Posted by Student of Agric Dept. Alvan Ikoku College of Education, Owerri. Tel: 08032350290 on 5/12/2006 8:19:27 PM | Views: 2237 |

Popular Menu

Donald Trump?s Toxic Masculinity How Donald Trump turned Ted Cruz into a laughingstock Joey's Monday Musings: Is Fela Kuti still relevant in this digital age of Nigerian music? Cancellation Of Post Utme, A Blessing To Our Educational System Moms and dads! Porn shall not be our norm Are most Nigerian artists original? BROKEN RIB (AGAINST DIVORCE) How can Nigeria deal with its recession? The Man Who Named His Dog Buhari Nigeria is Ranked No. 1 In Scrabble Understanding Your Shipping Cost SHOPTOMYDOOR INTENDS TO TACKLE DELIVERY CHALLENGES IN AFRICA CORRUPT EFCC BOSS WHO ARRESTED BLOGGER ABUSIDIQU DEMANDS FOR TWO DIRECTORS AS SURETIES TO SET HIM FREE Being Christian shouldn?t make you a bad dresser Gov. Amaechi Tackles Youths Unemployment Should Sports Not Be A Part Of Okonjo Iweala (Entertainment Industry) Economy Diversification Drive Should Sports Not Be A Part Of Okonjo Iweala (Entertainment Industry) Economy Diversification Drive HP Mobile Authentication Helps Protect Customers Against Counterfeits NIGERIA TODAY Ibis Hotel to Extend Equity in Nigeria, Offer Promo to Customers Looting of treasury at the top SUBSIDIES ON PETROL Youthful magnate extends Midas touch to lifestyle mag . OK! Magazine in association with MTN to launch in Nigeria Hon Emeka Ihedioha: Constituency fund Initiated Project and Matters Arising Lamit Cup - Clay Shooting Competition by Lamit Sports File Restore Tool – Capable to Recover Lost Data Nigeria @ 51 VENIVIICI.COM, ONLINE RETAIL STORE TO LAUNCH OCTOBER 1, 2011 CORRUPTION; THE GREATEST CHALLENGE! THE NIGERIA OF MY DREAMS (PART 2). THE NIGERIA OF MY DREAMS (PART 1). THE PRESIDENCY MUST HEAR THIS. The Dying Education And The Unborn Redeemers. PRINCEWILL AND HIS LOVE FOR THE LESS PRIVILEGED IN NIGERIA Ngor/Okpala: A Council Area in Need of Development OK! NIGERIA ANNOUNCES EDITOR-IN-CHIEF THE INFLUENCE OF TELEVISION ON FAMILY INSTITUTION IN NIGERIA For they know not! Solving our poverty and unemployment crises…a Malay-Israeli approach socio economic transformation of nigeria Original Quotes Exposing the menace of counterfeiting Pan African Airlines (Nigeria) Ltd. Signs Agreement to Provide First Class Services Nigerian Authorities Execute Seizure of Fake Printing Supplies for HP Printers celestial church- thy joy of thy lord unto we all How to monitor entire keystrokes using key logger software Governor Rochas: Declare State Of Emergency in State Public Schools Imo State: Dissolution of LGA council and matters arising Imo State: Owelle Rochas Not A Miracle Worker Imo State Government: Save Amala/Ntu Secondary School from Total Rot We welcome you, Nigeria! THE DIVINE MERCY (FREE AUDIO PRAYER) The road to stardom..................No room for mistakes. THE NIGERIA OF MY DREAMS (PART 1) Access important data from formatted hard drive data THE RESILIENCE THAT PAID OFF! Ohakim’s Empowerment Application Form (Per Ward): A Real or False Bait? What will happen to the killers,the muslims in the north? 2011 Imo Gubernatorial Polls: Governor Ohakim Beyond Electorates Redemption Profile of Warisenibo (Hon.) Dakuku Adolphus Peterside April 2011 Polls: Princewill Commends Rivers’s People and Prof. Jega RIVERS GUBER 2011: AMAECHI, SEKIBO OR OMEHIA: WHO IS EASY CHOICE FOR THE RIVERS STATE PEOPLE? Nigeria: Is there any hope for the poorest of the poor? PPA Winds up Door to Door Electoral Campaign Exercise; as Princewill Urges Voters to Convert Overwhelming Support to Physical Votes on Election Dates Hon. Chief Peterside Dakuku and His Triumphant Entry into Andoni Kingdom Hon. Chief Peterside Dakuku and His Triumphant Entry into Andoni Kingdom 2011: THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY TO BE REINVIGORATED AS GOV AMAECHI UNLEASHES HIS FIRST ELEVEN ON THE HAPLESS OPPOSITION IN RIVERS STATE 2011: THE PRINCIPLE OF “ANYA-NELI”, CHIEF BARR. EZEBUNWO NYESOM WIKE AND THE POLITICAL FUTURE OF RIVERS STATE – AN OVERVIEW OF AN INSIDER Have you lost your important files and folders? $5,000,000. interswitch ATM Card ARE AFRICANS RELIGIOUS PEOPLE OR FETISH INHABITANTS? DO THEY HAVE A UNIFYING RELIGION AND CULTURE? TOWARDS A PEDAGOGICAL RESPONSE! part 4 Opobians in Diaspora Drum Support for Hon. Dakuku Peterside ARE AFRICANS RELIGIOUS PEOPLE OR FETISH INHABITANTS? DO THEY HAVE A UNIFYING RELIGION AND CULTURE? TOWARDS A PEDAGOGICAL RESPONSE! Part 3 Port Harcourt rally stampede is heartbreaking - Princewill ARE AFRICANS RELIGIOUS PEOPLE OR FETISH INHABITANTS? DO THEY HAVE A UNIFYING RELIGION AND CULTURE? TOWARDS A PEDAGOGICAL RESPONSE! part 2 ARE AFRICANS RELIGIOUS PEOPLE OR FETISH INHABITANTS? DO THEY HAVE A UNIFYING RELIGION AND CULTURE? TOWARDS A PEDAGOGICAL RESPONSE! part 1 Hon. Dakuku Peterside: The House of Representative Candidate and His Political Movement Nigeria: The Ban on Commercial Motorcyclists Princewill Pays Homage to his Father, Urges Kalabari Natives to Vote for Amaechi Dr. Dawari George: Truth about the House of Representatives candidate It's in you; oh Citizen. Niger/Delta: Militancy or Criminality a Genuine Cause for Agitation? Niger/Delta: Militancy or Criminality a Genuine Cause for Agitation? Inec Urged To Extend Registration Days 2011 Election: The Odd Favors Goodluck Jonathan Over Nuhu Ribadu Praise For Dr Dalhatu Tafida From A Global Group Goodluck Jonathan Triumphs In Pdp Party Primary Online Marketing APGA, WHICH WAY? Atiku Abubakar’s Desperation and His Politics of Entitlement Igbos and the 2011 Elections Goodluck Jonathan Global Campaign Team disappointed over Choice of Atiku as Consensus Candidate Internet usage by country: Nigeria has more per capita internet users than India And They Lived Happily Everafter.... Poll: Jonathan Could Beat Atiku in 2011 PDP Presidential Primaries Goodluck Jonathan Campaign Team Concentrate on Jonathan's Voter Registration Drive U.S. Interests in Nigeria’s Financial Reform Success Global Diaspora CampaignTeam Lauds Dr Dalhatu Tafida contributions towards Dr Goodluck Jonathan 2011 Dr Goodluck Jonathan’s Use of Social Media Campaign WHAT SHOULD CHRISTIAN DO ABOUT THE PLIGHT OF THE POOL IN OUR SOCIETY AND IN OTHER PART OF THE WORLD ARE HOMOSEXUAL CHRISTIANITY GENUINE: SHOULD WE ACCEPT THEM TO CHURCH? WHAT IS CHRISTIAN VIEW ABOUT ABORTION IS THERE ANY HARM IN SEX BEFORE MARRIAGE? IS IT A DIRECTIVE FROM GOD THAT THE CHURCH SHOULD BE SILENT ON POLITICAL AFFIARS? WHAT IS CHRISTIANITY STAND ON RACIAL PREJUDICEAND SECURITY REVENGE? THINKING THROUGH THE REALITY OF MORAL ISSUES IN OUR GENERATION Pornography Use in a Marriage The Question of Love, Sex in Marriage COMPOSITION OF ADULTERY THE