Historical Development: Kano derived its name from the ancestor of the Abagayawa (the earliest settler), who migrated from Gaya in search of ironstone and chemicals.
Kano State was first created under this name on May 27, 1967, when Nigeria assumed the twelve states structure. Being the most populous state, on August 27. 1991 Jigawa State was excised from it. It is now composed only of Kano Emirate.
Sahel Savannah alongside Irrigated Farmlands
Administrative Areas: With Kano as capital, the state is divided into fortytour local government areas which form twentytour federal constituencies and three senatorial districts.
Administrative Structure: The administrative machinery of the State revolves around the Executive and the Legislature, the local government, and the traditional/customary administration. Kano State is divided into twentytour federal constituencies and three senatorial districts.
Kano has great respect tor tradition. Thus the ward/ham let head (maianguwa), the village head (dagaci), the district head (hakimi), and the Emir at the top of the hierarchy are still actively involved in gover nance. District heads appointed by the Emir after consultation with the Local Governments, and with approval of the state governor, have dual loyalty being responsible to the Emir on traditional matters and to the Local Government Council.
The Emirate Council (EC) has the Emir as the President. Other members of the EC are the traditional Kingmakers, chairmen of Local Governments, and nominated persons who are capable of making useful inputs into the process of decision making. At least nine roles are outlined for the EC.
They are to harmonise the activities of Local Government Councils through the following: discussion of prob lems of common concern; formulation of general proposals as advice to the LG; coordination of the development plans of LG by joint discussion and advise; determination of religious matters.
Giving support for arts and culture; deciding on chieftaincy matters and controlling traditional titles and offices; determination of customary laws and practice; and deliberating, making representation and expressing opinions to government and other organisations on anv matter of imoortance to the Emirate identified by, or brought to the EC, by the local government or other organisations.
Since 1963, the Emirate Council has been headed by Alhaji Ado Bayero, the 56th Emir since Bagauda and 13th in the Fulani dynasty. A true patriot, tolerant, peace loving and father of all, he has in the face of modern developments assumed the role of the custodian of his people's cultural heritage, that of the votary of traditional knowledge and authority, and a compromising cat alyst between old and new ways."