Search Site: OnlineNigeria

Close



CHARLES TAYLOR:

Posted by Detroit, Michigan on 1/16/2006 4:09:39 PM | Views: 206 |

Popular Menu

Failed projection in travel Ugly Tales Of Abuja Ghettos HOME OF RICHES AND POWES A final word to the cabal in Kaduna How Seme Customs enforced vehicle importation ban Football Prediction in Nigeria and Betting As a Source of Employment Returnee Graduates Disturb As Employers Reject Foreign Degrees The World Through The Lens Of Alternative History The Case Of The Three Abba Kyari Donald Trump's Toxic Masculinity How Donald Trump turned Ted Cruz into a laughingstock Joey's Monday Musings: Is Fela Kuti still relevant in this digital age of Nigerian music? Cancellation Of Post Utme, A Blessing To Our Educational System Moms and dads! Porn shall not be our norm Are most Nigerian artists original? BROKEN RIB (AGAINST DIVORCE) How can Nigeria deal with its recession? The Man Who Named His Dog Buhari Nigeria is Ranked No. 1 In Scrabble Understanding Your Shipping Cost SHOPTOMYDOOR INTENDS TO TACKLE DELIVERY CHALLENGES IN AFRICA CORRUPT EFCC BOSS WHO ARRESTED BLOGGER ABUSIDIQU DEMANDS FOR TWO DIRECTORS AS SURETIES TO SET HIM FREE Being Christian shouldn?t make you a bad dresser Gov. Amaechi Tackles Youths Unemployment Should Sports Not Be A Part Of Okonjo Iweala (Entertainment Industry) Economy Diversification Drive Should Sports Not Be A Part Of Okonjo Iweala (Entertainment Industry) Economy Diversification Drive HP Mobile Authentication Helps Protect Customers Against Counterfeits NIGERIA TODAY Ibis Hotel to Extend Equity in Nigeria, Offer Promo to Customers Looting of treasury at the top SUBSIDIES ON PETROL Youthful magnate extends Midas touch to lifestyle mag . OK! Magazine in association with MTN to launch in Nigeria Hon Emeka Ihedioha: Constituency fund Initiated Project and Matters Arising Lamit Cup - Clay Shooting Competition by Lamit Sports File Restore Tool – Capable to Recover Lost Data Nigeria @ 51 VENIVIICI.COM, ONLINE RETAIL STORE TO LAUNCH OCTOBER 1, 2011 CORRUPTION; THE GREATEST CHALLENGE! THE NIGERIA OF MY DREAMS (PART 2). THE NIGERIA OF MY DREAMS (PART 1). THE PRESIDENCY MUST HEAR THIS. The Dying Education And The Unborn Redeemers. PRINCEWILL AND HIS LOVE FOR THE LESS PRIVILEGED IN NIGERIA Ngor/Okpala: A Council Area in Need of Development OK! NIGERIA ANNOUNCES EDITOR-IN-CHIEF THE INFLUENCE OF TELEVISION ON FAMILY INSTITUTION IN NIGERIA For they know not! Solving our poverty and unemployment crises…a Malay-Israeli approach socio economic transformation of nigeria Original Quotes Exposing the menace of counterfeiting Pan African Airlines (Nigeria) Ltd. Signs Agreement to Provide First Class Services Nigerian Authorities Execute Seizure of Fake Printing Supplies for HP Printers celestial church- thy joy of thy lord unto we all How to monitor entire keystrokes using key logger software Governor Rochas: Declare State Of Emergency in State Public Schools Imo State: Dissolution of LGA council and matters arising Imo State: Owelle Rochas Not A Miracle Worker Imo State Government: Save Amala/Ntu Secondary School from Total Rot We welcome you, Nigeria! THE DIVINE MERCY (FREE AUDIO PRAYER) The road to stardom..................No room for mistakes. THE NIGERIA OF MY DREAMS (PART 1) Access important data from formatted hard drive data THE RESILIENCE THAT PAID OFF! Ohakim’s Empowerment Application Form (Per Ward): A Real or False Bait? What will happen to the killers,the muslims in the north? 2011 Imo Gubernatorial Polls: Governor Ohakim Beyond Electorates Redemption Profile of Warisenibo (Hon.) Dakuku Adolphus Peterside April 2011 Polls: Princewill Commends Rivers’s People and Prof. Jega RIVERS GUBER 2011: AMAECHI, SEKIBO OR OMEHIA: WHO IS EASY CHOICE FOR THE RIVERS STATE PEOPLE? Nigeria: Is there any hope for the poorest of the poor? PPA Winds up Door to Door Electoral Campaign Exercise; as Princewill Urges Voters to Convert Overwhelming Support to Physical Votes on Election Dates Hon. Chief Peterside Dakuku and His Triumphant Entry into Andoni Kingdom Hon. Chief Peterside Dakuku and His Triumphant Entry into Andoni Kingdom 2011: THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY TO BE REINVIGORATED AS GOV AMAECHI UNLEASHES HIS FIRST ELEVEN ON THE HAPLESS OPPOSITION IN RIVERS STATE 2011: THE PRINCIPLE OF “ANYA-NELI”, CHIEF BARR. EZEBUNWO NYESOM WIKE AND THE POLITICAL FUTURE OF RIVERS STATE – AN OVERVIEW OF AN INSIDER Have you lost your important files and folders? $5,000,000. interswitch ATM Card ARE AFRICANS RELIGIOUS PEOPLE OR FETISH INHABITANTS? DO THEY HAVE A UNIFYING RELIGION AND CULTURE? TOWARDS A PEDAGOGICAL RESPONSE! part 4 Opobians in Diaspora Drum Support for Hon. Dakuku Peterside ARE AFRICANS RELIGIOUS PEOPLE OR FETISH INHABITANTS? DO THEY HAVE A UNIFYING RELIGION AND CULTURE? TOWARDS A PEDAGOGICAL RESPONSE! Part 3 Port Harcourt rally stampede is heartbreaking - Princewill ARE AFRICANS RELIGIOUS PEOPLE OR FETISH INHABITANTS? DO THEY HAVE A UNIFYING RELIGION AND CULTURE? TOWARDS A PEDAGOGICAL RESPONSE! part 2 ARE AFRICANS RELIGIOUS PEOPLE OR FETISH INHABITANTS? DO THEY HAVE A UNIFYING RELIGION AND CULTURE? TOWARDS A PEDAGOGICAL RESPONSE! part 1 Hon. Dakuku Peterside: The House of Representative Candidate and His Political Movement Nigeria: The Ban on Commercial Motorcyclists Princewill Pays Homage to his Father, Urges Kalabari Natives to Vote for Amaechi Dr. Dawari George: Truth about the House of Representatives candidate It's in you; oh Citizen. Niger/Delta: Militancy or Criminality a Genuine Cause for Agitation? Niger/Delta: Militancy or Criminality a Genuine Cause for Agitation? Inec Urged To Extend Registration Days 2011 Election: The Odd Favors Goodluck Jonathan Over Nuhu Ribadu Praise For Dr Dalhatu Tafida From A Global Group Goodluck Jonathan Triumphs In Pdp Party Primary Online Marketing APGA, WHICH WAY? Atiku Abubakar’s Desperation and His Politics of Entitlement Igbos and the 2011 Elections Goodluck Jonathan Global Campaign Team disappointed over Choice of Atiku as Consensus Candidate Internet usage by country: Nigeria has more per capita internet users than India And They Lived Happily Everafter.... Poll: Jonathan Could Beat Atiku in 2011 PDP Presidential Primaries Goodluck Jonathan Campaign Team Concentrate on Jonathan's Voter Registration Drive U.S. Interests in Nigeria’s Financial Reform Success Global Diaspora CampaignTeam Lauds Dr Dalhatu Tafida contributions towards Dr Goodluck Jonathan 2011 Dr Goodluck Jonathan’s Use of Social Media Campaign WHAT SHOULD CHRISTIAN DO ABOUT THE PLIGHT OF THE POOL IN OUR SOCIETY AND IN OTHER PART OF THE WORLD ARE HOMOSEXUAL CHRISTIANITY GENUINE: SHOULD WE ACCEPT THEM TO CHURCH? WHAT IS CHRISTIAN VIEW ABOUT ABORTION IS THERE ANY HARM IN SEX BEFORE MARRIAGE? IS IT A DIRECTIVE