Ethnic Composition, Languages, Culture and Arts: Katsina is a predominantly Hausa Fulani state. Most people speak only Hausa. A great majority of the people are settled cultivators and traders. But there is a considerable number of nomadic cattle Fulanis, whose males rear livestock, while the females hawk locally prepared fermented milk in towns and villages.
The 16th Century Gobarau Minaret, Kastina
A sizeable number of migrants from southern Nigeria, especially the Yorubas and lgbos, are found and they dwell most ly in towns. There are many traditional cottage/craft industries which produce a wide range of highly qualitative, beautiful and aesthetically important products.
On sallah days, the palaces of Katsina and Daura attract both local and foreign tourists who come to watch the colourful durbar (Mortimore, 1989)
Population Structure and Distribution: According to the 1999 projection of 1991 population census figures, Katsina state has a population of 4,536,261 persons ( Table 20.2). Out of this figure, about 49 per cent are males and 51 percent females.
On the average, there are 189 persons living per square km in terms of the density of population. Seasonal migration takes place, especially of able bodied males in the dry season to the southern part of the state in search of parttime jobs. This is known as cin rani.
In drought years, many more people tend to migrate southwards from the north ern part of the state on either temporary or perma nent basis to avoid the consequence of the drought menace. Indeed, the southern part of the state receives migrants from both within and outside the state.
Patterns of Human Settlement: The state has no problem of urban primacy. The urban, semi urban locations and nodal villages
which more or less approximate to the present headquarters of the thirty-four local government areas are evenly spread and are surrounded by other rural settlements.
These two types of settlements form close knit economic, cultural, administrative and historical inter-relationships. Furthermore, each has a fairly long historical link with Katsina city which has subsequently served as the headquarters of Katsina Emirate, then of Katsina Province, and now the capital of Katsina state.