Wind directions are intimately related to the seasonal positions of the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (I.T.C.Z.) over the country.
During the wet season months, the south west winds prevail as the front moves to the north. But as from October when the front moves south wards, the northeast winds sweep in the dry season. Lagos State, however, experiences predomi nantly southwesterly wind and sea breezes all year round.
Vegetation: Two main vegetation types are identifiable in Lagos State: Swamp Forest of the coastal belt and dry lowland rain forest. The swamp forests in the state are a combination of mangrove forest and coastal vegetation developed under the brackish conditions of the coastal areas and the swamp of the freshwater lagoons and estuaries.
The Indepence Building, Lagos, built in 1960
Red mangrove (sometimes attaining heights of 592m) as well as mangrove shrubs, stiltrooted trees with dense undergrowths and raffia and climb ing palms are characteristic of the swamp forest zone. Of course, on the seaward side of this zone, wide stretches of sand and beaches exist. Although a small amount of pitprops and fuel material emanate from the swamp forest zone in Lagos State, it is of no significance in the lumber economy of Nigeria.
Lying to the north of the swamp forests is the lowland (tropical) rain forest zone. This zone, which stretches from the west of Ikeja through Ikorodu to an area slightly north of Epe has been modified by man. Yet this is the area of the state where such economically valuable trees as teak, tripochiton, seletrocylon (Arere), banclea diderrichil (Opepe) and terminahia (Idigbo) are to be found. The creeks, lagoons and rivers act as arteries which carry huge quantities of logs from outofstate sources to Lagos.
Soils: Lagos State is endowed with very little arable land. Altogether, four soil groups are identi fiable. On the western half of the coastal margin, juvenile soils on recent windborne sands occur. The rest of the coastal area towards the east is cov ered also by juvenile soils on fluviomarine alluvium (mangrove swamp).
Thirdly, a narrow and rather discontinuous band of mineral and/or organic hydromorphic soils occurs in the middle and north erneastern sections of the state. The fourth group, occurring in two rather tiny and discontinuous patches along the northern limits of the state, consists dominantly of red ferrallitic soils on loose sandy sediments.