FROM GOD THAT THE CHURCH SHOULD BE SILENT ON POLITICAL AFFIARS? WHAT IS CHRISTIANITY STAND ON RACIAL PREJUDICEAND SECURITY REVENGE? THINKING THROUGH THE REALITY OF MORAL ISSUES IN OUR GENERATION Pornography Use in a Marriage The Question of Love, Sex in Marriage COMPOSITION OF ADULTERY THE MENACE OF SECRET SOCIETIES IN NIGERIA Nigeria @ 50: What happened to the ‘Giant of Africa’? Happy Birthday Nigeria….. CELESTIAL CHURCH OF CHRIST-IMOLE KRISTI DE LATI BA WA GBE NINU IJO MIMO 2011: WHITHER YOUTH CANDIDATES A well fed slave and a hungry free man: who is better the field were glory does not stay (Poem) Beauty and Persnality What I wish I had known before coming to the USA. Hannibal was black In support of Zoning system of government A MESSAGE OF HOPE A MWA SHOULD WE BELIEVE IN GOD ? Undelete data from faulty data storage media LIFE AFTER DIVORCE Kpako Husband CONFIRMED!!! HOW I MADE $250 IN 24HOURS WITH MY LIBERTY RESERVE ACCOUNT IN DEFENCE OKADA MEN PROSTITUTION A SOCIAL MENACE ONE MILLION YOUTH MARCH AT KEBBI FOR WHAT? Why Nigeria Crashed Out of The World Cup failed marriages Open letter to Alhaji Sani Yerima Nurturing Effective and Elective Democracy in Nigeria Death of the zoning system: A muted grief The Niger Delta Question IBB AT YOUR SERVICE EDMARK INTERNATIONAL HAS CHANGED NIGERIANS FINANCIALLY AN ATRIBUTE TO OUR DEAR PERSIDENT tribute to our dear president How ThisDay Newspapers 'Scandalized' President Obama's Nigerian Nominee 2011: What if it is Babangida again? THY GOOD SHERPERD- OLUSHOAGUTAN RERE where to keep your problem This Graveyard called Nigeria The Paedophiles in our midst State of the Nation and a Credible 2011 Elections: Matters Arising Yar’Adua-Jonathan Political Muddle: What Lies Ahead? Dear Bishop Oyedepo Gospel of Wickedness – The Hypocrisy and Falsehood of Helen Ukpabio – Part 2. Gospel of Wickedness – The Hypocrisy and Falsehood of Helen Ukpabio – Part 1. Nigeria Mass Media - The Fourth Estate of Graft LIFE AND TESTIMONY Emenogu, world number four, eyes WBC crown A SEALED PRAYER Life after death Responding to Mr Dodo's letter The Stampede for N4million naira on namywedding,com Illogicality and Absurdities: Open letter to Turai Yar’adua EARTHQUAKE REVIEF MISSION Emmanuel TV Haiti Earthquake Relief Team RELAX… AND ENJOY YOUR WINE. A VITAL TOOLS TO THE WORLD BEHOLD! TB JOSHUA’S NEW MYSTERY LADY The dangers of heterodoxy – Open letter to Evangelist Helen Ukpabio T.B JOSHUA IS NOT BUILDING IN GHANA NIGERIA LEADERSHIP CRISES: THE PAUL DIKE OPTION TB JOSHUA IS GREECE'S BIGGEST THREAT IN SA WORLD CUP – GREEK NATIONAL NEWSPAPER A later to my brothers and sisters! HAITI and NIGERIA: Case studies in failure of Human Management of natural resources. The End of Plenty: Nigeria’s “Malthusian Curse” A Letter to the America President from a Nigerian Why I Will Not Support Prof. Chukwuma Soludo Barack Obama: Man of the Year 2009 Labyrinth of Leadership: Nigeria’s Peculiar Mess (penkelemesi) studying abroad is not a child`s play Nigeria, Niger Delta Violence and the Biafra Connection: A Political Discourse By Chris Onyema The Parody of Nigerian Education and the Alternative Search for Foreign Certificate: Whither the Hope of a Better Future? (Part I) GREAT MEN AND HISTOTRY 2011: Ibrahim Shekarau as President What we must tell the President Nigeria: when is the relieve coming? (2) THE AFRICA CHALLENGE...A Message to the President addressed to the Nigerian Youths at the UNITED NATIONS on Aug 7th 2009 Arabic Inscription or Hausa Verbiage: Between Manipulative Interpretations and Subjective Impulse The Many Faces of Helen Ukpabio Nigeria: When is the relieve coming? The Intrigues of Naming: A Dissectional Response to the ‘Boko Haram’ Butchery The Intrigues of Naming: A Dissectional Response to the ‘Boko Haram’ Butchery Curtailing the excesses of Evangelist Helen Ukpabio Fraud Alert! INTERSWITCH SCAM EMAILS ON THE LOOSE, BEWARE! Who Is TB Joshua's Mentor? THE TRIBAL EMANCIPATION OF NDI IGBO FROM NORTHERN DOMINATION; part 3 Tony Patrick a.k.a. TP-Rhymes Selfless Service Niger Delta Crisis: Nigeria Loses N6, 264 Trillion! MOTHER'S DAY: THE MYTH BEHIND THIS DAY! Withdrawal of Andy Uba's Supreme Court Case Anambra State Political Issues: This Is My Stand (Part II) KA SISE LATI LE RE IJOBA ORUN --- OMO IJO MIMO---CELESTIAL CHURCH OF CHRIST Anambra State Political Issues: This Is My Stand Dividends Of Unemployment Mental Colonialism RE: REBRANDING NIGERIA IMAGE PROJECT; WE ALL MUST SUPPORT AND CONTRIBUTE TOWARDS A TRIBAL EMANCIPATION OF NDI IGBO FROM NORTHERN DOMINATION-Part 2 Anambra State and The One-Term Governor Syndrome (Part II) i miss her sorry baby Make Quick Money with less Stress VISION 2020 AND NIGERIA'S ECONOMY, THE WAY FORWARD Satellite Internet Access Lamit Company launches a new network solution for improving the internet connection A-Z of Cyber Fraudsters & Preventive Tips We dont have ambbasador in China but a foolish goat GOODNESS IN MAN. WORDS WRITTEN IN BLOOD THE LOVE BETWEEN OBJ AND ATIKU Some Articles deserve not to be published. Obama: The President With Many Firsts Our Ambassador in china is very stupid What can be done about being Nigerian? TOWARDS A TRIBAL ENMACIPATION OF NDI IGBO FROM NORTHERN DOMINATION- Part 1 Burden Of Proof In Election Petitions We Know The Way Their Racism, Our Tribalism LEGITIMATE AND ILLEGITIMATE WORRY YOU ARE TIMELESS TO ME. Why I Want McCain To Win How Race Colors American Presidential Election Nigeria, afer the Beijing games. Do we ever have a Government? Help Nigerians in China out b4 too late. BIG TROUBLE FOR NIGERIANSIN CHINA Nigeria@48 Wake-up Nigeria 1ST NIGERIAN GERMAN SECURITY CONFERENCE 2008 ABUJA BETWEEN PHYSICIANS AND THEIR FATALLY WOUNDED PATIENTS THE SOCIAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL FUNCTION OF LANGUAGE FOREIGN NATIONALS USING NIGERIAN PASSPORTS MODERN MAN AND SCIENTIFIC SOPHISTICATION IN THE THIRD MILLENNIUM "ONWA ASATO' OR "ILO MUO" FESTIVAL IN NRI MARITAL TRAGEDIES AMONG NIGERIANS IN DIASPORA (PART I) war aganist women HOW OBAMA CAN WIN IN NOVEMBER TAX EVASSION IN LAGOS? FATHERHOOD AND FAMILY FROM A GERMAN PERSPECTIVE MEMO TO NIGERIAN WOMEN/WIVES RE: ABORTION IS A SACRIFICE TO THE DEVIL. ELECTION RIGGING BY ANOTHER NAME MY CELESTINE UKWU'S 'IJE ENU' MEMORIES WHY I SERVED AND WHY I LEFT THE NIGERIAN ARMY THE NATURE AND FORMS OF FREE MASONRY: ITS HISTORICAL ORIGIN, FRATERNITY AND THRUST FATHERHOOD AND FAMILY FROM A LATINO PERSPECTIVE THE WORLD IN PRESENT EZINNE CELEBRATION: A CHALLENGE TO THE DIGNITY OF AFRICAN MOTHERHOOD AND FAMILY LIVING WITH TEENS & YOUTHS ITS TIME TO BE REAL AND RELEVANT TOJU ISE RE,OMO IJO MIMO MUCH ADO ABOUT EXECUTIVE IMMUNITY RE: MBADINUJU'S TRAVAILS How Eke, Oye, Afor and Nkwo Market Days Were Introduced In Igboland. DADDY, I AM YOUR DAUGHTER. Prepare