MENACE OF SECRET SOCIETIES IN NIGERIA Nigeria @ 50: What happened to the ‘Giant of Africa’? Happy Birthday Nigeria….. CELESTIAL CHURCH OF CHRIST-IMOLE KRISTI DE LATI BA WA GBE NINU IJO MIMO 2011: WHITHER YOUTH CANDIDATES A well fed slave and a hungry free man: who is better the field were glory does not stay (Poem) Beauty and Persnality What I wish I had known before coming to the USA. Hannibal was black In support of Zoning system of government A MESSAGE OF HOPE A MWA SHOULD WE BELIEVE IN GOD ? Undelete data from faulty data storage media LIFE AFTER DIVORCE Kpako Husband CONFIRMED!!! HOW I MADE $250 IN 24HOURS WITH MY LIBERTY RESERVE ACCOUNT IN DEFENCE OKADA MEN PROSTITUTION A SOCIAL MENACE ONE MILLION YOUTH MARCH AT KEBBI FOR WHAT? Why Nigeria Crashed Out of The World Cup failed marriages Open letter to Alhaji Sani Yerima Nurturing Effective and Elective Democracy in Nigeria Death of the zoning system: A muted grief The Niger Delta Question IBB AT YOUR SERVICE EDMARK INTERNATIONAL HAS CHANGED NIGERIANS FINANCIALLY AN ATRIBUTE TO OUR DEAR PERSIDENT tribute to our dear president How ThisDay Newspapers 'Scandalized' President Obama's Nigerian Nominee 2011: What if it is Babangida again? THY GOOD SHERPERD- OLUSHOAGUTAN RERE where to keep your problem This Graveyard called Nigeria The Paedophiles in our midst State of the Nation and a Credible 2011 Elections: Matters Arising Yar’Adua-Jonathan Political Muddle: What Lies Ahead? Dear Bishop Oyedepo Gospel of Wickedness – The Hypocrisy and Falsehood of Helen Ukpabio – Part 2. Gospel of Wickedness – The Hypocrisy and Falsehood of Helen Ukpabio – Part 1. Nigeria Mass Media - The Fourth Estate of Graft LIFE AND TESTIMONY Emenogu, world number four, eyes WBC crown A SEALED PRAYER Life after death Responding to Mr Dodo's letter The Stampede for N4million naira on namywedding,com Illogicality and Absurdities: Open letter to Turai Yar’adua EARTHQUAKE REVIEF MISSION Emmanuel TV Haiti Earthquake Relief Team RELAX… AND ENJOY YOUR WINE. A VITAL TOOLS TO THE WORLD BEHOLD! TB JOSHUA’S NEW MYSTERY LADY The dangers of heterodoxy – Open letter to Evangelist Helen Ukpabio T.B JOSHUA IS NOT BUILDING IN GHANA NIGERIA LEADERSHIP CRISES: THE PAUL DIKE OPTION TB JOSHUA IS GREECE'S BIGGEST THREAT IN SA WORLD CUP – GREEK NATIONAL NEWSPAPER A later to my brothers and sisters! HAITI and NIGERIA: Case studies in failure of Human Management of natural resources. The End of Plenty: Nigeria’s “Malthusian Curse” A Letter to the America President from a Nigerian Why I Will Not Support Prof. Chukwuma Soludo Barack Obama: Man of the Year 2009 Labyrinth of Leadership: Nigeria’s Peculiar Mess (penkelemesi) studying abroad is not a child`s play Nigeria, Niger Delta Violence and the Biafra Connection: A Political Discourse By Chris Onyema The Parody of Nigerian Education and the Alternative Search for Foreign Certificate: Whither the Hope of a Better Future? (Part I) GREAT MEN AND HISTOTRY 2011: Ibrahim Shekarau as President What we must tell the President Nigeria: when is the relieve coming? (2) THE AFRICA CHALLENGE...A Message to the President addressed to the Nigerian Youths at the UNITED NATIONS on Aug 7th 2009 Arabic Inscription or Hausa Verbiage: Between Manipulative Interpretations and Subjective Impulse The Many Faces of Helen Ukpabio Nigeria: When is the relieve coming? The Intrigues of Naming: A Dissectional Response to the ‘Boko Haram’ Butchery The Intrigues of Naming: A Dissectional Response to the ‘Boko Haram’ Butchery Curtailing the excesses of Evangelist Helen Ukpabio Fraud Alert! INTERSWITCH SCAM EMAILS ON THE LOOSE, BEWARE! Who Is TB Joshua's Mentor? THE TRIBAL EMANCIPATION OF NDI IGBO FROM NORTHERN DOMINATION; part 3 Tony Patrick a.k.a. TP-Rhymes Selfless Service Niger Delta Crisis: Nigeria Loses N6, 264 Trillion! MOTHER'S DAY: THE MYTH BEHIND THIS DAY! Withdrawal of Andy Uba's Supreme Court Case Anambra State Political Issues: This Is My Stand (Part II) KA SISE LATI LE RE IJOBA ORUN --- OMO IJO MIMO---CELESTIAL CHURCH OF CHRIST Anambra State Political Issues: This Is My Stand Dividends Of Unemployment Mental Colonialism RE: REBRANDING NIGERIA IMAGE PROJECT; WE ALL MUST SUPPORT AND CONTRIBUTE TOWARDS A TRIBAL EMANCIPATION OF NDI IGBO FROM NORTHERN DOMINATION-Part 2 Anambra State and The One-Term Governor Syndrome (Part II) i miss her sorry baby Make Quick Money with less Stress VISION 2020 AND NIGERIA'S ECONOMY, THE WAY FORWARD Satellite Internet Access Lamit Company launches a new network solution for improving the internet connection A-Z of Cyber Fraudsters & Preventive Tips We dont have ambbasador in China but a foolish goat GOODNESS IN MAN. WORDS WRITTEN IN BLOOD THE LOVE BETWEEN OBJ AND ATIKU Some Articles deserve not to be published. Obama: The President With Many Firsts Our Ambassador in china is very stupid What can be done about being Nigerian? TOWARDS A TRIBAL ENMACIPATION OF NDI IGBO FROM NORTHERN DOMINATION- Part 1 Burden Of Proof In Election Petitions We Know The Way Their Racism, Our Tribalism LEGITIMATE AND ILLEGITIMATE WORRY YOU ARE TIMELESS TO ME. Why I Want McCain To Win How Race Colors American Presidential Election Nigeria, afer the Beijing games. Do we ever have a Government? Help Nigerians in China out b4 too late. BIG TROUBLE FOR NIGERIANSIN CHINA Nigeria@48 Wake-up Nigeria 1ST NIGERIAN GERMAN SECURITY CONFERENCE 2008 ABUJA BETWEEN PHYSICIANS AND THEIR FATALLY WOUNDED PATIENTS THE SOCIAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL FUNCTION OF LANGUAGE FOREIGN NATIONALS USING NIGERIAN PASSPORTS MODERN MAN AND SCIENTIFIC SOPHISTICATION IN THE THIRD MILLENNIUM "ONWA ASATO' OR "ILO MUO" FESTIVAL IN NRI MARITAL TRAGEDIES AMONG NIGERIANS IN DIASPORA (PART I) war aganist women HOW OBAMA CAN WIN IN NOVEMBER TAX EVASSION IN LAGOS? FATHERHOOD AND FAMILY FROM A GERMAN PERSPECTIVE MEMO TO NIGERIAN WOMEN/WIVES RE: ABORTION IS A SACRIFICE TO THE DEVIL. ELECTION RIGGING BY ANOTHER NAME MY CELESTINE UKWU'S 'IJE ENU' MEMORIES WHY I SERVED AND WHY I LEFT THE NIGERIAN ARMY THE NATURE AND FORMS OF FREE MASONRY: ITS HISTORICAL ORIGIN, FRATERNITY AND THRUST FATHERHOOD AND FAMILY FROM A LATINO PERSPECTIVE THE WORLD IN PRESENT EZINNE CELEBRATION: A CHALLENGE TO THE DIGNITY OF AFRICAN MOTHERHOOD AND FAMILY LIVING WITH TEENS & YOUTHS ITS TIME TO BE REAL AND RELEVANT TOJU ISE RE,OMO IJO MIMO MUCH ADO ABOUT EXECUTIVE IMMUNITY RE: MBADINUJU'S TRAVAILS How Eke, Oye, Afor and Nkwo Market Days Were Introduced In Igboland. DADDY, I AM YOUR DAUGHTER. Prepare for Success It is an insult to call Obama black Why is it that African leaders are seduced by the sacrosanct monster? FATHERHOOD AND FAMILY FROM AN ASIAN PERSPECTIVE Western Architecture versus Tropical Architecture: Why