African Government, Government of Nigeria, Economy of Africa

TRENDING:
 

Geological Background


By

S. W. Petters

INTRODUCTION

Geology, the study of rocks, minerals and the physical make-up of the solid earth, determines the environment and natural resources and, thence also, the industrial potentials and wealth of a nation. After climate, geological factors exert, perhaps, the greatest impact on economic activities, since soils, water supply and vegetation are, to a large extent, influenced by the nature of the underlying bedrock.

The vast ocean margin that borders Nigeria to the south; the intricate drainage systems that sculpture the physical landscape; the mountainous eastern frontiers; and the wind-swept northern hinterland, with the great plains on the Saharan fringe, are all part of the sur- face geological features that bestow upon Nigeria its unique physical attributes.

It could, perhaps, perplex the ordinary mind that, whereas Nigeria exhibits bewildering cultural diversity, the landscape is a continuum in a seamless physical web that unites the physical entity termed Nigeria, regardless of political differences which are mere human artefact.

For example, the Niger-Benue drainage system, which has, over the long geological period of 55 million years, supplied sediments from the Nigerian hinterland for the construction of the petroleum-rich Niger Delta on the coast, has demonstrated the long-term impact of unifying geological processes in a nation with diver- gent human interests. Economic self-sufficiency is also feasible in Nigeria, where the diversity of rocks and mineral wealth, combined with cheap sources of renewable and non-renewable energy, create an enormous industrial potential.


Geology of Nigeria
•  Geological Background

•  Rock Types

•  Basement Complex

•  Sedimentary Basins

•  The Calabar Flank

•  The Benue Trough

•  The Southern Chad Basin

•  Dahomey Basin

•  Energy Resources and Energy Policy

•  Domestic Energy Scene

•  Propile of Available Energy Resources

•  Coal and Lignite

•  Bituminous Sand

•  Biomass Energy

•  Energy Sources as Industrial Feed Stock

•  Energy Policy

•  Non-Metallic Mineral and Industrial Materials


News Archives...
•  Mohammed Abacha, granted bail, rearrested

•  Robbers as Hawkers? Yes!

•  No Human Heads, No Crown

•  Oluwatosin laid to rest by schoolmates, amid tears

•  Dutch Sends 40 Refugee to Nigeria

•  Nigeria ruling party members demand dictator's son be freed

•  Nigerian president undeterred by impeachment move

•  Nigeria's north undermined by matters of faith


 

 

Email This Page Email this Page Print This Page Printer Friendly

More Articles
•  Land - Nigeria
•  Climate - Nigeria
•  Vegetation
•  National Honours
•  National Symbols
•  Nigerian Drama
•  Nigerian Music - An Overview
•  Evolution of the Nigerian Armed Forces
•  Nigerian Navy
•  Foreign Participation In The Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry
•  Major Multinational Oil Companies Engaged In Joint-Venture Operations In Nigeria
Forums
Discuss " Geological Background "
•  Post/Read Messages
*Onlinenigeria.com assumes no responsibility for any postings