for Success It is an insult to call Obama black Why is it that African leaders are seduced by the sacrosanct monster? FATHERHOOD AND FAMILY FROM AN ASIAN PERSPECTIVE Western Architecture versus Tropical Architecture: Why you shouldn't import your house plan from Europe/America FATHERHOOD FROM AFRICAN PERSPECTIVE MBADINUJU'S TRAVAILS SUDANESE PLANE CRASH: A CHALLENGE TO AFRICAN AVIATION INDUSTRIES Intrigues: The Nigeria Supreme Court and the Rotimi Amaechi's Judgment IGU ARO NDI IGBO Invitation to attend Harris Phillips' highly subsidized seminars for June and July 2008 ATTEND FREE SEMINARS TILL THE END OF JUNE!!! Anambra State: On the Road to Greatness ANAMBRA STATE: ON THE ROAD TO GREATNESS ABSENT FATHERS: Its Impact on the Family PHCN IS KILLING PEOPLE IN BOLORUNPELU TOWN IKOTUN LAGOS NIGERIA Letter to my friend oversea Major Bid To Internationalize Nigerian Contemporary Poetry. YES, NIGERIAN WRITINGS TODAY ARE RUDDERLESS Professor Tony Afejuku of the Department of English, University of Benin, a poet, critic and an activist, once said in an interview with a Nigerian newspaper (Vanguard), that Nigerian writings today are rudderless. NIGERIAN PRESIDENT'S CHIEF PUBLICIST DEVISES CREDIBILITY RUBBISHING SCHEME FATHERHOOD: HISTORICAL, SOCIOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE The Obasanjo Years of Locust (1999 To 2007) is our Collective Guilt UPSURGE ON ONLINE PUBLISHING IN NIGERIA PROFILE AND POETRY OF COMRADE CHIDI ANTHONY OPARA Niger Delta Conference!!!! Celestial Church Of Christ Celestial Church Of Christ Celestial Church Of Christ human right New Energizer on the Block NOT TOO YOUNG Andy Uba's Anambra State Governorship Delusions (Part II) Obama's Historic Speech: A Critical Analysis Andy Uba's Anambra State Governorship Delusions Why We Serve In the United States Military Undeserved end of late Julius Usigbe Substance Abuse Among Single Mothers (2) Fatherhood and family IS THERE A GLOBAL MARKET FOR USED GOODS FROM THE UNITED STATES? Towrds saving lives and safer roads Towaards Whither went the Super Eagles? Substance Abuse among Single Moms:Toward a psychological and Emotional Approach Ladies Shoes, Ladies Boots, Cheap Shoes Online THE GROWING INFLUENCE AND ACTIVITIES I came, I saw, and I conquered SHARIA AS AN OPTION IN KANO Nation EVERYDAY USHERS IN A REASON FOR US TO BE HOPEFUL. BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY(Do You Have The Courge To succeed) TRIBUTE TO CYPRIAN EKWENSI DWELLING IN THE SECRET PLACE OF THE LORD ABOUT EJIKE OGBONNAYA WE NEED THIS KIND OF PERSON IN THIS WORLD BREAKING NEWS! Kebbi Gubernatorial Election Nullified Says FRCN, Kaduna THERE IS A BATTLE CALLED LIFE "Succeeding successfully" Equal opportunity Bald Men Need Natural Hair Care Products Too! How to save your hair and your valuable time removing Fusion, Braids, Weaves, Hair Extensions and Dreadlocks! Laugh your ribs out. Call this comedian STOP AUTHORITY STEALING GROUP PLANS EPIC FILM ON AWO, TWENTY YEARS AFTER HIS DEATH ''PILLAR''OF CORRUPTION! The great cabals NFA: Retain Eaglets, Tella EFCC, the rule of law and the rest of us LESSONS FROM THE GOLDEN EAGLETS SUCCESS IN KOREA 2007 CELESTIAL-TO O WO,KO SI RI PE, RERE NI OLUWA THE LORD IS CALLING US TO HEAR HIS VOICE,ALL THAT TRUST IN HIM FG Policy On Cement : Letter To The President Standardizing Nigerian States' Official Internet Domain Names love NO BODY!SHOULD PUT PROF.SOLUDO ON HOLD NIGERIA GOVERNMENT MUST SHOW NIGERIANS WAY FORWARD SERAH OGECHI ONYEACHOR DIRECTS HER FIRST MOVIE IN HOLLYWOOD AT THE AGE OF 20 NO JUSTICE FOR THE POOR IN NIGERIA THE IGBO MARGINAL MAN Guides for Nigerians in Diaspora when building your house back home. 10 Alternatives to Oil, 10 Keys to National Prosperity 1 New Diaspora Niger Delta Magazine TWO LAWS IN NIGERIA,THE RICH AND THE POOR! Where is the Love/ THE PUSUIT OF SUCESS IN AMERICA Niger Delta Militancy: A poor man's curse Las Vegas Weather The lost old sermon of those days. Knowledge Management PRESIDENT YAR'ADUA NEEDS TO DEAL-WITH INTRIQUES AND POWER-PLAY WE NEED A CHANGE IN OUR SOCIETY TO STOP THE TERIFYING PAINS OF OUR FUTURE MOTHERS IN NIGERIA AND ALL OVER AFRICA (''CIRCUMCISION'') INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY GROWTH IN ETHIOPIA 7 ways to choose an effective career IS ABORTION REALLY MURDER? EFCC ACTIONS China/Africa relation, a new hide and seek. YAR'ADUA NEEDS TO BE CAREFUL OF GENERAL OBASANJO!! AMEN FOUNDATION CATARACT SURGERIES FOR LAGOS STATE Housa man and police officer The godfathers red eyes 30 days in power The go-slow president The cop and the chop Something to ponder Never again I will miss Obasanjo THE ROOT OF REALITY: IN SUPPORT OF MILITANCY Ka sowo po, ka sowo po, Pelu ife mimo King Ogbidi Okojie of Uromi OBASANJO IS STILL RULING NIGERIA NIGERIA WILL BE GREAT AGAIN THE ANATOMY'S SECRET PRINCIPLES OF SUCCESS Nigerias Post 2007 Elections: A Time for Healing Process and National Reconciliation Majors Offered at Rochville University Rochville University Nigeria as Nigerians are the happiest people in the world 19,May 2007.Fear of safety Port Harcourt Nigeria:Bari-arakpalap Esan Youth Rebirth Movement Appeal for the Release of Hostages! Ghana Beckons! Nigeria Rebirth NIGERIAN ELECTORAL PROCESS: DIM LIGHT AT THE END OF THE TUNNEL Nigeria and same sex bills Nigeria and Choices 2007 Between Babalakins Airport Terminal and Dukes Tinapa Nigerias Drug War: Dora Akunyili A Champion at home and abroad They can do much better the Exodus of Corruption Purposeful Living /What on ewarh are you here for ?!! Discussions on Nigeria 1 Success Series 1 yoruba movies IGBALA DE LONI FUN GBOGBO ENYIN IJO -MIMO The Rivers of Our Dream: Commentary Combating Corruption Corruptly: The Nigerian Experience OMO IJO MIMO (CELESTIAL CHURCH OF CHRIST ) RONUPIWADA What a shameless people?What a shameless country? Africas Political &Economic liberation BEYOND THEIR ANTICS Group swipes at Opponents of Omehia, says he is the right candidat Omehia's Candidature - A Blessing to PDP... CGG DRAMATIC IRONIES home away from home A TERRIBLE BEAUTY THE NIGER_DELTA: A CRADLE OF VIOLENCE MEND vs. POLICE ONSLAUGHT In Defense Of The Outcast One Dishonesty in Census: what's The Upper Limit? IN DEFENCE OF SANGUINARY GODS The relevance of emotional intelligence in business Why the nice men hurts everybody Malleable pornography is a poison to Youth morals Bringing back life into the family Preventing violent behaviour in children DEVELOPING AN APPEALING LOOK Superior should not count people but count on people CELESTIAL MEMBERS ARE U READY TO MEET JESUS ----IF SO--THIS IS WHAT IS REQUIRED FOR U CELESTIAL MEMBERS TO DO-LISTEN TO HIM-GOD ALMIGHTY THE BRUTAL KILLING,TORTURE AND ARREST OF BIAFRAINS WORD OF THE LORD FOR CELESTIAL MEMBER TO LEARN FROM ABOUT THE LORD MARGINALISATIO OF IGBO RACE AND THE STRUGGLE FOR THE SOVEREIGN STATE OF BIAFRA. What If You And Your Friend Love The Same Person? Tell Your Partner Why You Love Them. Love - Can You Change Your Partner? TAIWO AKINKUNMI- AN HERO WITHOUT HONOR Happy New Year!