you shouldn't import your house plan from Europe/America FATHERHOOD FROM AFRICAN PERSPECTIVE MBADINUJU'S TRAVAILS SUDANESE PLANE CRASH: A CHALLENGE TO AFRICAN AVIATION INDUSTRIES Intrigues: The Nigeria Supreme Court and the Rotimi Amaechi's Judgment IGU ARO NDI IGBO Invitation to attend Harris Phillips' highly subsidized seminars for June and July 2008 ATTEND FREE SEMINARS TILL THE END OF JUNE!!! Anambra State: On the Road to Greatness ANAMBRA STATE: ON THE ROAD TO GREATNESS ABSENT FATHERS: Its Impact on the Family PHCN IS KILLING PEOPLE IN BOLORUNPELU TOWN IKOTUN LAGOS NIGERIA Letter to my friend oversea Major Bid To Internationalize Nigerian Contemporary Poetry. YES, NIGERIAN WRITINGS TODAY ARE RUDDERLESS Professor Tony Afejuku of the Department of English, University of Benin, a poet, critic and an activist, once said in an interview with a Nigerian newspaper (Vanguard), that Nigerian writings today are rudderless. NIGERIAN PRESIDENT'S CHIEF PUBLICIST DEVISES CREDIBILITY RUBBISHING SCHEME FATHERHOOD: HISTORICAL, SOCIOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE The Obasanjo Years of Locust (1999 To 2007) is our Collective Guilt UPSURGE ON ONLINE PUBLISHING IN NIGERIA PROFILE AND POETRY OF COMRADE CHIDI ANTHONY OPARA Niger Delta Conference!!!! Celestial Church Of Christ Celestial Church Of Christ Celestial Church Of Christ human right New Energizer on the Block NOT TOO YOUNG Andy Uba's Anambra State Governorship Delusions (Part II) Obama's Historic Speech: A Critical Analysis Andy Uba's Anambra State Governorship Delusions Why We Serve In the United States Military Undeserved end of late Julius Usigbe Substance Abuse Among Single Mothers (2) Fatherhood and family IS THERE A GLOBAL MARKET FOR USED GOODS FROM THE UNITED STATES? Towrds saving lives and safer roads Towaards Whither went the Super Eagles? Substance Abuse among Single Moms:Toward a psychological and Emotional Approach Ladies Shoes, Ladies Boots, Cheap Shoes Online THE GROWING INFLUENCE AND ACTIVITIES I came, I saw, and I conquered SHARIA AS AN OPTION IN KANO Nation EVERYDAY USHERS IN A REASON FOR US TO BE HOPEFUL. BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY(Do You Have The Courge To succeed) TRIBUTE TO CYPRIAN EKWENSI DWELLING IN THE SECRET PLACE OF THE LORD ABOUT EJIKE OGBONNAYA WE NEED THIS KIND OF PERSON IN THIS WORLD BREAKING NEWS! Kebbi Gubernatorial Election Nullified Says FRCN, Kaduna THERE IS A BATTLE CALLED LIFE "Succeeding successfully" Equal opportunity Bald Men Need Natural Hair Care Products Too! How to save your hair and your valuable time removing Fusion, Braids, Weaves, Hair Extensions and Dreadlocks! Laugh your ribs out. Call this comedian STOP AUTHORITY STEALING GROUP PLANS EPIC FILM ON AWO, TWENTY YEARS AFTER HIS DEATH ''PILLAR''OF CORRUPTION! The great cabals NFA: Retain Eaglets, Tella EFCC, the rule of law and the rest of us LESSONS FROM THE GOLDEN EAGLETS SUCCESS IN KOREA 2007 CELESTIAL-TO O WO,KO SI RI PE, RERE NI OLUWA THE LORD IS CALLING US TO HEAR HIS VOICE,ALL THAT TRUST IN HIM FG Policy On Cement : Letter To The President Standardizing Nigerian States' Official Internet Domain Names love NO BODY!SHOULD PUT PROF.SOLUDO ON HOLD NIGERIA GOVERNMENT MUST SHOW NIGERIANS WAY FORWARD SERAH OGECHI ONYEACHOR DIRECTS HER FIRST MOVIE IN HOLLYWOOD AT THE AGE OF 20 NO JUSTICE FOR THE POOR IN NIGERIA THE IGBO MARGINAL MAN Guides for Nigerians in Diaspora when building your house back home. 10 Alternatives to Oil, 10 Keys to National Prosperity 1 New Diaspora Niger Delta Magazine TWO LAWS IN NIGERIA,THE RICH AND THE POOR! Where is the Love/ THE PUSUIT OF SUCESS IN AMERICA Niger Delta Militancy: A poor man's curse Las Vegas Weather The lost old sermon of those days. Knowledge Management PRESIDENT YAR'ADUA NEEDS TO DEAL-WITH INTRIQUES AND POWER-PLAY WE NEED A CHANGE IN OUR SOCIETY TO STOP THE TERIFYING PAINS OF OUR FUTURE MOTHERS IN NIGERIA AND ALL OVER AFRICA (''CIRCUMCISION'') INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY GROWTH IN ETHIOPIA 7 ways to choose an effective career IS ABORTION REALLY MURDER? EFCC ACTIONS China/Africa relation, a new hide and seek. YAR'ADUA NEEDS TO BE CAREFUL OF GENERAL OBASANJO!! AMEN FOUNDATION CATARACT SURGERIES FOR LAGOS STATE Housa man and police officer The godfathers red eyes 30 days in power The go-slow president The cop and the chop Something to ponder Never again I will miss Obasanjo THE ROOT OF REALITY: IN SUPPORT OF MILITANCY Ka sowo po, ka sowo po, Pelu ife mimo King Ogbidi Okojie of Uromi OBASANJO IS STILL RULING NIGERIA NIGERIA WILL BE GREAT AGAIN THE ANATOMY'S SECRET PRINCIPLES OF SUCCESS Nigerias Post 2007 Elections: A Time for Healing Process and National Reconciliation Majors Offered at Rochville University Rochville University Nigeria as Nigerians are the happiest people in the world 19,May 2007.Fear of safety Port Harcourt Nigeria:Bari-arakpalap Esan Youth Rebirth Movement Appeal for the Release of Hostages! Ghana Beckons! Nigeria Rebirth NIGERIAN ELECTORAL PROCESS: DIM LIGHT AT THE END OF THE TUNNEL Nigeria and same sex bills Nigeria and Choices 2007 Between Babalakins Airport Terminal and Dukes Tinapa Nigerias Drug War: Dora Akunyili A Champion at home and abroad They can do much better the Exodus of Corruption Purposeful Living /What on ewarh are you here for ?!! Discussions on Nigeria 1 Success Series 1 yoruba movies IGBALA DE LONI FUN GBOGBO ENYIN IJO -MIMO The Rivers of Our Dream: Commentary Combating Corruption Corruptly: The Nigerian Experience OMO IJO MIMO (CELESTIAL CHURCH OF CHRIST ) RONUPIWADA What a shameless people?What a shameless country? Africas Political &Economic liberation BEYOND THEIR ANTICS Group swipes at Opponents of Omehia, says he is the right candidat Omehia's Candidature - A Blessing to PDP... CGG DRAMATIC IRONIES home away from home A TERRIBLE BEAUTY THE NIGER_DELTA: A CRADLE OF VIOLENCE MEND vs. POLICE ONSLAUGHT In Defense Of The Outcast One Dishonesty in Census: what's The Upper Limit? IN DEFENCE OF SANGUINARY GODS The relevance of emotional intelligence in business Why the nice men hurts everybody Malleable pornography is a poison to Youth morals Bringing back life into the family Preventing violent behaviour in children DEVELOPING AN APPEALING LOOK Superior should not count people but count on people CELESTIAL MEMBERS ARE U READY TO MEET JESUS ----IF SO--THIS IS WHAT IS REQUIRED FOR U CELESTIAL MEMBERS TO DO-LISTEN TO HIM-GOD ALMIGHTY THE BRUTAL KILLING,TORTURE AND ARREST OF BIAFRAINS WORD OF THE LORD FOR CELESTIAL MEMBER TO LEARN FROM ABOUT THE LORD MARGINALISATIO OF IGBO RACE AND THE STRUGGLE FOR THE SOVEREIGN STATE OF BIAFRA. What If You And Your Friend Love The Same Person? Tell Your Partner Why You Love Them. Love - Can You Change Your Partner? TAIWO AKINKUNMI- AN HERO WITHOUT HONOR Happy New Year!