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Nigerian Languages

List of Nigerian Local languages. The number of languages listed for Nigeria is 521. Of those, 510 are living languages, 2 are second language without mother-tongue speakers, and 9 are extinct. (Source: Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.), 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fifteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/.)

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Language Decription
Hasha[ybj] 3,000 (1999 Blench). Nasarawa State, Akwanga LGA, 3 villages: Hashasu, Kusu, and Bwora. Alternate names: Yashi. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Plateau, Western, Southwestern, BRead More
Hausa[hau] 18,525,000 in Nigeria (1991 SIL). Population total all countries: 24,162,000. Spoken as a first language in large areas of Sokoto, Kaduna, Katsina, Kano, Bauchi, Jigawa, Zamfara, Kebbi, and Gombe states. Spoken as a second language in the northern half of Nigeria. Also spoken in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Germany, Ghana, Niger, Sudan, Togo. Alternate names: Hausawa, Haoussa, Abakwariga, Mgbakpa, Habe, Kado. Dialects: Kano, Katagum, Hadejiya, Sokoto, Gobirawa, Adarawa, Kebbawa, Zamfarawa, Katsina, Arewa. Barikanchi is a Hausa pidgin used in military barracks. There is a pidgin or market Hausa. Subdialects of Eastern Hausa: Kano, Katagum, HadejiyaRead More
Hausa Sign Language[hsl] Classification: Deaf sign languageRead More
Hide[xed] 4,000 in Nigeria (2001 SIL). Borno State, Gwoza LGARead More
Hne[juh] 7,000 (1999 Anne Storch). Population includes 6,250 in Gwana area, 750 in Pindiga area. Ethnic population: Much more than 7,000 (1999 Anne Storch). Gombe State, Akko LGA. One dialect is in Pindiga and adjacent villages (Tumu, Kashere, Futuk, Kaltanga), the other in Gwana and adjacent villages (Kasan Dare, Gobirawa, Katagum, Kwaya, Dizi, Digare, Jukon, Konan Kuka, Andamin). Dialects: Pindiga, Gwana. Gwana and Pindiga dialects are intelligible to each other's speakers with difficulty. Close to Wpha, Jiba, Wapan, Jukun Takum, Jibu, but not intelligible with them. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Jukunoid, Central, Jukun-Mbembe-Wurbo, JukunRead More
Horom[hoe] 1,500 (1998 Blench). Plateau State, Bokkos LGA. Alternate names: "Kaleri". Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Plateau, SoutheasternRead More
Huba[hbb] 175,000 (1992). Adamawa State, Hong, Maiha, Gombi, and Mubi LGAs. Alternate names: Kilba, Chobba. Dialects: Luwa. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.2, 2Read More
Hungworo[nat] 20,000 (2003 SIL). Niger State, Rafi LGA, around Kagara and Maikujeri towns. Alternate names: Ngwoi, Nkwoi, Ngwe, Ingwo, Ingwe, Ungwe. Dialects: Lexical similarity 50% to 52% with Kamuku dialects. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Kainji, Western, KamukuRead More
Hun-Saare[dud] 73,000 (1985 Patience Ahmed). Population includes 10,000 outside the traditional area. Kebbi State, Wasagu and Yauri LGAsRead More
Hwana[hwo] 32,000 (1992). Adamawa State, Gombi LGA, and some in Song and Hong LGAs. Alternate names: Hwona, Hona, Tuftera, Fiterya. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.1, EasternRead More
Hya[hya] Tukwri, Shike, Ligwe and Gameta villages. Alternate names: Ghye, Za. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.3Read More
Hyam[jab] 100,000 (1994 UBS). Kaduna State, Kachia and Jema'a LGAs. Alternate names: Ham, Hyamhum, Jabba, Jeba. Dialects: A dialect cluster. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Plateau, HyamicRead More
Ibani[iby] 60,000 (1989 UBS). Rivers State, Bonny. Alternate names: Bonny, Ubani. Dialects: A member of Koin cluster within the Ijo cluster. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Ijoid, Ijo, Eastern, Northeastern, Ibani-Okrika-KalabariRead More
Ibibio[ibb] 1,500,000 to 2,000,000 (1998 B. Connell). Akwa Ibom State, Itu, Uyo, Etinan, Ikot Abasi, Ikono, Ekpe-Atai, Uruan, Onna, Nsit-Ubium, and Mkpat Enin LGAs. Dialects: Enyong, Central Ibibio, Itak, Nsit. Several dialects. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Cross River, Delta Cross, Lower Cross, Obolo, EfikRead More
Ibilo[ibi] 5,000. Edo State, single town of Ibilo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Edoid, North-Central, Edo-Esan-OraRead More
Ibino[ibn] 10,000 (1989 Faraclas). Akwa Ibom State, Uquo-Ibeno LGA. Alternate names: Ibeno, Ibuno. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Cross River, Delta Cross, Lower Cross, Obolo, IbinoRead More
Ibuoro[ibr] 5,000 (1988). Akwa Ibom State, Itu and Ikono LGAs. Dialects: Listed separately in Crozier and Blench 1992. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Cross River, Delta Cross, Lower Cross, Obolo, IbuoroRead More
Iceve-Maci[bec] 5,000 in Nigeria (1990). Cross River State, Obudu LGA. Alternate names: Icheve, Ochebe, Ocheve, Oceve, Utse, Utser, Utseu. Dialects: Maci (Matchi, Oliti, Olithi, Olit, Kwaya, Oliti-Akwaya, Motom, Motomo), Bacheve (Becheve, Bechere, Beheve, Baceve). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, TivoidRead More
Idere[ide] 5,000 (1988). Akwa Ibom State, Itu LGA. Dialects: Listed separately in Crozier and Blench 1992. Probably Central Lower Cross, related to Anaang. Close to Eki (B. Connell 1998). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Cross River, Delta Cross, Lower Cross, OboloRead More
Idesa[ids] 5,693 (2000 WCD). Edo State, Akoko-Edo LGA. Dialects: Related to Oloma. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Edoid, Northwestern, SouthernRead More

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