- Let It Go For 2007... Desparity against the nigeria woman Desparity in judgement Desparity against todays nigeria wo osa mwen na ramwen LIFE SAVING INFORMATION FULFILL YOUR PROMISE LAGOS NA WA!!! New Thing in Nkanu land HEALTH CARE FOR THE POPULACE Tears Of My People oba of lagos Lest We Forget: Lest we forget: Challenging the Heart of Africa Project CELESTIAL CHURCH OF CHRIST-- 0R0 OLUWA KO SI YIN Gen. Buhari is the best choice for Nigeria in 2008 ANALYTICAL DISCOURSE ON THE NIGERIAN WOMAN THE EAGLES GATHER FOR IBB NIGERIA - THE PEOPLE AND THE LEADERS IJO MIMO-- THE WAY FORWARD-CHRIST IS THE HEAD OF THE CHURCH GOVERNOR DONALD DUKE: SAINT OR SINNER? Glory Emeh and RSG Aviation Fraud WHO CORRUPTED THE PUBLIC SERVICE? FASCISM: THE EKITI EXAMPLE THE FESTAC WE ONCE KNEW Nigeria Triple 'C' Syndrome: Diagnositic Appraisal of our Body Polity The Value of Friend, they worth more than you realize? Role Models: Who and Why are you imitating? Overcoming Shyness All about Bliss and why its not a good Idea Deregulation of morality No Visible Alternative Leadership for 2007 - Nigerians in the Diaspora Declares Politics in High Places: Aberant of the Mainstream Opportunity Cost of $125 Million PTDF Fund: Forgone Conclusion Sanctity of Democratic Choice retrenchment NIGERIA LEFT nigerian students' movement who corrupted the public service Nigerian Independence Day Celebration in The Hague. ABC Health Guide for Nigerians Travelling to the U.K DININE TUNR ARUND Ghana Beckons!! thank you ohafia-agba A day with Adewale Ayuba Governor Idris has donewell but people still lay complains War Against Terror - UK Prime Minister, Tony Blair Speaks on Terrorism in Niger Delta NIGERIANS NEED A KEGITE LEADER AS THE NEXT NIGERIA PRESIDENT KEGITES MEMBERS DECLARED SHAME Nigerian Universities In Shambles INFERNO IN ASO VILLA FRIEND' S FAMILY DECONGESTING THE MIND FEAR OF SUCCESS RUMOURS- THE OFFICE VIRUS PAYING ATTENTION TO THE OTHER SIDE WHAT IS THE PROBLEM WITH THESE PUBLIC OFFICERS Introducing LBE HelpDesk the serenity of the niger delta; a review commissioner's sack; why hon. Ambaowei must stay endless tears of niger delta : poems post-UME screening: matters arising Bayelsa as an educational brand Quality E-Books and Softwares with Master Resale Rights the nigerian girl making waves in the uk for her continent! Quality E-Books and Softwares with Master Resale Rights The Future of Immigration in the West ACHIEVERS ARE DREAMERS celestial church of christ pillarand the ground of truth--1tim,3-14-15 Adeyinka Makinde, author of Dick Tiger, interviewed on Global Talk Radio A superlative performance- our heroine on the world stage A day with Olusesan Ekisola pioneer GM, Raypower THE KALEIDOSCOPE OF PRINCE TONYE PRINCEWILL Ma sise lo, ma se wa isimi COOPERATING WITH COLONIAL COOPERATION. NA WA FOR YABA MARKET. Difference between Online Education VS. Traditional Education Divergent Perspectives on the Niger Delta Question Black Prime Minister Not In My Lifetime Declares UK First Black Female Parliamentarian, Diane Abbott Private Soldier Lectures Nigerian Commander-in-Chief UK Prime Minister speaks out on terrorism in Africa Addressing Nigeria's Economic Problems and the Islamist Terrorist Threat Obasanjo pls we need your attention. Lets Make Nigeria Great THE BAD EGGS OF THE NIGERIAN FOOTBALL ASSOCIATION RE: Obasanjo: Nigerians ll Decide My Successor we are one in christ-celestial member--LOVE- IS THE WORD AND WORSHIP IS THE WAY;- THE CYBER INVESTIGATOR PART 1 CHIEF AUDU OGBE IN RETROSPECT Interview Transcript of appearance on 'Garvey's Children' Boxing: Rousing the Nigerian Giant THE APATHY OF FREE MEN AND THE CONSPIRACY OF SILENCE THE NIGER-DELTA: A CRADLE OF VIOLENCE Interview Transcript of appearance on 'Just About Books' Remembering Rex Lawson THIRD TERM: THE COLOSSAL FAILURE OF A BAD IDEA; AN INVESTIGATION NEEDS TO BE CONDUCTED TO SEE WHO GOT WHAT AND WHY. THE NEXT GOVERNMENT HAS A FIDUCIARY DUTY TO CONDUCT AND INVESTIGATION INTO EFFORTS TO ABROGATE OUR CONSTITUTION; LET THE CHIP FALL WHEREEVER discuss the development of fishey in nigeral Tetuila thrills America CALL FOR GENDER EQUALITIES!!! GOD BLESS NNAMANI Beyond Third Term: The untold story... EMOTIONS AND LOVE AFFAIRS cry of help THE NEW AFRICAN ORDER - The times, they are a-changing We must Stop the Government The Iran Question and Nigeria DISCUSS IN DETAILS THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA FROM THE COLONIAL ERA TO THE PRESENT DAY, POINTING OUT CLEARLY ALL AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMMES. The worrisome Lagos-Ibadan traffic Hope for Niger Delta Conference on CURBING YOUTH RESTIVENESS IN THE NIGER DELTA Held on the 29th April 2006 in Rotterdam, The Netherlands. I want your comments The Ambush of Ambition SAY NO TO OBJ THIRD TERM BID internet secrets to money making LET UNITE AND WORSHIP THE TRUE GOD TOGETHER MEMBERS OF (C.C.C.)WORLDWIDE THE NIGERIA POLICE: VICTORS OR VILLAINS THIRD TERM SYNDROME THE IMMINENT DEATH OF A NATION The Messiah illusions of 'scramble democrats' Beyond elections: Niger Delta in perspective Ngige, welcome home from great conquest AFTER THE BATTLE WHAT NEXT Wake up Nigeria The Delta Murder At Dawn Jelili Omotola (1941-2006) In Amsterdam, Nigerian deportee help up our flight for one hour THE WORLD'S NUMBER 1 BLACK BOOK! NIGER DELTA/SLAVE COAST = GARDEN OF EDEN= BLACK PROGRESS? African Union Defined THE DOUBLE VICTIMS OF DEPRAVITY Constitutional Review Obasanjo sliding into a pariah? A Dream of Nigeria: Critical Published Essays 2002 To 2005 Ali Farka Toure (1939-2006) AFRICA - AMERICA DOUBLE STANDARD RELATIONSHIP The Witch of Web-design, the Young Humanitarian and the Scientific-poetic Soul Conference Annoucement!!!!!! Third Term Dilemma A heart for HIV orphans Niger Delta: The Need for Immediate and Urgent International Intervention Ritual Taste In Nigeria. THE NIGER DELTA: A TERRIBLE BEAUTY A TIME TO KILL CRAZY MORALITIES THIRD TERM AGENDA??? THIRD -TERM AGENDA: ANOTHER MANIFESTATION OF THE ELITES' RECURRING CONSPIRACY Do Sumthing! International THE SCANDALOUS ADVOCATES FOR THIRED TERM THE SCANDALOUS ADVOCATES FOR TERM LATELY I HAVE BEEN STARING AT THE MIRROR MOURINHO SHOULD LEARN HOW TO ACCEPT DEFEAT Speech by M. Dominique de Villepin, Minister of Foreign Affairs, to the United Nations Security Council, New York 19.03.2003 NIGERIA AND RELIGIOUS INTOLERANCE. Where is our toil? (a poem) Sorrowful tale (A poem) The beauty and lure of cultism A bad man with good intentions Waltz into darkness Diatribe ans counter diatribe Nigeria: The holocaust agenda The principle of 'chop chop' politics Project Nostradamus The imminent death of a nation The Contenders: Illusions of genuine betrayal Adieu Nigeria Nigeria: Evaluation of the year 2005 Why do we hate him? The Politics of Higher Education UNIONIZING THE NIGERIA POLICE FORCE: THAT THE QUESTION BE NOW PUT So Tafa Balogun is a free man? Words of Wisdom CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT, NOT SOVEREIGN NATIONAL CONFERENCE, IS PATHWAY TO A REFORMED POLITY What has happened to America's Jesus? Insights of Accreditation Six Things Africans Living Abroad Must Note! BEKO IS DEAD: Ace activist succumbs to death after recent battle with ill-health: Soyinka Sad. Row over govt support for Abubakar in U.S. suit by Enahoro, others Your need regarding Online Education Bad leadership and the curse of the Nigerian nation, by Richard Akinjide Trust Your Man ROBBING OUR CHILDREN TO PAY OUR CREDITORS- A CLARION CALL FOR STRONGER U.S. POLICY ON AFRICA Super Eagles Directives for Egypt 2006 NEGLIGENCE AND IGNORANT ATTITUTE Press Statement on President Obasanjo's Third Term Agenda Shared Responsibility for African peace And Security CHARLES TAYLOR: THE GROWING TRENDS OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LITIGATION IN THE U.S - A NEW DAWN OF CHALLENGES FOR NIGERIAN AMERICAN LAWYERS Federalism Explained Removing Immunity Clause from the Constitution will undermine Executive Capacity Being a Nigerian REST HOUSE FOR THE AGED IN NIGERIA THE RETURN OF GALADIMA TO THE GLASS HOUSE Putting the Nation on a New Political Path: The Nigerian DREAM Perspectives Types in Logo Design Procrastination: The Thief of Time -(A Personal Tribute to Bimbo Odukoya) Sokoto State: of Despots and Mercenariess Logo Design Buyers Guide WHICH WAY NIGERIA? "Allow me to say nothing" Sokoto State house of Assembly: A mockery of Democracy? From Nigeria to God The cockroch is ready to die Violence Against Women!!!!!! Stop Violence Against Women! Open Letter to Alhaji Umarun Kwabo, AA The Petition that Nailed Governor Alamieyeseigha - what do you think? stay connected Thought transfer Where is Sergeant Rogers? Ken Saro-Wiwa's Closing Statement Alamieseigha's Case, HNDC Stand! DSP Alamieyeseigha U2 Tickets Niger Delta Shall Overcome! Sirleaf: The making of Africas first female President Fasehun, Dokubo, Uwazurike, Adams: Beginning of the end for militia lords? THE RICH ALSO CRY...A TRIBUTE TO BELLVIEW FLIGHT 210 AND MRS STELLA OBASANJO Who Deserves to Die? Is poverty a curse? The travails of Alamieyeseigha Baba-Chelsea - An Interview with Gen. Babangida Rape Too cold for comfort Ribadus comedy of errors Relationships: Embarrassing Moments! (2) NIGERIANS IN DIASPORA - Are you worried that your kids do not know Nigeria? Nigerian foreign policy under the military Role of Press in Nation building. How Long The I-Pod Generation Comes to Town FG Has No Power to Waive Governors Immunity Your adversary, your opportunity Gods calendar and the Holy Spirit New Orleans, the voodoo city, goes down Injustice In Niger Delta HIV/AIDS: Why ICASA and NACA must succeed Is Atiku truly disloyal? Dokubo worth trillions to Nigeria's unity In the name of the father, the mother, and the son! NIGERIA LEADERS MUST FIGHT CORRUPTION TO AVOID THE PEOPLES FURY Delta politics and the age factor NEPA: A nation in perpetual darkness (2) Debt relief... nothing to celebrate? Debt relief or treasonable scam? NEPA : A nation in perpetual darkness What Fayose and his men saw in Jigawa (1) CreditRegistry Corporation: Nigeria Credit Service Pioneer Police, soldier united in a cause challenges facing the new saudi monarch Art of reporting terror Dictators in civil clothing When will the North reason properly? Resource Control Set To Tear Nigeria Apart. EMMERGING FINANCIAL SCENERIO - MERGER AND ACQUISITION - A PERSPECTIVE Realities in marriage Women who live and die for our world: Wangari Maathai and Kay Ruth Williams This is no time for roforofo Trickles of victory for the state PDP battle shifts to Akwa Ibom My Rwandan woman and her baby A TRIBUTE TO THE UNITED STATES Good times, bad times The riddle of succession Random thoughts on the confab Sideview: Blood, tyranny and corruption Greg Mbadiwe and the power merchants Abusive relationship: What you can do Marginalization, what marginalization? HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES BY THE UNDEMOCRATIC OBASANJO REGIME ON THE NIGER DELTA PEOPLE. Lead a responsible life Nigeria's Government Betrayal of the People of Niger Delta Live 8 Concert: Where are my African Brethrens? Sad state of Affairs Obasanjo, Young, and Masters: What kind of cabal? What life are we living?the thief among us A South-South President: The quest for equity, justice and fair play Professor Ibrahim Gambari and June 12: The "un-disgraced" collaborator Tragic end of the peoples pilot: Captain Jerry Agbeyegbe June 12: Never, never again Gani versus the newest librarians Celebrating Obasanjocracy A parable for Nigeria This Animal Called Nigerian A Review Of 318 Odontogenic Tumors In Kaduna, Nigeria The Nigerian child: A future so bleak Ritual Killing and Pseudoscience in Nigeria Go south, con man | Why Nigerian fraudsters now like working in South Africa Stiff penalties for footballers Ken Nnamani and the new way No one loves Nigeria Book of life Ehindero begged me to cool down Nigeria Time to Cut a Debt Deal? Decoding the US alarm on Nigeria A decade & two funerals A nation of riggers Let's rotate the Presidency The bell tolls for Nigeria COUNSELLING STUDENTS OF THE FACULTY OF EDUCATION AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI AGAINST EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE NUCVIHEP'S MODULE 2 PROJECT NUCVIHEP'S MODULE 3 PROJECT ASSESSMENT OF THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF THE CURRENT M.ED. ADULT EDUCATION (COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND EXTENSION SERVICES) CURRICULUM OF UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI. CULTURAL PROBLEMS IN AFRICA The Plague AFRICAN VALUES AND FALSE PERCEPTIONS September 11; What lesson have we learned? AFRICAN LEADERS; WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE…? NIGERIA; WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE...? CORRUPTION AND NIGERIA GOVERNMENT IS THIS DEMOCRACY...? I REALLY DONT KNOW WAR AGAINST IRAQ; WHAT FUTURE FOR THE YOUTH? WHEN UNITED NATIONS TURNED DIVIDED NATIONS... IN MY COUNTRY... MY DREAMS FOR NIGERIA NIGERIA AND HER SYSTEMS, WHERE HAVE WE GONE WRONG? INTERNATIONAL COURT FRUSTRATES NIGERIAN MILITARY MULLAHS In POLITICS Why and How Women are Exploited by Men Worldwide Congratulations for what? Trouble in the Nigerian House of Othman Dan Bello One flag one country one continent Obasanjo, at times like this