- Let It Go For 2007... Desparity against the nigeria woman Desparity in judgement Desparity against todays nigeria wo osa mwen na ramwen LIFE SAVING INFORMATION FULFILL YOUR PROMISE LAGOS NA WA!!! New Thing in Nkanu land HEALTH CARE FOR THE POPULACE Tears Of My People oba of lagos Lest We Forget: Lest we forget: Challenging the Heart of Africa Project CELESTIAL CHURCH OF CHRIST-- 0R0 OLUWA KO SI YIN Gen. Buhari is the best choice for Nigeria in 2008 ANALYTICAL DISCOURSE ON THE NIGERIAN WOMAN THE EAGLES GATHER FOR IBB NIGERIA - THE PEOPLE AND THE LEADERS IJO MIMO-- THE WAY FORWARD-CHRIST IS THE HEAD OF THE CHURCH GOVERNOR DONALD DUKE: SAINT OR SINNER? Glory Emeh and RSG Aviation Fraud WHO CORRUPTED THE PUBLIC SERVICE? FASCISM: THE EKITI EXAMPLE THE FESTAC WE ONCE KNEW Nigeria Triple 'C' Syndrome: Diagnositic Appraisal of our Body Polity The Value of Friend, they worth more than you realize? Role Models: Who and Why are you imitating? Overcoming Shyness All about Bliss and why its not a good Idea Deregulation of morality No Visible Alternative Leadership for 2007 - Nigerians in the Diaspora Declares Politics in High Places: Aberant of the Mainstream Opportunity Cost of $125 Million PTDF Fund: Forgone Conclusion Sanctity of Democratic Choice retrenchment NIGERIA LEFT nigerian students' movement who corrupted the public service Nigerian Independence Day Celebration in The Hague. ABC Health Guide for Nigerians Travelling to the U.K DININE TUNR ARUND Ghana Beckons!! thank you ohafia-agba A day with Adewale Ayuba Governor Idris has donewell but people still lay complains War Against Terror - UK Prime Minister, Tony Blair Speaks on Terrorism in Niger Delta NIGERIANS NEED A KEGITE LEADER AS THE NEXT NIGERIA PRESIDENT KEGITES MEMBERS DECLARED SHAME Nigerian Universities In Shambles INFERNO IN ASO VILLA FRIEND' S FAMILY DECONGESTING THE MIND FEAR OF SUCCESS RUMOURS- THE OFFICE VIRUS PAYING ATTENTION TO THE OTHER SIDE WHAT IS THE PROBLEM WITH THESE PUBLIC OFFICERS Introducing LBE HelpDesk the serenity of the niger delta; a review commissioner's sack; why hon. Ambaowei must stay endless tears of niger delta : poems post-UME screening: matters arising Bayelsa as an educational brand Quality E-Books and Softwares with Master Resale Rights the nigerian girl making waves in the uk for her continent! Quality E-Books and Softwares with Master Resale Rights The Future of Immigration in the West ACHIEVERS ARE DREAMERS celestial church of christ pillarand the ground of truth--1tim,3-14-15 Adeyinka Makinde, author of Dick Tiger, interviewed on Global Talk Radio A superlative performance- our heroine on the world stage A day with Olusesan Ekisola pioneer GM, Raypower THE KALEIDOSCOPE OF PRINCE TONYE PRINCEWILL Ma sise lo, ma se wa isimi COOPERATING WITH COLONIAL COOPERATION. NA WA FOR YABA MARKET. Difference between Online Education VS. Traditional Education Divergent Perspectives on the Niger Delta Question Black Prime Minister Not In My Lifetime Declares UK First Black Female Parliamentarian, Diane Abbott Private Soldier Lectures Nigerian Commander-in-Chief UK Prime Minister speaks out on terrorism in Africa Addressing Nigeria's Economic Problems and the Islamist Terrorist Threat Obasanjo pls we need your attention. Lets Make Nigeria Great THE BAD EGGS OF THE NIGERIAN FOOTBALL ASSOCIATION RE: Obasanjo: Nigerians ll Decide My Successor we are one in christ-celestial member--LOVE- IS THE WORD AND WORSHIP IS THE WAY;- THE CYBER INVESTIGATOR PART 1 CHIEF AUDU OGBE IN RETROSPECT Interview Transcript of appearance on 'Garvey's Children' Boxing: Rousing the Nigerian Giant THE APATHY OF FREE MEN AND THE CONSPIRACY OF SILENCE THE NIGER-DELTA: A CRADLE OF VIOLENCE Interview Transcript of appearance on 'Just About Books' Remembering Rex Lawson THIRD TERM: THE COLOSSAL FAILURE OF A BAD IDEA; AN INVESTIGATION NEEDS TO BE CONDUCTED TO SEE WHO GOT WHAT AND WHY. THE NEXT GOVERNMENT HAS A FIDUCIARY DUTY TO CONDUCT AND INVESTIGATION INTO EFFORTS TO ABROGATE OUR CONSTITUTION; LET THE CHIP FALL WHEREEVER discuss the development of fishey in nigeral Tetuila thrills America CALL FOR GENDER EQUALITIES!!! GOD BLESS NNAMANI Beyond Third Term: The untold story... EMOTIONS AND LOVE AFFAIRS cry of help THE NEW AFRICAN ORDER - The times, they are a-changing We must Stop the Government The Iran Question and Nigeria DISCUSS IN DETAILS THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA FROM THE COLONIAL ERA TO THE PRESENT DAY, POINTING OUT CLEARLY ALL AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMMES. The worrisome Lagos-Ibadan traffic Hope for Niger Delta Conference on CURBING YOUTH RESTIVENESS IN THE NIGER DELTA Held on the 29th April 2006 in Rotterdam, The Netherlands. I want your comments The Ambush of Ambition SAY NO TO OBJ THIRD TERM BID internet secrets to money making LET UNITE AND WORSHIP THE TRUE GOD TOGETHER MEMBERS OF (C.C.C.)WORLDWIDE THE NIGERIA POLICE: VICTORS OR VILLAINS THIRD TERM SYNDROME THE IMMINENT DEATH OF A NATION The Messiah illusions of 'scramble democrats' Beyond elections: Niger Delta in perspective Ngige, welcome home from great conquest AFTER THE BATTLE WHAT NEXT Wake up Nigeria The Delta Murder At Dawn Jelili Omotola (1941-2006) In Amsterdam, Nigerian deportee help up our flight for one hour THE WORLD'S NUMBER 1 BLACK BOOK! NIGER DELTA/SLAVE COAST = GARDEN OF EDEN= BLACK PROGRESS? African Union Defined THE DOUBLE VICTIMS OF DEPRAVITY Constitutional Review Obasanjo sliding into a pariah? A Dream of Nigeria: Critical Published Essays 2002 To 2005 Ali Farka Toure (1939-2006) AFRICA - AMERICA DOUBLE STANDARD RELATIONSHIP The Witch of Web-design, the Young Humanitarian and the Scientific-poetic Soul Conference Annoucement!!!!!! Third Term Dilemma A heart for HIV orphans Niger Delta: The Need for Immediate and Urgent International Intervention Ritual Taste In Nigeria. THE NIGER DELTA: A TERRIBLE BEAUTY A TIME TO KILL CRAZY MORALITIES THIRD TERM AGENDA??? THIRD -TERM AGENDA: ANOTHER MANIFESTATION OF THE ELITES' RECURRING CONSPIRACY Do Sumthing! International THE SCANDALOUS ADVOCATES FOR THIRED TERM THE SCANDALOUS ADVOCATES FOR TERM LATELY I HAVE BEEN STARING AT THE MIRROR MOURINHO SHOULD LEARN HOW TO ACCEPT DEFEAT Speech by M. Dominique de Villepin, Minister of Foreign Affairs, to the United Nations Security Council, New York 19.03.2003 NIGERIA AND RELIGIOUS INTOLERANCE. Where is our toil? (a poem) Sorrowful tale (A poem) The beauty and lure of cultism A bad man with good intentions Waltz into darkness Diatribe ans counter diatribe Nigeria: The holocaust agenda The principle of 'chop chop' politics Project