Written by: Detroit, Michigan






















FEATURE ARTICLE








NIGERIAWEB | ODILI.NET | MESSAGEBOARD | NAIJANET.COM | COMMENTARY
 | SEARCH  




 








Kayode Oladele, Esq.Saturday, November 19, 2005










advertisement











kayoladele@yahoo.com
Detroit, MI, USA

ANNOUNCE THIS ARTICLE TO YOUR FRIENDS


CHARLES TAYLOR:
WHY HE WOULD NOT ESCAPE PROSECUTION FOR CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY IN VIOLATION OF INTERNATIONAL LAW




he call for the arrests and prosecution of Charles Taylor former President of Liberia who was granted political asylum and refugee status by President Olusegun Obasanjo as part of an AU Deal to "bring peace to Liberia and end the bloodshed" in that Country, took a new turn recently when the United States was reported as circulating a resolution that calls on UN peacekeepers in Liberia to arrest former president Charles Taylor should he return home. Mr. Taylor has been living in exile in Nigeria since august 2003. He has been indicted on war crimes charges by the UN-backed special court in Sierra Leone.











According to the report by the Associated Press, the resolution calls on the peacekeepers to then turn Mr. Taylor over to the special court. The draft resolution also expresses appreciation to Nigeria and its president, Olusegun Obasanjo, "for their contributions to restoring stability in the West African sub-region". It also acknowledges "that Nigeria acted with broad international support when it decided to provide former president Charles Taylor temporary refuge in Nigeria". But the proposed resolution stresses "that a return to Liberia of former president Taylor, who remains under indictment by the special court for Sierra Leone, would constitute an impediment to stability and a threat to the peace of Liberia and that of the sub-region". It would therefore expand the mandate of the UN peacekeeping force in Liberia to apprehend Taylor "and, without the need for further authorization or approval of any party, to transfer him or facilitate his transfer to Sierra Leone for prosecution before the special court for Sierra Leone".

Further, in a joint statement released sometime in July 2005, the leaders of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea also called on Nigeria to review the asylum terms of former Liberian president Charles Taylor. However, despite increasing international pressure, Nigeria refuses to hand over Taylor until or unless there is explicit evidence that the former president is in breach of his asylum terms, which ban him from meddling in Liberia's political affairs or until the soon-to-be elected Liberian government requests his extradition - a government that many observers fear will reflect Taylor's continued influence in the region and fail to call for his handover to the Special Court for Sierra Leone.







advertisement


Click Here!
Meanwhile, in a recent Whitehouse report by Ryan Lizza of The New Republic on-line, Taylor has brazenly flouted the terms of his exile. Last April, he gave an hour-long TV interview in Nigeria in which he said he would like to return to Liberia. He has been in regular contact via e-mail and telephone with his former aides. He is helping several parties that competed in the just concluded Liberian elections. In August this year, the United Nations had to place a travel ban on several Liberians because they were acting as couriers for Taylor. A March 17 U.N. report noted, "[F]ormer military commanders and business associates, as well as members of [Taylor's] political party, maintain regular contact with him and are planning to undermine the peace process."

Last month, Jacques Klein, the U.N. special representative in Liberia, told NPR that Taylor's former allies are simply awaiting his return to the country. "Charles Taylor's a psychopath and a killer," Klein added. "He's still very much involved. He's intrusive in Liberian politics." Yet the Nigerian Government has not found any sufficient evidence of violations of the terms of his asylum. When the U.S president, Bush acquiesced to Taylor's asylum deal in 2003, State Department officials promised critics of the agreement that Taylor's exile was simply a temporary step in bringing him to justice, insisting that the soft landing for Taylor was the only way to avert catastrophe in Liberia. "First we'll get him out of Liberia, then we'll get him to the Court," an official in the Department's African Affairs Bureau told Ryan Lizza of the New Republic at the time. But since then, the Nigerian government has blatantly refused to honor its obligations to hand over Charles Taylor for war crimes prosecution in Sierra Leon.

Without doubt, the decision of president Obasanjo to grant refugee status to Charles Taylor was an international embarrassment to Nigeria and violates Nigeria's obligations to surrender a person indicted for crimes under international law or to submit the case to its prosecuting authorities. And I agree with the Human Rights Watch that this infamous refusal to hand over Charles Taylor not only undermines the principle that crimes against humanity in Africa should not go unpunished, but it also poses a risk to stability in West Africa. Taylor has been charged with serious violations of the Geneva Convention, which establishes the rules of warfare, and crimes against humanity. The court alleges that he is among those who bear the greatest responsibility for widespread and systematic rape, murder, physical violence, including mutilation and amputation and other atrocities in Sierra Leone through his support and guidance of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) rebel movement. The Special Court has indicted Charles Taylor on 17 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity for his role in Sierra Leone's civil war from 1991 to 2002.

Perhaps, what should have been the 18th count against Taylor was ordering the torture and execution of two Nigerian Journalists, namely, Tayo Awotunsin of the Champion newspaper and Krees Imodibie of the Guardian who were killed in 1992 by Charles Taylor's rebels while on assignments in Liberia. The Taylor-backed RUF rebels singled them out as Nigerians among other captives for amputation, brutalized and killed them. Both the United Nations and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) have made independent determinations that Charles Taylor was not only the main supporter of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) rebels known for chopping off the limbs of hundreds of civilians in Sierra Leone, but also the prime instigator of most of the conflicts in West Africa.