Nostradamus The imminent death of a nation The Contenders: Illusions of genuine betrayal Adieu Nigeria Nigeria: Evaluation of the year 2005 Why do we hate him? The Politics of Higher Education UNIONIZING THE NIGERIA POLICE FORCE: THAT THE QUESTION BE NOW PUT So Tafa Balogun is a free man? Words of Wisdom CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT, NOT SOVEREIGN NATIONAL CONFERENCE, IS PATHWAY TO A REFORMED POLITY What has happened to America's Jesus? Insights of Accreditation Six Things Africans Living Abroad Must Note! BEKO IS DEAD: Ace activist succumbs to death after recent battle with ill-health: Soyinka Sad. Row over govt support for Abubakar in U.S. suit by Enahoro, others Your need regarding Online Education Bad leadership and the curse of the Nigerian nation, by Richard Akinjide Trust Your Man ROBBING OUR CHILDREN TO PAY OUR CREDITORS- A CLARION CALL FOR STRONGER U.S. POLICY ON AFRICA Super Eagles Directives for Egypt 2006 NEGLIGENCE AND IGNORANT ATTITUTE Press Statement on President Obasanjo's Third Term Agenda Shared Responsibility for African peace And Security CHARLES TAYLOR: THE GROWING TRENDS OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LITIGATION IN THE U.S - A NEW DAWN OF CHALLENGES FOR NIGERIAN AMERICAN LAWYERS Federalism Explained Removing Immunity Clause from the Constitution will undermine Executive Capacity Being a Nigerian REST HOUSE FOR THE AGED IN NIGERIA THE RETURN OF GALADIMA TO THE GLASS HOUSE Putting the Nation on a New Political Path: The Nigerian DREAM Perspectives Types in Logo Design Procrastination: The Thief of Time -(A Personal Tribute to Bimbo Odukoya) Sokoto State: of Despots and Mercenariess Logo Design Buyers Guide WHICH WAY NIGERIA? "Allow me to say nothing" Sokoto State house of Assembly: A mockery of Democracy? From Nigeria to God The cockroch is ready to die Violence Against Women!!!!!! Stop Violence Against Women! Open Letter to Alhaji Umarun Kwabo, AA The Petition that Nailed Governor Alamieyeseigha - what do you think? stay connected Thought transfer Where is Sergeant Rogers? Ken Saro-Wiwa's Closing Statement Alamieseigha's Case, HNDC Stand! DSP Alamieyeseigha U2 Tickets Niger Delta Shall Overcome! Sirleaf: The making of Africas first female President Fasehun, Dokubo, Uwazurike, Adams: Beginning of the end for militia lords? THE RICH ALSO CRY...A TRIBUTE TO BELLVIEW FLIGHT 210 AND MRS STELLA OBASANJO Who Deserves to Die? Is poverty a curse? The travails of Alamieyeseigha Baba-Chelsea - An Interview with Gen. Babangida Rape Too cold for comfort Ribadus comedy of errors Relationships: Embarrassing Moments! (2) NIGERIANS IN DIASPORA - Are you worried that your kids do not know Nigeria? Nigerian foreign policy under the military Role of Press in Nation building. How Long The I-Pod Generation Comes to Town FG Has No Power to Waive Governors Immunity Your adversary, your opportunity Gods calendar and the Holy Spirit New Orleans, the voodoo city, goes down Injustice In Niger Delta HIV/AIDS: Why ICASA and NACA must succeed Is Atiku truly disloyal? Dokubo worth trillions to Nigeria's unity In the name of the father, the mother, and the son! NIGERIA LEADERS MUST FIGHT CORRUPTION TO AVOID THE PEOPLES FURY Delta politics and the age factor NEPA: A nation in perpetual darkness (2) Debt relief... nothing to celebrate? Debt relief or treasonable scam? NEPA : A nation in perpetual darkness What Fayose and his men saw in Jigawa (1) CreditRegistry Corporation: Nigeria Credit Service Pioneer Police, soldier united in a cause challenges facing the new saudi monarch Art of reporting terror Dictators in civil clothing When will the North reason properly? Resource Control Set To Tear Nigeria Apart. EMMERGING FINANCIAL SCENERIO - MERGER AND ACQUISITION - A PERSPECTIVE Realities in marriage Women who live and die for our world: Wangari Maathai and Kay Ruth Williams This is no time for roforofo Trickles of victory for the state PDP battle shifts to Akwa Ibom My Rwandan woman and her baby A TRIBUTE TO THE UNITED STATES Good times, bad times The riddle of succession Random thoughts on the confab Sideview: Blood, tyranny and corruption Greg Mbadiwe and the power merchants Abusive relationship: What you can do Marginalization, what marginalization? HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES BY THE UNDEMOCRATIC OBASANJO REGIME ON THE NIGER DELTA PEOPLE. Lead a responsible life Nigeria's Government Betrayal of the People of Niger Delta Live 8 Concert: Where are my African Brethrens? Sad state of Affairs Obasanjo, Young, and Masters: What kind of cabal? What life are we living?the thief among us A South-South President: The quest for equity, justice and fair play Professor Ibrahim Gambari and June 12: The "un-disgraced" collaborator Tragic end of the peoples pilot: Captain Jerry Agbeyegbe June 12: Never, never again Gani versus the newest librarians Celebrating Obasanjocracy A parable for Nigeria This Animal Called Nigerian A Review Of 318 Odontogenic Tumors In Kaduna, Nigeria The Nigerian child: A future so bleak Ritual Killing and Pseudoscience in Nigeria Go south, con man | Why Nigerian fraudsters now like working in South Africa Stiff penalties for footballers Ken Nnamani and the new way No one loves Nigeria Book of life Ehindero begged me to cool down Nigeria Time to Cut a Debt Deal? Decoding the US alarm on Nigeria A decade & two funerals A nation of riggers Let's rotate the Presidency The bell tolls for Nigeria COUNSELLING STUDENTS OF THE FACULTY OF EDUCATION AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI AGAINST EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE NUCVIHEP'S MODULE 2 PROJECT NUCVIHEP'S MODULE 3 PROJECT ASSESSMENT OF THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF THE CURRENT M.ED. ADULT EDUCATION (COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND EXTENSION SERVICES) CURRICULUM OF UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI. CULTURAL PROBLEMS IN AFRICA The Plague AFRICAN VALUES AND FALSE PERCEPTIONS September 11; What lesson have we learned? AFRICAN LEADERS; WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE…? NIGERIA; WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE...? CORRUPTION AND NIGERIA GOVERNMENT IS THIS DEMOCRACY...? I REALLY DONT KNOW WAR AGAINST IRAQ; WHAT FUTURE FOR THE YOUTH? WHEN UNITED NATIONS TURNED DIVIDED NATIONS... IN MY COUNTRY... MY DREAMS FOR NIGERIA NIGERIA AND HER SYSTEMS, WHERE HAVE WE GONE WRONG? INTERNATIONAL COURT FRUSTRATES NIGERIAN MILITARY MULLAHS In POLITICS Why and How Women are Exploited by Men Worldwide Congratulations for what? Trouble in the Nigerian House of Othman Dan Bello One flag one country one continent Obasanjo, at times like this