This charge may have been embedded in the 17 counts but a separate count or charge against Charles Taylor for violating a specific article in the protocol aimed at protecting war journalists is desired. Article 79 of the Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I) clearly laid down the standard for protecting journalists covering a war. The separate recognition accorded the status of journalists covering war by the Protocol implies that a breach of the article could trigger an independent count or charge against the perpetrators of the offense instead of lumping up such count together with other counts. Be that as it may, Taylor would not escape criminal prosecution for the murder of these war correspondents who were executed on his orders. According to the court's chief prosecutor, Desmond De Silva, the tribunal is pressing Nigeria to hand over Taylor because there is a body of evidence that will demonstrate his connection with these crimes.

The Jus Cogens nature of Taylor's crimes against humanity.

Even if the War Crime tribunal closes without trying Taylor, he will not escape prosecution if he is found afterwards. And if he is found in the United States, he may also face civil lawsuit under the Alien Tort Claims Act and the Torture Victims Protection Act for these acts of crimes against humanity. Crimes against humanity are subject to universal jurisdiction. This principle has been recognized under international law since the establishment of the International Military Tribunal of Nuremberg, which had jurisdiction over crimes against humanity regardless of where they were committed.

Crimes against humanity and the norms, which regulate them form part of jus cogens (fundamental norms). As such, they are preemptory norms of general international law that, as recognized in Article 53 of the Vienna Convention of the Law of Treaties (1969), cannot be modified or revoked by treaty or national law. The article provides that "a preemptory norm of general international law is a norm accepted and recognized by the international community of states as a whole as a norm from which no derogation is permitted and which can be modified only by a subsequent norm of general international law having the same character." Indeed, as the International Court of Justice recognized in Barcelona Traction, Light and Power Company Ltd, Judgment (ICT. 1972 Report, p.32) the prohibition in international law of crimes against humanity, is an obligation erga omnes which all states have a legal interest in ensuring its implementation

The above legal interest permits any state to exercise universal jurisdiction over persons suspected of committing these crimes against humanity. As a result, a number of states have enacted legislation permitting their courts to exercise universal civil or criminal jurisdiction over crimes committed against humanity. An example is the Alien Tort Claims Act 28 U.S.C. Section 1350 of the United States and the Torture Victims Protection Act. However, the failure to incorporate international law as crimes against humanity within domestic criminal or civil law of a state does not excuse that state from international responsibility to bring to justice those responsible for inflicting such crimes.

According to the U.N. Committee against torture, there exists "a general rule of international law which should oblige all states to take effective measures to prevent torture and to punish acts of torture". The principal exception to the general rule, that U.S. courts do not have jurisdiction over suits whose parties and subject matter are wholly foreign, are the Alien Tort Claims Statute, 28 U.S.C.A. 1350 and the Torture Victims Protection Act..

Writing on Civil Remedies for Gross Human Rights Violations, Michael Ratner posits that civil remedies have an important role to play as a means of enforcing human rights norms. Courts in the United States have pioneered the use of civil remedies to sue human rights violators. Litigation under the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA or sec. 1350) and the Torture Victim Protection Act (TVPA) have resulted in millions of dollars in judgments, and have had an important impact on plaintiffs and human rights both in the United States and internationally. Such cases do not require official approval; they can be brought by individuals who have control over the lawsuits and thus are less subject to political vagaries.

Civil remedies include damage awards for injuries and punitive damages meant to deter future abusive conduct as well as send a message to others that such conduct is unacceptable. In addition to any money that can be collected, these cases are important to the victims and their families. Plaintiffs are allowed to tell their stories to a court, can often confront their abusers, and create an official record of their persecutions. This in turn could lead to a criminal prosecution. An important aspect of civil suits is the annunciation of legal norms: courts declaring that torture and other abuses are violations of international law. These decisions have an effect internationally: a number of the Law Lords in the Pinochet decisions relied on ATCA and TVPA precedents.

The Alien Tort Claims Statute, 28 U.S.C.A. 1350 provides:

"The District Courts shall have original jurisdiction of any civil action by an alien for a tort only, committed in violation of the law of nations or a treaty of the United States." By virtue of the foregoing provision, the statute provides, therefore, a private right of action concerning violation of (i) jus cogens (internationally recognized norms) or (ii) of treaty of the United States.

Deliberate torture or extra -judicial murder perpetuated under color of official authority violates universally accepted norms of international law of human rights, regardless of the nationalities of parties, and thus, whenever an alleged torturer is found and served with court process by an alien within the borders of the United States, U.S.C.A. 1350 provides federal jurisdiction. Torture or extra-judicial murder constitutes cognizable violation of law of nations for purposes of the Alien Tort Act and Torture Victims Protection Act. Since Taylor committed deliberate torture and extra-judicial murder of the two journalists in violation of international law, he is tortuously liable for civil suit in the U.S.

The Alien Tort Claims Act and the Torture Victims Protection Act are congressional acts. Federal courts in U.S treat the acts as incorporating rules of international law as federal rules of decision in which Plaintiffs may base their claims for monetary damages. In addition, there is a line of federal cases to the effect that some rules of customary international law have the status of federal common law in the United States. The rules most likely to have this status would be specific rules protecting basic human rights, such as the rule against torture, extra-judicial killing, inhuman and degrading treatment.

In a recent article written by James Seitua, the Perspective, Atlanta Georgia, and quoting from the Nigerian Vanguard, two Nigerians referred to only as Messrs David and Emmanuel, earlier in 2004 filed separate suits asking the judge of the Federal High Court in Abuja to strip Taylor of his political asylum granted by the government so as to face justice before the war crimes tribunal in Sierra Leone.

The plaintiffs alleged that the Taylor-backed RUF rebels, having been singled out as Nigerians among other captives for amputation, brutalized them. But the Nigerian government countered their claims, calling the suits unconstitutional and saying that Taylor played no role in the Sierra Leonean conflict as he was busy containing the insurgents in his own country while at the same time coping with the influx of refugees from Sierra Leone. But no one expects Messrs David and Emmanuel to win a case against a man whose future with official Nigeria is so bright that he was recently allowed to hold a televised news conference to give justifications for the murders of the two Nigerian journalists.

Whether or not these Nigerian plaintiffs win, the march to their victory and the victory of all the victims of Charles Taylor's evil empire had begun with the first step. The U.S Torture Victim Protection Act provides that claimants under "this Act" must first exhaust available remedies in their home country before filing a lawsuit in the U.S. Section 2 of the Torture Victims Protection Act states that:



  1. Liability- An individual who, under actual or apparent authority, or color of law, of any foreign nation--



    1. subjects an individual to torture shall, in a civil action, be liable for damages to that individual; or


    2. subjects an individual to extrajudicial killing shall, in a civil action, be liable for damages to the individual's legal representative, or to any person who may be a claimant in an action for wrongful death.


  2. Exhaustion of Remedies- A court shall decline to hear a claim under this section if the claimant has not exhausted adequate and available remedies in the place in which the conduct giving rise to the claim occurred.

It is therefore, a welcome development that a lawsuit had been filed against Taylor in Nigeria. It immaterial what the outcome is, it is the exhaustion of local remedies which is a charade that matters. It is also a prelude to a more significant international trial under both the Alien Tort Claims Act and the Torture Victims Protection Act that would soon emerge.

Protection of Journalists under the Geneva Conventions

In addition to the laws examined above, the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols are international treaties that contain the most important rules limiting the barbarity of war and prescribing the treatment of war correspondents and civilian populace in general. These Conventions protect people who do not take part in the fighting (civilians, medics, aid workers) and those who can no longer fight (wounded, sick and shipwrecked troops, prisoners of war).

According to Kenneth Payne, in his paper, The Media as an Instrument of War, the overarching framework of international humanitarian law governing the conduct of belligerents dates to an era before the expansion of international news networks that operates across a range of media and are capable of live battlefield reporting. Early international humanitarian law did not give a great deal of attention to the rights and responsibilities of the media in war.

As noted in the Commentary on the first Protocol additional to the Geneva Conventions, "International humanitarian law instruments dating from before 1977 do not contain any special provisions relating to journalists or their mission. The 1949 Geneva Conventions do, however, address the position of battlefield reporters, at least in terms of the obligations of combatants toward detained correspondents. Journalists are to be afforded all the protection due to combatants, and, while their equipment could be confiscated on capture, they are not legally obliged to respond to interrogation.

Sick or wounded correspondents should receive medical treatment and, if detained by belligerents, they should be treated humanely. This can be found in Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977. Part IV: Civilian population. Section III-Treatment of persons in the power of a party to the conflict, Chapter III-Journalists. According to Human Rights Education Associates (HREA), the majority of today's armed conflicts take place within the territory of a state: they are conflicts of a non-international character.

A common feature of many such internal armed conflicts is the intervention of armed forces of another state, supporting the government or the insurgents. The substantive rules of humanitarian law governing non-international armed conflicts are much simpler than their counterparts governing international conflicts. They are derived from one main source, namely article 3 common to the four Geneva Conventions of 1949, which obliges the parties to an internal conflict to respect some basic principles of humanitarian behavior.

This International humanitarian law aims at limiting the suffering caused by war by forcing parties engaged in a conflict to among others, engage in limited methods and means of warfare; differentiate between civilian population and combatants, and work to spare civilian population and property; abstain from harming or killing an adversary who surrenders or who can no longer take part in the fighting and abstain from physically or mentally torturing or performing cruel punishments on adversaries. Article 3 is binding not only on governments but also on insurgents such as Charles Taylor's without, however, conferring any special status upon them.

As civilians, journalists are entitled by the 1977 Protocol to "enjoy general protection against the dangers arising from military operations" and "shall not be the object of attack. Article 79, Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I) states that:



  1. Journalists engaged in dangerous professional missions in areas of armed conflict shall be considered as civilians within the meaning of Article 50, paragraph 1.


  2. They shall be protected as such under the Conventions and this Protocol, provided that they take no action adversely affecting their status as civilians, and without prejudice to the right of war correspondents accredited to the armed forces to the status provided for in Article 4 (A) (4) of the Third Convention.


  3. They may obtain an identity card similar to the model in Annex II of this Protocol. This card, which shall be issued by the government of the State of which the Journalist is a national or in whose territory he resides or in which the news medium employing him is located, shall attest to his status as a journalist.

The Geneva Conventions define civilians in "Convention III Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, Part I (1949)", Article 50 as anyone who is not a member of the armed forces of a party to the conflict, or of a militia, or an inhabitant of a non-occupied territory who takes up arms on the approach of invading forces, provided they carry arms openly and respect the laws of war. To this end, correspondents or journalists have an obligation to differentiate themselves from combatants, for example by not wearing military uniforms. As the Commentary on the 1977 Protocol states, "On the battlefield a combatant cannot reasonably be asked to spare an individual whom he cannot identify as a journalist.

Any act of violation of the 1949 Geneva Conventions is regarded as a war crime: Willful killing; torture; inhuman treatment; extensive destruction and appropriation of property. Taylor and his group had a clear obligation to avoid harming the correspondents while carrying out (war) operations. There is no doubt at all that he targeted, attacked, tortured and killed these journalists in grave and serious violations of international law. What is shocking about it all is the lack of denial of responsibility from Taylor; hence, Taylor and others who were responsible are either in the context of Liberia or Sierra Leone, liable for the killing of the two journalists and must be brought to justice.

Both Imodibe and Awotusin were not combatants and were not in the battle field as soldiers. They were not caught in cross fire but they were maliciously executed by Charles Taylor just because they were Nigerians. In the words of the Paris-based journalists' organization; 'Reporters without Borders', "a media outlet cannot be a military target under international law and its equipment and installations are civilian property protected as such under the Geneva Conventions". For the violation of the Conventions and the killing of these journalists and several hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians, Taylor and his collaborators must be arrested and prosecuted accordingly.

A war criminal cannot be granted a "Safe Haven". According to Human Rights First, unfortunately, the language being used by those discussing Taylor today-including words such as asylum, safe haven, sanctuary, and refuge-threatens to blur the distinction between indicted criminals like Taylor and the victims of human rights violations who seek protection abroad (refugees). There is a danger that the institution of asylum will be tainted by association with impunity if such a high profile fugitive is granted sanctuary. Of course, Nigeria may admit Taylor to its territory without considering him a refugee. And whatever it decides to do, it must protect him from serious violations of his human rights. But at the same time, it is also obliged to ensure that Taylor-n indicted war criminal-s brought to justice.

I will conclude this article with a story from the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial as recorded by Eugene Davidson in his book "The Trial of the Germans". This story would serve as a reminder to Taylor that he may run or may be shielded from the law today, but he can not escape the wrath of the law for the crimes he committed against humanity.

According to the record, on 1st November, 1943, Cordell Hull (USA), Anthony Eden (Britain) and Vyacheslav Molotov (Soviet Union) signed in Moscow a declaration that warned that the Allies were determined to bring to justice those "German officers and men and members of the Nazi Party who have been responsible for atrocities, massacres and executions." In May 1945, Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman, Joseph Stalin and Charles De Gaulle agreed that an international military tribunal should try the leaders of Nazi Germany for war crimes. It was decided to charge the men and women on four counts: crimes against peace (planning and making war); war crimes (responsibility for crimes during war); crimes against humanity (racial persecution) and conspiracy to commit other crimes.

The tribunal's judges included Frances Biddle (USA), Norman Birkett (Britain), Robert Falco (France), Geoffrey Lawrence (Britain), John Parker (USA), Roman Rudenko (Soviet Union) and Henry Donnedieu de Vabres (France). The Tribunal convicted all the perpetrators of war crime and sentenced them to death by hanging.

A journalist, Howard K. Smith, observed the execution of Wilhelm Frick and nine other leaders of the Nazi Party on 1st October 1946. Hans Frank was next in the parade of death. He was the only one of the condemned to enter the chamber with a smile on his countenance. Although nervous and swallowing frequently, this man, who was converted to Roman Catholicism after his arrest, gave the appearance of being relieved at the prospect of atoning for his evil deeds. He answered to his name quietly and when asked for any last statement, he replied in a low voice that was almost a whisper, "I am thankful for the kind treatment during my captivity and I ask God to accept me with mercy."

The sixth man to leave his prison cell and walk with handcuffed wrists to the death house was 69-year-old Wilhelm Frick. He entered the execution chamber at 2.05 a.m., six minutes after Rosenberg had been pronounced dead. He seemed the least steady of any so far and stumbled on the thirteenth step of the gallows. His only words were, "Long live eternal Germany," before he was hooded and dropped through the trap.

Ernst Kaltenbrunner entered the execution chamber at 1.36 a.m., wearing a sweater beneath his blue double-breasted coat. With his lean haggard face furrowed by old duelling scars, this terrible successor to Reinhard Heydrich had a frightening look as he glanced around the room. He wet his lips apparently in nervousness as he turned to mount the gallows, but he walked steadily. This was the man, one of whose agents - a man named Rudolf Hoess - confessed at a trial that under Kaltenbrunner's orders he gassed 3 million human beings at the Auschwitz concentration camp!

As the black hood was raised over his head Kaltenbrunner, still speaking in a low voice, used a German phrase which translated means, "Germany, good luck." Anyone who commits crime must be tried and convicted if found guilty as charged; therefore, someday, somehow, sometime and somewhere , Taylor, yet unrepentant and unremorseful, like unrepentant convicted German criminals of war would pay the ultimate price for the atonement of his crime and bid farewell to Liberia - it is a requirement of justice.



Kayode Oladele, Esq., is President of Justice Center, Detroit, Michigan











   1999-2006 NIGERIAWORLD.COM    Privacy | Affiliate Program | Advertise | Contact


Read Full Story Here.... :



Add Comment

* Required information
1000
Captcha Image

Comments (0)

No comments yet. Be the first!