Written by: Student of Agric Dept. Alvan Ikoku College of Education, Owerri. Tel: 08032350290


The agricultural history of Nigeria is intertwined with its political history. This is discussed broadly in the context of the varying constitutional frame works, viz: Colonial, the Internal Self Government and the Post-1960 periods, according to sectors.
Crop Production: The period of the colonial administration in Nigeria, 1861-1960, was punctuated by rather ad hoc attention to agricultural development. During the era, considerable emphasis was placed on research and extension services. The first notable activity of the era was the establishment of a botanical research station in Lagos by Sir Claude Mcdonald in 1893. This was followed by the acquisition of 10.4 kms of land in 1899 by the British Cotton Growing Association (BCGA) for experimental work on cotton and named the experimental area Moor Plantation in lbadan. In 1912, a Department of Agriculture was established in each of the then Southern and Northern Nigeria, but the activities of the Department were virtually suspended between 1913 and 1921 as a result of the First World War and its aftermath.

From the early 1920s to the mid 1930s, there was a resurgence of activities and this period has been called the "Faulkner Strip Layout" era in honour of the Director of Agriculture, Mr. 0.T. Faulkner, who devised a statistical design for experimental trials in green manuring, fertiliser projects, rotational cropping systems and livestock feeding. From the late 1930s to the mid-1940s, there were significant intensification and expansion of research activities, and extension and training programmes of the Agricultural Departments.
Additional facilities for training of junior staff in agriculture were provided, as well as scholarships for agricultural students in Yaba Higher College and Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture in Trinidad. The intensification of hostilities during the Second World War (1939-45) led to the slowing down of activities and the call to Departments of Agriculture to play increasing roles in the production of food for the army and civilians in the country and the Empire.
Production of export crops like palm products and rubber which could not be obtained from Malaysia as a result of Japanese war activities in South-East Asia, and such food items as sugar, wheat, milk, eggs, vegetables, Irish potatoes and rice whose importation was prevented by naval blockade of the high seas increased. A special production section of the Department of Agriculture was set up to deal with the situation. On the research side, attention was devoted largely to the possibilities of evolving permanent systems of agriculture that were capable of replacing rotational bush-fallowing systems prevalent in the country and realising the promises of mixed farming in the north. During this period, the WAIFOR (West African Institute for Oil Palm Research) in Benin was start ed and the research on cocoa was intensified at Moor Plantation, Owena near Ondo and at Onigambari near lbadan.

Achievements of the period include the development of "Alien Cotton" in the south; rice cultiva- tion in the Sokoto, Niger, llorin, Abeokuta Colony and Ondo provinces; the introduction of wheat cultivation in the more northern parts of the northern provinces; the expansion of production of such export crops as cocoa, oil palm and groundnut; development of agricultural implements as well as designing farm buildings; intensification of horticultural activities; the development of a marketing sec tion of the Department; the extension of the Produce Inspection Service to cover all principal export crops; investigations into the possibilities for organised land settlement schemes; and investigations into the possibilities of irrigation in northern Nigeria.
The period of Internal Self Government, 1951 60. began with the reaionalisation of the Departments of Agriculture in 1951, with a Director and an Inspector-General of Agriculture in each region. By October 1954, the post of Inspector General of Agriculture was abolished as a result of constitutional developments which led to independence of the Regional Departments. The Federal Department of Agricultural Research was retained since constitutional provisions placed agricultural research on the concurrent legislative list, while extension work remained a regional responsibility. The research findings of the Federal Research Stations were to be transmitted through Regional ministries responsible for agriculture and natural resources.
There was also the setting up, in 1955, of a Technical Committee of the Council of Natural Resources made up of Federal and Regional Ministers and officials for the formulation of nation al research programmes as well as the co-ordination of Federal and Regional research activities. Regionalization of agriculture created a great awareness of the need for intensification of activi ties in both the research and extension fields. This led the Regions to expand, considerably, their research and extension activities in agriculture.
The post-1960 was one of extensive planning and regional competition in agriculture. Concentration of attention on commodity exports, the utilisation of taxation policy by the Marketing Boards as an instrument of development finance, and the belief that food production activities could take care of themselves without any governmental intervention, became the official farm policy. Under regional independence, the agricultural history of the nation entered a new phase of modification of traditional practices, in view of the incapacity of food production to meet the needs of the rising population and the inability of producers to reinvest in land.
These maladies were worsened by the inability of the then Federal Government to play a leading role in the nation's agricultural modernisation. Before the middle of the 1960s, a Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources was set up, and a phase of consolidation and co-ordina tion of projects for agricultural development began. In 1966, Federal initiative and control of the nation's agriculture were set in motion. This step in the right direction became more manifest with the creation, in 1967, of 12 States and the increased efforts to evolve a co-ordinated perspective for agricultural development in Nigeria.
Livestock: Livestock production in Nigeria was dominated by nomadic pastoralism long before the advent of the British Colonial Administration. The immediate interest of the colonial government in livestock was with the health and hygiene of the domesticated cattle. Thus, the Nigerian Veterinary Department was established in 1914 with its head quarters at Zaria.
In 1924, a small veterinary laboratory was established in Vom for the production of rinderpest serum. Increased field services raised the demands on the laboratory hence the production of vaccines and other biological products was added to the functions of the laboratory. The recognition of the advantages of Vom as the centre for veterinary research and for vaccine production, coupled with the major emphasis on the health aspects of live stock production, led to the transfer of the head quarters of the Nigerian Veterinary Department from Zaria to Vom.

In October 1927, proposals for the establish ment of a Stock Farm were made to the Government. The stated objective was "to turn out, by purely selective breeding, male stock for use as stud by native stock owners." It was proposed that three breeds, namely, the White Fulani, Gudali and Shuwa represented by a dairy herd of about 20 heads each be stocked at Shika. By 1934, it was fairly certain that either sweet potatoes or cassava could be fed to the cattle, as sources of energy.
At about that time too, it was realized that there is a heavy and growing export of cattle of the hoof from the North, and the intensity of this demand naturally fluctuates with the price of southern produce. Thus with price ruling high for palm oil in the South and low for cotton in the North, a prospective farmer is subjected to variations in his costs and returns.
Such variations urged the planners to introduce the "Mixed Farming Policy." The policy was typified by the importation of six pullets and one cockerel of the Rhode Island Red breed from England in 1933 to Agege where crops like maize, cassava, yam, oil palm, kola, coffee, pineapple and citrus fruits were already cultivated.
The role of educational advancement in agricultural development in Nigeria was given prominence at an earlier stage. The value of an elementary education in the three Regions to farmers was appreciated and it was suggested that the introduction of a new interest into farming, such as the production of livestock in the Southern Provinces of Nigeria, would attract more educated youths into agriculture. A scheme was started in Katsina Province for teaching sons of farmers the best husbandry methods. Instructions were essentially practical in nature and were centred on mixed farming. Similarly, the study of management of livestock was introduced to the lbadan Agricultural School where the Education and Agricultural Departments co operated to train both teachers responsible for the management of school farms and the agricultural assistants for the Department of Agriculture.
By 1938, three Conferences of West African Agricultural Officers had been held. Besides, the numerous attempts made between 1924 and 1938 to introduce fodder and browse plants into Nigeria (especially at the Veterinary Station, Vom, the Agricultural Station at Samaru and at the Stock Centre at Shika) were reviewed. The need for concerted effort at pasture and grassland management and improvement was adequately documented and a call for more co-operation between the livestock farmers and the traditional agriculturists was made. This was the beginning of organised efforts towards range management for livestock improvement in Nigeria.
In 1940, milk-buying units were established in areas of the Jos Plateau and butter was produced on commercial scale. The production of cheese and bacon was undertaken shortly after and this became intensified during the Second World War. After the War, livestock produce assumed consider able importance, while in 1948 the operations were taken over by the Department of Commerce and Industry.
A Veterinary School was established at Vom in the early 1940s to train Nigerians for animal health work. A Livestock Investigation Centre (LIC) was also set up as auxiliary to the school and labo ratory. Later, an Egg Production Unit was created to supply fertile eggs for virus research, vaccine for both the Veterinary and the Medical Departments and Poultry for research work and vaccine testing. The Nigerian Veterinary Department played a very prominent role in the early history of livestock development in Nigeria. Indeed, by the end of the 1939-45 War, the Department had become interna tionally recognised and requests were made by the administration of most of the other West African Territories to the veterinary laboratory in Vom for the supply of vaccines. The serious nature of try panosomiasis (sleeping sickness) in man and ani mals was also of great concern to the Colonial
Administration in the West African Territories and the need to control this disease led to the estab lishment in 1947 of a West African Institute for Trypanosomiasis Research (WAITR). A main labo ratory to study the animal was sited in Vom-on the Jos Plateau, an ideal location since the tsetse fly vector was absent in that area. Prior to 1951, the Nigerian Veterinary Depart ment had its headquarters, laboratories and a school in Vom, with field offices in each Region. With the coming of regional governments, the Nigerian Veterinary Department was split into sepa rate regional departments.
The Director of Veterinary Services became the Inspector-General of Animal Health Services, while the designation of the regional heads remained the same, except for that of Northern Region which was changed to Director of Veterinary Services. The post of Inspector-General carried executive authority in the regions only in so far as matters connected with hides and skins trade were concerned. In October 1954, with the introduction of a new Constitution, the Regional Departments became completely autonomous.
The post of the Inspector-General of Animal Health Services was redesignated as the Director of Veterinary Research, responsible to the Federal Government and with executive authority tor veterinary matters in Lagos. In 1967, when 12 States were created in Nigeria, each state assumed responsibility for veterinary matters, within its boundaries. The initial breeding policy designed to improve livestock in Nigeria concentrated on the locally available breeds of animal. About 1950, there was a modification of this policy, whereby exotic breeds of cattle were introduced to upgrade the local stock.
The Western Nigeria Development Corporation (WNDC) established the Upper Ogun Ranch for the commercial production and distribution of cattle. In the Eastern Region, South Devon cattle were intro duced at the Obudu Ranch. Friesian bulls were imported to the farm at Agege in Lagos; the Teaching and Research Farm at the University of lbadan obtained foundation stock of cattle from Shika. Extensive facilities were also established for research in piggery and poultry. The administrative machinery for agricultural development and co-ordination was also modified.
Technical committees established for the various aspects of primary production were modified. The Veterinary Technical Committee was replaced by the enlarged National Livestock Development Committee which reported to the National Council for Agriculture and Natural Resources. The Livestock Meat Authority, established to serve the northern states, had recently been empowered to act on a national scale in collating data and con ducting surveys as well as in researching into vari ous aspects of livestock production, slaughter and marketing in Nigeria.
Fisheries: The history of fisheries development in Nigeria is a comparatively recent one, although reports have shown that a fishing company operated from the coastal waters of Lagos long before 1915. Deliberate efforts at developing the country's fisheries can be said to date back to the Second World War when, because of the naval blockade of the high seas, the then Colonial Administration decided to develop the country's local resources, including fisheries.
A fisheries organization was established in 1941 as a Fisheries Development Branch of the Agricultural Department of the Colonial Office and a Senior Agricultural Officer was appointed to conduct a survey of the industry and its possibilities. The headquarters was sited at Apese village and later at Onikan in Lagos, from where, assisted by a part-time voluntary officer, preliminary experiments in fish culture in brackish water ponds at Onikan were carried out and surveys were conducted on the canoe fisheries of Apese village and Kuramo waters around Victoria Island, Lagos. A small fisheries school was also established at Onikan.
Early in 1945, the Fisheries Development branch was temporarily transferred from the Agricultural Department to the Development Branch of the Secretariat. A Fisheries Development Officer was appointed and a Five-Year Plan for Fisheries Development was formulated and incorporated in the Ten-Year Plan of Development and Welfare in Nigeria, laid on the table of the Legislative Council on 13th December, 1945.
From this date to 1947, the Branch became a section of the Department of Commerce and Industries with a Principal Fisheries Officer in charge. In addition to the brackishwater fish culture experiments and canoe fisheries sur veys, other activities were initiated. Small motor fishing crafts were acquired for exploratory fishing in the estuaries, lagoons and creeks. It was considered "that these fisheries should receive priority treatment at this stage in Nigeria over sea fisheries".
This was in spite of the earlier reports on the fishing company which showed that suitable trawl ing grounds existed off Lagos at depths of 18-65m. Other activities undertaken included tests of rice growing in tidal mangrove swamps, where such an activity could be combined with fish farming, and improvements in the social conditions of the wholly fishermen populations of two small villages in Lagos. Between 1948 and 1950, major efforts were made at extending the artisanal fisheries programme to other coastal areas of Nigeria. An active extension service was established to demonstrate the benefits of improved fishing techniques and gear to the coastal canoe fishermen.
In addition, trawling surveys were undertaken in the vicinity of Lagos and Cameroons and a sub-station was main tained at Opobo for several years before it was closed down due to lack of funds and personnel. A start was also made in fish culture in inland areas by the construction of experimental ponds and the stocking of the then existing ponds and reservoirs. A Fish Farmer was appointed to extend this aspect of production and this culminated in the establish ment in 1951, of a 160ha industrial-scale fish farm at Panyam on the Jos Plateau. By the end of this period, the branch had grown to become the Federal Fisheries Services under the Federal Ministry of Economic Development.
Between 1952 and 1957, the bulk of the marine biological research was performed by the West African Fisheries Research Institute (WAFRI) at Freetown, Sierra Leone; a unit was maintained at Birnin Kebbi to conduct research into the fisheries of River Sokoto. In consequence of Nigeria's and Ghana's withdrawal of their support, the WAFRI was disbanded with effect from 31st March 1957; the fisheries research activities of the Federal Fisheries Service were expanded to take care of this function. Under the 1954 Constitution of Nigeria, the fisheries organisation was split between the Federal and Regional Governments.
The Federal Fisheries Service of the Federal Ministry of Economic Department was headed by a Director with laboratories and headquarters in Lagos. The Western Region Fisheries Division of the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources was headed by a Principal Fisheries Officer. Its headquarters and offices were at lbadan and a Sea Fisheries Section at Lagos, a Marketing and Distribution Section at Warri, Organisation and Inspectorate at Epe and Fish Culture Section at lbadan and Asaba. The Eastern Region Fisheries Division of the Ministry of Agriculture was under the charge of a Principal Fisheries Officer and the headquarters at Aba and an outstation at Opobo.
The Fisheries Section of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Northern Region was under the charge of a Senior Fisheries Officer while the headquarters was located first at Baga and later at Malarnfatori, Lake Chad. In addition, the Northern Region Fish Farm at Panyam was placed under the administration of the Region's Ministry of Trade and Industry, and was under the charge of a resident Fish Farmer. The Federal Fisheries Service had the constitu tional responsibility for fisheries development and research in the Lagos Federal Territory and research in any other part of the country where the Regional Government invited it to carry out any specific research activity.
In practice, however, the Western Region Sea Fisheries Section in Lagos, sited in the same compound as the Federal Fisheries Service, catered for all fishermen what ever their origin and whether they actually lived in Western Region Territory or in the Federal Territory. So the Federal Fisheries Service left all Lagos fisheries development work to the Western Region fisheries Division. It concerned itself, instead, with the development of the modern fishing vessels (trawlers) including their licensing; the planning of a fishing terminal for Lagos; and also with research. The Regions never requested Federal assistance towards research. They either tried to conduct research themselves or asked for international multilateral (FAO/UNDP) or bilateral (USAID) help.
Thus, the Federal Fisheries Service had to, on its own initiative, identify regional research needs and carry out what studies it felt were needed. On such initiatives, the Malarnfatori station was established on the Lake Chad; the Brackish water fish-farming project was developed at Buguma; and studies were initiated at the Kainji Dam site.
The period 1956-66 witnessed great expansion in Nigeria's fishing activities. In the coastal trawler fleet, from a single registered trawler in 1956, the fleet was built up, by 1960, to 13 while the total fish catch increased ten-fold during the period. This level of production was sustained up to 1963 but catches fell in 1964-66, following heavier exploitation of the Lagos fishing grounds. By this period, however, commercial quantities of prawns had been discovered in the eastern parts of the country and many of the vessels converted to prawn fishing, thus reducing the pressure on the fish stock. By1970, the fishstock had fully recovered and the expansion of inshore fishing activities was becom ing so rapid that plans were then made to regulate fishing in order to conserve the rather limited resources.
The period also saw a considerable increase in the artisanal fisheries. This has been attributed to the concentration of fishing activities close to the rich grounds; higher money returns for efforts; general improvement in processing, storage and distribution methods; improvement in the type of fishing craft used and, especially, to the higher gear efficiency due to a complete changeover to synthetic fibre. The general result was that the con tribution of fisheries to the country's QDP quadru pled between 1960 and 1970.
Fisheries Service left all Lagos fisheries development work to the Western Region fisheries Division. It concerned itself, instead, with the development of the modern fishing vessels (trawlers) including their licensing; the planning of a fishing terminal for Lagos; and also with research. The Regions never requested Federal assistance towards research. They either tried to conduct research themselves or asked for international multilateral (FAO/UNDP) or bilateral (USAID) help.
Thus, the Federal Fisheries Service had to, on its own initiative, identify regional research needs and carry out what studies it felt were needed. On such initiatives, the Malarnfatori station was established on the Lake Chad; the Brackishwater fish-farming project was developed at Buguma; and studies were initiated at the Kainji Dam site.
The period 1956-66 witnessed great expansion in Nigeria's fishing activities. In the coastal trawler fleet, from a single registered trawler in 1956, the fleet was built up, by 1960, to 13 while the total fish catch increased ten-fold during the period. This level of production was sustained up to 1963 but catches fell in 1964-66, following heavier exploitation of the Lagos fishing grounds. By this period, however, commercial quantities of prawns had been discovered in the eastern parts of the country and many of the vessels converted to prawn fishing, thus reducing the pressure on the fish stock. By1970, the fishstock had fully recovered and the expansion of inshore fishing activities was becom ing so rapid that plans were then made to regulate fishing in order to conserve the rather limited resources.
The period also saw a considerable increase in the artisanal fisheries. This has been attributed to the concentration of fishing activities close to the rich grounds; higher money returns for efforts; general improvement in processing, storage and distribution methods; improvement in the type of fishing craft used and, especially, to the higher gear efficiency due to a complete changeover to synthetic fibre. The general result was that the contribution of fisheries to the country's QDP quadrupled between 1960 and 1970.

Agricultural Development Since Independence
The 1962-1968 development plan was Nigeria's first national plan. Among several objectives, it emphasized the introduction of more modern agricultural methods through farm settlements, co-operative (nucleus) plantations, supply of improved farm implements (e.g. hydraulic hand presses for oil palm processing) and a greatly expanded agricultural extension service.
Some of the specialized development schemes initiated or implemented during this period included: (l) Farm Settlement Schemes; and (ii) National Accelerated Food Production Programme (NAFPP), launched in 1972.
There were also a number of agricultural development intervention experiments, notably (i) Operation Feed the Nation, launched in 1976; (ii) River Basin and Rural Development Authorities, established in 1976; (vii) Green Revolution Programme, inaugurated in 1980; and (viii) The World Bank-funded Agricultural Development Projects.
While each of the above programmes sought to improve food production, the ADPs represented the first major practical demonstration of the integrated approach to agricultural development in Nigeria. The experiment which started with World Bank funding, with projects at Funtua (1974), Gusau (1974) and Gombe (1974), blossomed into Ayangba (1977), Lafia (1977), Bida (1979), llorin (1980), Ekiti-Akoko (1981) and Oyo-North (1982) agricultural development projects. Following successful negotiations for multi-state agricultural development projects with the World Bank, each state of the country, and the federal capital, Abuja, now has one ADP.The years since the early 1960s have also witnessed the establishment of several agricultural research institutes and their extension research liaison services. Some of the major institutions are:
(i) Agricultural Extension and Research stock production and fisheries production in Nigeria Liaison Service (AERLS) at the Ahmadu in recent years, is presented in the next two chap Bello University, Zaria, established in 1963; (ii) The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), at lbadan and; (iii) International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA)

I'm dedicating this "Article" to all Students of Agricultural Science, especially "Agricultural Science Student Association" (AGSSA) of Alvan Ikoku College Of Education, Owerri, Imo State.

"Long Live Agriculture! Long Live Nigeria!!".

Read Full Story Here.... :

Comments (1)

Topic: Nwachukwu Chinweizu .N. aka Flash
4/5 (1)
Full StarFull StarFull StarFull StarEmpty Star
Sanni (Abuja, Nigeria)
Pls next time just sum everything up
12th October 2016 1:13am
Page 1 of 1

Add Comment

* Required information
(never displayed)
Bold Italic Underline Strike Superscript Subscript Quote Line Bullet Numeric Link Email Image Video
Smile Sad Huh Laugh Mad Tongue Crying Grin Wink Scared Cool Sleep Blush Unsure Shocked
Enter code:
Notify me of new comments via email.
Remember my form inputs on this computer.

Latest News: