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Gov. Amaechi Tackles Youths Unemployment
Should Sports Not Be A Part Of Okonjo Iweala (Entertainment Industry) Economy Diversification Drive
Should Sports Not Be A Part Of Okonjo Iweala (Entertainment Industry) Economy Diversification Drive
HP Mobile Authentication Helps Protect Customers Against Counterfeits
NIGERIA TODAY
Ibis Hotel to Extend Equity in Nigeria, Offer Promo to Customers
Looting of treasury at the top
SUBSIDIES ON PETROL
Youthful magnate extends Midas touch to lifestyle mag .
OK! Magazine in association with MTN to launch in Nigeria
Hon Emeka Ihedioha: Constituency fund Initiated Project and Matters Arising
Lamit Cup - Clay Shooting Competition by Lamit Sports
File Restore Tool – Capable to Recover Lost Data
Nigeria @ 51
VENIVIICI.COM, ONLINE RETAIL STORE TO LAUNCH OCTOBER 1, 2011
CORRUPTION; THE GREATEST CHALLENGE!
THE NIGERIA OF MY DREAMS (PART 2).
THE NIGERIA OF MY DREAMS (PART 1).
THE PRESIDENCY MUST HEAR THIS.
The Dying Education And The Unborn Redeemers.
PRINCEWILL AND HIS LOVE FOR THE LESS PRIVILEGED IN NIGERIA
Ngor/Okpala: A Council Area in Need of Development
OK! NIGERIA ANNOUNCES EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
THE INFLUENCE OF TELEVISION ON FAMILY INSTITUTION IN NIGERIA
For they know not!
Solving our poverty and unemployment crises…a Malay-Israeli approach
socio economic transformation of nigeria
Original Quotes
Exposing the menace of counterfeiting
Pan African Airlines (Nigeria) Ltd. Signs Agreement to Provide First Class Services
Nigerian Authorities Execute Seizure of Fake Printing Supplies for HP Printers
celestial church- thy joy of thy lord unto we all
How to monitor entire keystrokes using key logger software
Governor Rochas: Declare State Of Emergency in State Public Schools
Imo State: Dissolution of LGA council and matters arising
Imo State: Owelle Rochas Not A Miracle Worker
Imo State Government: Save Amala/Ntu Secondary School from Total Rot
We welcome you, Nigeria!
THE DIVINE MERCY (FREE AUDIO PRAYER)
The road to stardom..................No room for mistakes.
THE NIGERIA OF MY DREAMS (PART 1)
Access important data from formatted hard drive data
THE RESILIENCE THAT PAID OFF!
Ohakim’s Empowerment Application Form (Per Ward): A Real or False Bait?
What will happen to the killers,the muslims in the north?
2011 Imo Gubernatorial Polls: Governor Ohakim Beyond Electorates Redemption
Profile of Warisenibo (Hon.) Dakuku Adolphus Peterside
April 2011 Polls: Princewill Commends Rivers’s People and Prof. Jega
RIVERS GUBER 2011: AMAECHI, SEKIBO OR OMEHIA: WHO IS EASY CHOICE FOR THE RIVERS STATE PEOPLE?
Nigeria: Is there any hope for the poorest of the poor?
PPA Winds up Door to Door Electoral Campaign Exercise; as Princewill Urges Voters to Convert Overwhelming Support to Physical Votes on Election Dates
Hon. Chief Peterside Dakuku and His Triumphant Entry into Andoni Kingdom
Hon. Chief Peterside Dakuku and His Triumphant Entry into Andoni Kingdom
2011: THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY TO BE REINVIGORATED AS GOV AMAECHI UNLEASHES HIS FIRST ELEVEN ON THE HAPLESS OPPOSITION IN RIVERS STATE
2011: THE PRINCIPLE OF “ANYA-NELI”, CHIEF BARR. EZEBUNWO NYESOM WIKE AND THE POLITICAL FUTURE OF RIVERS STATE – AN OVERVIEW OF AN INSIDER
Have you lost your important files and folders?
$5,000,000. interswitch ATM Card
ARE AFRICANS RELIGIOUS PEOPLE OR FETISH INHABITANTS? DO THEY HAVE A UNIFYING RELIGION AND CULTURE? TOWARDS A PEDAGOGICAL RESPONSE! part 4
Opobians in Diaspora Drum Support for Hon. Dakuku Peterside
ARE AFRICANS RELIGIOUS PEOPLE OR FETISH INHABITANTS? DO THEY HAVE A UNIFYING RELIGION AND CULTURE? TOWARDS A PEDAGOGICAL RESPONSE! Part 3
Port Harcourt rally stampede is heartbreaking - Princewill
ARE AFRICANS RELIGIOUS PEOPLE OR FETISH INHABITANTS? DO THEY HAVE A UNIFYING RELIGION AND CULTURE? TOWARDS A PEDAGOGICAL RESPONSE! part 2
ARE AFRICANS RELIGIOUS PEOPLE OR FETISH INHABITANTS? DO THEY HAVE A UNIFYING RELIGION AND CULTURE? TOWARDS A PEDAGOGICAL RESPONSE! part 1
Hon. Dakuku Peterside: The House of Representative Candidate and His Political Movement
Nigeria: The Ban on Commercial Motorcyclists
Princewill Pays Homage to his Father, Urges Kalabari Natives to Vote for Amaechi
Dr. Dawari George: Truth about the House of Representatives candidate
It's in you; oh Citizen.
Niger/Delta: Militancy or Criminality a Genuine Cause for Agitation?
Niger/Delta: Militancy or Criminality a Genuine Cause for Agitation?
Inec Urged To Extend Registration Days
2011 Election: The Odd Favors Goodluck Jonathan Over Nuhu Ribadu
Praise For Dr Dalhatu Tafida From A Global Group
Goodluck Jonathan Triumphs In Pdp Party Primary
Online Marketing
APGA, WHICH WAY?
Atiku Abubakar’s Desperation and His Politics of Entitlement
Igbos and the 2011 Elections
Goodluck Jonathan Global Campaign Team disappointed over Choice of Atiku as Consensus Candidate
Internet usage by country: Nigeria has more per capita internet users than India
And They Lived Happily Everafter....
Poll: Jonathan Could Beat Atiku in 2011 PDP Presidential Primaries
Goodluck Jonathan Campaign Team Concentrate on Jonathan's Voter Registration Drive
U.S. Interests in Nigeria’s Financial Reform Success
Global Diaspora CampaignTeam Lauds Dr Dalhatu Tafida contributions towards Dr Goodluck Jonathan 2011
Dr Goodluck Jonathan’s Use of Social Media Campaign
WHAT SHOULD CHRISTIAN DO ABOUT THE PLIGHT OF THE POOL IN OUR SOCIETY AND IN OTHER PART OF THE WORLD
ARE HOMOSEXUAL CHRISTIANITY GENUINE: SHOULD WE ACCEPT THEM TO CHURCH?
WHAT IS CHRISTIAN VIEW ABOUT ABORTION
IS THERE ANY HARM IN SEX BEFORE MARRIAGE?
IS IT A DIRECTIVE FROM GOD THAT THE CHURCH SHOULD BE SILENT ON POLITICAL AFFIARS?
WHAT IS CHRISTIANITY STAND ON RACIAL PREJUDICEAND SECURITY REVENGE?
THINKING THROUGH THE REALITY OF MORAL ISSUES IN OUR GENERATION
Pornography Use in a Marriage
The Question of Love, Sex in Marriage
COMPOSITION OF ADULTERY
THE MENACE OF SECRET SOCIETIES IN NIGERIA
Nigeria @ 50: What happened to the ‘Giant of Africa’?
Happy Birthday Nigeria…..
CELESTIAL CHURCH OF CHRIST-IMOLE KRISTI DE LATI BA WA GBE NINU IJO MIMO
2011: WHITHER YOUTH CANDIDATES
A well fed slave and a hungry free man: who is better
the field were glory does not stay (Poem)
Beauty and Persnality
What I wish I had known before coming to the USA.
Hannibal was black
In support of Zoning system of government
A MESSAGE OF HOPE
A MWA
SHOULD WE BELIEVE IN GOD ?
Undelete data from faulty data storage media
LIFE AFTER DIVORCE
Kpako Husband
CONFIRMED!!! HOW I MADE $250 IN 24HOURS WITH MY LIBERTY RESERVE ACCOUNT
IN DEFENCE OKADA MEN
PROSTITUTION A SOCIAL MENACE
ONE MILLION YOUTH MARCH AT KEBBI FOR WHAT?
Why Nigeria Crashed Out of The World Cup
failed marriages
Open letter to Alhaji Sani Yerima
Nurturing Effective and Elective Democracy in Nigeria
Death of the zoning system: A muted grief
The Niger Delta Question
IBB AT YOUR SERVICE
EDMARK INTERNATIONAL HAS CHANGED NIGERIANS FINANCIALLY
AN ATRIBUTE TO OUR DEAR PERSIDENT
tribute to our dear president
How ThisDay Newspapers 'Scandalized' President Obama's Nigerian Nominee
2011: What if it is Babangida again?
THY GOOD SHERPERD- OLUSHOAGUTAN RERE
where to keep your problem
This Graveyard called Nigeria
The Paedophiles in our midst
State of the Nation and a Credible 2011 Elections: Matters Arising
Yar’Adua-Jonathan Political Muddle: What Lies Ahead?
Dear Bishop Oyedepo
Gospel of Wickedness – The Hypocrisy and Falsehood of Helen Ukpabio – Part 2.
Gospel of Wickedness – The Hypocrisy and Falsehood of Helen Ukpabio – Part 1.
Nigeria Mass Media - The Fourth Estate of Graft
LIFE AND TESTIMONY
Emenogu, world number four, eyes WBC crown
A SEALED PRAYER
Life after death
Responding to Mr Dodo's letter
The Stampede for N4million naira on namywedding,com
Illogicality and Absurdities: Open letter to Turai Yar’adua
EARTHQUAKE REVIEF MISSION
Emmanuel TV Haiti Earthquake Relief Team
RELAX… AND ENJOY YOUR WINE.
A VITAL TOOLS TO THE WORLD
BEHOLD! TB JOSHUA’S NEW MYSTERY LADY
The dangers of heterodoxy – Open letter to Evangelist Helen Ukpabio
T.B JOSHUA IS NOT BUILDING IN GHANA
NIGERIA LEADERSHIP CRISES: THE PAUL DIKE OPTION
TB JOSHUA IS GREECE'S BIGGEST THREAT IN SA WORLD CUP – GREEK NATIONAL NEWSPAPER
A later to my brothers and sisters!
HAITI and NIGERIA: Case studies in failure of Human Management of natural resources.
The End of Plenty: Nigeria’s “Malthusian Curse”
A Letter to the America President from a Nigerian
Why I Will Not Support Prof. Chukwuma Soludo
Barack Obama: Man of the Year 2009
Labyrinth of Leadership: Nigeria’s Peculiar Mess (penkelemesi)
studying abroad is not a child`s play
Nigeria, Niger Delta Violence and the Biafra Connection: A Political Discourse By Chris Onyema
The Parody of Nigerian Education and the Alternative Search for Foreign Certificate: Whither the Hope of a Better Future? (Part I)
GREAT MEN AND HISTOTRY
2011: Ibrahim Shekarau as President
What we must tell the President
Nigeria: when is the relieve coming? (2)
THE AFRICA CHALLENGE...A Message to the President addressed to the Nigerian Youths at the UNITED NATIONS on Aug 7th 2009
Arabic Inscription or Hausa Verbiage: Between Manipulative Interpretations and Subjective Impulse
The Many Faces of Helen Ukpabio
Nigeria: When is the relieve coming?
The Intrigues of Naming: A Dissectional Response to the ‘Boko Haram’ Butchery
The Intrigues of Naming: A Dissectional Response to the ‘Boko Haram’ Butchery
Curtailing the excesses of Evangelist Helen Ukpabio
Fraud Alert! INTERSWITCH SCAM EMAILS ON THE LOOSE, BEWARE!
Who Is TB Joshua's Mentor?
THE TRIBAL EMANCIPATION OF NDI IGBO FROM NORTHERN DOMINATION; part 3
Tony Patrick a.k.a. TP-Rhymes
Selfless Service
Niger Delta Crisis: Nigeria Loses N6, 264 Trillion!
MOTHER'S DAY: THE MYTH BEHIND THIS DAY!
Withdrawal of Andy Uba's Supreme Court Case
Anambra State Political Issues: This Is My Stand (Part II)
KA SISE LATI LE RE IJOBA ORUN --- OMO IJO MIMO---CELESTIAL CHURCH OF CHRIST
Anambra State Political Issues: This Is My Stand
Dividends Of Unemployment
Mental Colonialism
RE: REBRANDING NIGERIA IMAGE PROJECT; WE ALL MUST SUPPORT AND CONTRIBUTE
TOWARDS A TRIBAL EMANCIPATION OF NDI IGBO FROM NORTHERN DOMINATION-Part 2
Anambra State and The One-Term Governor Syndrome (Part II)
i miss her
sorry baby
Make Quick Money with less Stress
VISION 2020 AND NIGERIA'S ECONOMY, THE WAY FORWARD
Satellite Internet Access
Lamit Company launches a new network solution for improving the internet connection
A-Z of Cyber Fraudsters & Preventive Tips
We dont have ambbasador in China but a foolish goat
GOODNESS IN MAN.
WORDS WRITTEN IN BLOOD
THE LOVE BETWEEN OBJ AND ATIKU
Some Articles deserve not to be published.
Obama: The President With Many Firsts
Our Ambassador in china is very stupid
What can be done about being Nigerian?
TOWARDS A TRIBAL ENMACIPATION OF NDI IGBO FROM NORTHERN DOMINATION- Part 1
Burden Of Proof In Election Petitions
We Know The Way
Their Racism, Our Tribalism
LEGITIMATE AND ILLEGITIMATE WORRY
YOU ARE TIMELESS TO ME.
Why I Want McCain To Win
How Race Colors American Presidential Election
Nigeria, afer the Beijing games.
Do we ever have a Government? Help Nigerians in China out b4 too late.
BIG TROUBLE FOR NIGERIANSIN CHINA
Nigeria@48
Wake-up Nigeria
1ST NIGERIAN GERMAN SECURITY CONFERENCE 2008 ABUJA
BETWEEN PHYSICIANS AND THEIR FATALLY WOUNDED PATIENTS
THE SOCIAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL FUNCTION OF LANGUAGE
FOREIGN NATIONALS USING NIGERIAN PASSPORTS
MODERN MAN AND SCIENTIFIC SOPHISTICATION IN THE THIRD MILLENNIUM
"ONWA ASATO' OR "ILO MUO" FESTIVAL IN NRI
MARITAL TRAGEDIES AMONG NIGERIANS IN DIASPORA (PART I)
war aganist women
HOW OBAMA CAN WIN IN NOVEMBER
TAX EVASSION IN LAGOS?
FATHERHOOD AND FAMILY FROM A GERMAN PERSPECTIVE
MEMO TO NIGERIAN WOMEN/WIVES
RE: ABORTION IS A SACRIFICE TO THE DEVIL.
ELECTION RIGGING BY ANOTHER NAME
MY CELESTINE UKWU'S 'IJE ENU' MEMORIES
WHY I SERVED AND WHY I LEFT THE NIGERIAN ARMY
THE NATURE AND FORMS OF FREE MASONRY: ITS HISTORICAL ORIGIN, FRATERNITY AND THRUST
FATHERHOOD AND FAMILY FROM A LATINO PERSPECTIVE
THE WORLD IN PRESENT
EZINNE CELEBRATION: A CHALLENGE TO THE DIGNITY OF AFRICAN MOTHERHOOD AND FAMILY
LIVING WITH TEENS & YOUTHS
ITS TIME TO BE REAL AND RELEVANT
TOJU ISE RE,OMO IJO MIMO
MUCH ADO ABOUT EXECUTIVE IMMUNITY
RE: MBADINUJU'S TRAVAILS
How Eke, Oye, Afor and Nkwo Market Days Were Introduced In Igboland.
DADDY, I AM YOUR DAUGHTER.
Prepare for Success
It is an insult to call Obama black
Why is it that African leaders are seduced by the sacrosanct monster?
FATHERHOOD AND FAMILY FROM AN ASIAN PERSPECTIVE
Western Architecture versus Tropical Architecture: Why you shouldn't import your house plan from Europe/America
FATHERHOOD FROM AFRICAN PERSPECTIVE
MBADINUJU'S TRAVAILS
SUDANESE PLANE CRASH: A CHALLENGE TO AFRICAN AVIATION INDUSTRIES
Intrigues: The Nigeria Supreme Court and the Rotimi Amaechi's Judgment
IGU ARO NDI IGBO
Invitation to attend Harris Phillips' highly subsidized seminars for June and July 2008
ATTEND FREE SEMINARS TILL THE END OF JUNE!!!
Anambra State: On the Road to Greatness
ANAMBRA STATE: ON THE ROAD TO GREATNESS

ABSENT FATHERS: Its Impact on the Family
PHCN IS KILLING PEOPLE IN BOLORUNPELU TOWN IKOTUN LAGOS NIGERIA
Letter to my friend oversea
Major Bid To Internationalize Nigerian Contemporary Poetry.
YES, NIGERIAN WRITINGS TODAY ARE RUDDERLESS
Professor Tony Afejuku of the Department of English, University of Benin, a poet, critic and an activist, once said in an interview with a Nigerian newspaper (Vanguard), that Nigerian writings today are rudderless.
NIGERIAN PRESIDENT'S CHIEF PUBLICIST DEVISES CREDIBILITY RUBBISHING SCHEME
FATHERHOOD: HISTORICAL, SOCIOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE
The Obasanjo Years of Locust (1999 To 2007) is our Collective Guilt
UPSURGE ON ONLINE PUBLISHING IN NIGERIA
PROFILE AND POETRY OF COMRADE CHIDI ANTHONY OPARA
Niger Delta Conference!!!!
Celestial Church Of Christ
Celestial Church Of Christ
Celestial Church Of Christ
human right
New Energizer on the Block
NOT TOO YOUNG
Andy Uba's Anambra State Governorship Delusions (Part II)
Obama's Historic Speech: A Critical Analysis
Andy Uba's Anambra State Governorship Delusions
Why We Serve In the United States Military
Undeserved end of late Julius Usigbe
Substance Abuse Among Single Mothers (2)
Fatherhood and family
IS THERE A GLOBAL MARKET FOR USED GOODS FROM THE UNITED STATES?
Towrds saving lives and safer roads
Towaards
Whither went the Super Eagles?
Substance Abuse among Single Moms:Toward a psychological and Emotional Approach
Ladies Shoes, Ladies Boots, Cheap Shoes Online
THE GROWING INFLUENCE AND ACTIVITIES
I came, I saw, and I conquered
SHARIA AS AN OPTION IN KANO
Nation
EVERYDAY USHERS IN A REASON FOR US TO BE HOPEFUL.
BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY(Do You Have The Courge To succeed)
TRIBUTE TO CYPRIAN EKWENSI
DWELLING IN THE SECRET PLACE OF THE LORD
ABOUT EJIKE OGBONNAYA
WE NEED THIS KIND OF PERSON IN THIS WORLD
BREAKING NEWS! Kebbi Gubernatorial Election Nullified Says FRCN, Kaduna
THERE IS A BATTLE CALLED LIFE
"Succeeding successfully"
Equal opportunity
Bald Men Need Natural Hair Care Products Too!
How to save your hair and your valuable time removing Fusion, Braids, Weaves, Hair Extensions and Dreadlocks!
Laugh your ribs out. Call this comedian
STOP AUTHORITY STEALING
GROUP PLANS EPIC FILM ON AWO, TWENTY YEARS AFTER HIS DEATH
''PILLAR''OF CORRUPTION!
The great cabals
NFA: Retain Eaglets, Tella
EFCC, the rule of law and the rest of us
LESSONS FROM THE GOLDEN EAGLETS’ SUCCESS IN KOREA 2007
CELESTIAL-TO O WO,KO SI RI PE, RERE NI OLUWA
THE LORD IS CALLING US TO HEAR HIS VOICE,ALL THAT TRUST IN HIM
FG Policy On Cement : Letter To The President
Standardizing Nigerian States' Official Internet Domain Names
love
NO BODY!SHOULD PUT PROF.SOLUDO ON HOLD
NIGERIA GOVERNMENT MUST SHOW NIGERIANS WAY FORWARD
SERAH OGECHI ONYEACHOR DIRECTS HER FIRST MOVIE IN HOLLYWOOD AT THE AGE OF 20
NO JUSTICE FOR THE POOR IN NIGERIA
THE IGBO MARGINAL MAN
Guides for Nigerians in Diaspora when building your house back home.
10 Alternatives to Oil, 10 Keys to National Prosperity 1
New Diaspora Niger Delta Magazine
TWO LAWS IN NIGERIA,THE RICH AND THE POOR!
Where is the Love/
THE PUSUIT OF SUCESS IN AMERICA
Niger Delta Militancy: A poor man's curse
Las Vegas Weather
The lost old sermon of those days.
Knowledge Management
PRESIDENT YAR'ADUA NEEDS TO DEAL-WITH INTRIQUES AND POWER-PLAY
WE NEED A CHANGE IN OUR SOCIETY TO STOP THE TERIFYING PAINS OF OUR FUTURE MOTHERS IN NIGERIA AND ALL OVER AFRICA (''CIRCUMCISION'')
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY GROWTH IN ETHIOPIA
7 ways to choose an effective career
IS ABORTION REALLY MURDER?
EFCC ACTIONS
China/Africa relation, a new hide and seek.
YAR'ADUA NEEDS TO BE CAREFUL OF GENERAL OBASANJO!!
AMEN FOUNDATION CATARACT SURGERIES FOR LAGOS STATE
Housa man and police officer
The godfather’s red eyes
30 days in power
The go-slow president
The cop and the chop
Something to ponder
Never again
I will miss Obasanjo
THE ROOT OF REALITY: IN SUPPORT OF MILITANCY
Ka sowo po, ka sowo po, Pelu ife mimo
King Ogbidi Okojie of Uromi
OBASANJO IS STILL RULING NIGERIA
NIGERIA WILL BE GREAT AGAIN
THE ANATOMY'S SECRET PRINCIPLES OF SUCCESS
Nigeria’s Post 2007 Elections: A Time for Healing Process and National Reconciliation
Majors Offered at Rochville University
Rochville University
Nigeria as Nigerians are the happiest people in the world
19,May 2007.Fear of safety Port Harcourt Nigeria:Bari-arakpalap
Esan Youth Rebirth Movement
Appeal for the Release of Hostages!
Ghana Beckons!
Nigeria Rebirth
NIGERIAN ELECTORAL PROCESS: DIM LIGHT AT THE END OF THE TUNNEL
Nigeria and same sex bills
Nigeria and Choices 2007
Between Babalakin’s Airport Terminal and Duke’s Tinapa
Nigeria’s Drug War: Dora Akunyili – A Champion at home and abroad
They can do much better
the Exodus of Corruption
Purposeful Living /What on ewarh are you here for ?!!
Discussions on Nigeria 1
Success Series 1
yoruba movies
IGBALA DE LONI FUN GBOGBO ENYIN IJO -MIMO
The Rivers of Our Dream: Commentary
Combating Corruption Corruptly: The Nigerian Experience
OMO IJO MIMO (CELESTIAL CHURCH OF CHRIST ) RONUPIWADA
What a shameless people?What a shameless country?
Africa’s Political &Economic liberation
BEYOND THEIR ANTICS
Group swipes at Opponents of Omehia, says he is the right candidat
Omehia's Candidature - A Blessing to PDP... CGG
DRAMATIC IRONIES
home away from home
A TERRIBLE BEAUTY
THE NIGER_DELTA: A CRADLE OF VIOLENCE
MEND vs. POLICE ONSLAUGHT
In Defense Of The Outcast One
Dishonesty in Census: what's The Upper Limit?
IN DEFENCE OF SANGUINARY GODS
The relevance of emotional intelligence in business
Why the nice men hurts everybody
Malleable pornography is a poison to Youth morals
Bringing back life into the family
Preventing violent behaviour in children
DEVELOPING AN APPEALING LOOK
Superior should not count people but count on people
CELESTIAL MEMBERS ARE U READY TO MEET JESUS ----IF SO--THIS IS WHAT IS REQUIRED FOR U CELESTIAL MEMBERS TO DO-LISTEN TO HIM-GOD ALMIGHTY
THE BRUTAL KILLING,TORTURE AND ARREST OF BIAFRAINS
WORD OF THE LORD FOR CELESTIAL MEMBER TO LEARN FROM ABOUT THE LORD
MARGINALISATIO OF IGBO RACE AND THE STRUGGLE FOR THE SOVEREIGN STATE OF BIAFRA.
What If You And Your Friend Love The Same Person?
Tell Your Partner Why You Love Them.
Love - Can You Change Your Partner?
TAIWO AKINKUNMI- AN HERO WITHOUT HONOR
Happy New Year!- Let It Go For 2007...
Desparity against the nigeria woman
Desparity in judgement
Desparity against todays nigeria wo
osa mwen na ramwen
LIFE SAVING INFORMATION
FULFILL YOUR PROMISE
LAGOS NA WA!!!
New Thing in Nkanu land
HEALTH CARE FOR THE POPULACE
Tears Of My People
oba of lagos
Lest We Forget: Lest we forget: Challenging the ‘Heart of Africa’ Project
CELESTIAL CHURCH OF CHRIST-- 0R0 OLUWA KO SI YIN
Gen. Buhari is the best choice for Nigeria in 2008
ANALYTICAL DISCOURSE ON THE NIGERIAN WOMAN
THE EAGLES GATHER FOR IBB
NIGERIA - THE PEOPLE AND THE LEADERS
IJO MIMO-- THE WAY FORWARD-CHRIST IS THE HEAD OF THE CHURCH
GOVERNOR DONALD DUKE: SAINT OR SINNER?
Glory Emeh and RSG Aviation Fraud
WHO CORRUPTED THE PUBLIC SERVICE?
FASCISM: THE EKITI EXAMPLE
THE FESTAC WE ONCE KNEW
Nigeria Triple 'C' Syndrome: Diagnositic Appraisal of our Body Polity
The Value of Friend, they worth more than you realize?
Role Models: Who and Why are you imitating?
Overcoming Shyness
All about Bliss and why it’s not a good Idea
Deregulation of morality
No Visible Alternative Leadership for 2007 - Nigerians in the Diaspora Declares
Politics in High Places: Aberant of the Mainstream
Opportunity Cost of $125 Million PTDF Fund: Forgone Conclusion
Sanctity of Democratic Choice
retrenchment
NIGERIA LEFT
nigerian students' movement
who corrupted the public service
Nigerian Independence Day Celebration in The Hague.
ABC Health Guide for Nigerians Travelling to the U.K
DININE TUNR ARUND
Ghana Beckons!!
thank you ohafia-agba
A day with Adewale Ayuba
Governor Idris has donewell but people still lay complains
War Against Terror - UK Prime Minister, Tony Blair Speaks on Terrorism in Niger Delta
NIGERIANS NEED A KEGITE LEADER AS THE NEXT NIGERIA PRESIDENT – KEGITES MEMBERS DECLARED
SHAME – Nigerian Universities In Shambles
INFERNO IN ASO VILLA
FRIEND' S FAMILY
DECONGESTING THE MIND
FEAR OF SUCCESS
RUMOURS- THE OFFICE VIRUS
PAYING ATTENTION TO THE OTHER SIDE
WHAT IS THE PROBLEM WITH THESE PUBLIC OFFICERS
Introducing LBE HelpDesk
the serenity of the niger delta; a review
commissioner's sack; why hon. Ambaowei must stay
endless tears of niger delta : poems
post-UME screening: matters arising
Bayelsa as an educational brand
Quality E-Books and Softwares with Master Resale Rights
the nigerian girl making waves in the uk for her continent!
Quality E-Books and Softwares with Master Resale Rights
The Future of Immigration in the West
ACHIEVERS ARE DREAMERS
celestial church of christ pillarand the ground of truth--1tim,3-14-15
Adeyinka Makinde, author of Dick Tiger, interviewed on Global Talk Radio
A superlative performance- our heroine on the world stage
A day with Olusesan Ekisola pioneer GM, Raypower
THE KALEIDOSCOPE OF PRINCE TONYE PRINCEWILL
Ma sise lo, ma se wa isimi
COOPERATING WITH COLONIAL COOPERATION.
NA WA FOR YABA MARKET.
Difference between Online Education VS. Traditional Education
Divergent Perspectives on the Niger Delta Question
Black Prime Minister – Not In My Lifetime Declares UK First Black Female Parliamentarian, Diane Abbott
Private Soldier Lectures Nigerian Commander-in-Chief
UK Prime Minister speaks out on terrorism in Africa
Addressing Nigeria's Economic Problems and the Islamist Terrorist Threat
Obasanjo pls we need your attention.
Lets Make Nigeria Great
THE BAD EGGS OF THE NIGERIAN FOOTBALL ASSOCIATION
RE: Obasanjo: Nigerians ‘ll Decide My Successor
we are one in christ-celestial member--LOVE- IS THE WORD AND WORSHIP IS THE WAY;-
THE CYBER INVESTIGATOR PART 1
CHIEF AUDU OGBE IN RETROSPECT
Interview Transcript of appearance on 'Garvey's Children'
Boxing: Rousing the Nigerian Giant
THE APATHY OF FREE MEN AND THE CONSPIRACY OF SILENCE
THE NIGER-DELTA: A CRADLE OF VIOLENCE
Interview Transcript of appearance on 'Just About Books'
Remembering Rex Lawson
THIRD TERM: THE COLOSSAL FAILURE OF A BAD IDEA; AN INVESTIGATION NEEDS TO BE CONDUCTED TO SEE WHO GOT WHAT AND WHY.
THE NEXT GOVERNMENT HAS A FIDUCIARY DUTY TO CONDUCT AND INVESTIGATION INTO EFFORTS TO ABROGATE OUR CONSTITUTION; LET THE CHIP FALL WHEREEVER
discuss the development of fishey in nigeral
Tetuila thrills America
CALL FOR GENDER EQUALITIES!!!
GOD BLESS NNAMANI
Beyond Third Term: The untold story...
EMOTIONS AND LOVE AFFAIRS
cry of help
THE NEW AFRICAN ORDER - The times, they are a-changing
We must Stop the Government
The Iran Question and Nigeria
DISCUSS IN DETAILS THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA FROM THE COLONIAL ERA TO THE PRESENT DAY, POINTING OUT CLEARLY ALL AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMMES.
The worrisome Lagos-Ibadan traffic
Hope for Niger Delta Conference on CURBING YOUTH RESTIVENESS IN THE NIGER DELTA Held on the 29th April 2006 in Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
I want your comments
The Ambush of Ambition
SAY NO TO OBJ THIRD TERM BID
internet secrets to money making
LET UNITE AND WORSHIP THE TRUE GOD TOGETHER MEMBERS OF (C.C.C.)WORLDWIDE
THE NIGERIA POLICE: VICTORS OR VILLAINS
THIRD TERM SYNDROME
THE IMMINENT DEATH OF A NATION
The Messiah illusions of 'scramble democrats'
Beyond elections: Niger Delta in perspective
Ngige, welcome home from great conquest
AFTER THE BATTLE WHAT NEXT
Wake up Nigeria
The Delta
Murder At Dawn
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DISCUSS IN DETAILS THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA FROM THE COLONIAL ERA TO THE PRESENT DAY, POINTING OUT CLEARLY ALL AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMMES.
Author: Nwachukwu Chinweizu .N. aka Flash
Posted to the web: 5/12/2006 8:19:27 PM
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DISCUSS IN DETAILS THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA FROM THE COLONIAL ERA TO THE PRESENT DAY, POINTING OUT CLEARLY ALL AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMMES. The agricultural history of Nigeria is intertwined with its political history. This is discussed broadly in the context of the varying constitutional frame works, viz: Colonial, the Internal Self Government and the Post-1960 periods, according to sectors. Crop Production: The period of the colonial administration in Nigeria, 1861-1960, was punctuated by rather ad hoc attention to agricultural development. During the era, considerable emphasis was placed on research and extension services. The first notable activity of the era was the establishment of a botanical research station in Lagos by Sir Claude Mcdonald in 1893. This was followed by the acquisition of 10.4 kms of land in 1899 by the British Cotton Growing Association (BCGA) for experimental work on cotton and named the experimental area Moor Plantation in lbadan. In 1912, a Department of Agriculture was established in each of the then Southern and Northern Nigeria, but the activities of the Department were virtually suspended between 1913 and 1921 as a result of the First World War and its aftermath. From the early 1920s to the mid 1930s, there was a resurgence of activities and this period has been called the 'Faulkner Strip Layout' era in honour of the Director of Agriculture, Mr. 0.T. Faulkner, who devised a statistical design for experimental trials in green manuring, fertiliser projects, rotational cropping systems and livestock feeding. From the late 1930s to the mid-1940s, there were significant intensification and expansion of research activities, and extension and training programmes of the Agricultural Departments. Additional facilities for training of junior staff in agriculture were provided, as well as scholarships for agricultural students in Yaba Higher College and Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture in Trinidad. The intensification of hostilities during the Second World War (1939-45) led to the slowing down of activities and the call to Departments of Agriculture to play increasing roles in the production of food for the army and civilians in the country and the Empire. Production of export crops like palm products and rubber which could not be obtained from Malaysia as a result of Japanese war activities in South-East Asia, and such food items as sugar, wheat, milk, eggs, vegetables, Irish potatoes and rice whose importation was prevented by naval blockade of the high seas increased. A special production section of the Department of Agriculture was set up to deal with the situation. On the research side, attention was devoted largely to the possibilities of evolving permanent systems of agriculture that were capable of replacing rotational bush-fallowing systems prevalent in the country and realising the promises of mixed farming in the north. During this period, the WAIFOR (West African Institute for Oil Palm Research) in Benin was start ed and the research on cocoa was intensified at Moor Plantation, Owena near Ondo and at Onigambari near lbadan.Achievements of the period include the development of 'Alien Cotton' in the south; rice cultiva- tion in the Sokoto, Niger, llorin, Abeokuta Colony and Ondo provinces; the introduction of wheat cultivation in the more northern parts of the northern provinces; the expansion of production of such export crops as cocoa, oil palm and groundnut; development of agricultural implements as well as designing farm buildings; intensification of horticultural activities; the development of a marketing sec tion of the Department; the extension of the Produce Inspection Service to cover all principal export crops; investigations into the possibilities for organised land settlement schemes; and investigations into the possibilities of irrigation in northern Nigeria. The period of Internal Self Government, 1951 60. began with the reaionalisation of the Departments of Agriculture in 1951, with a Director and an Inspector-General of Agriculture in each region. By October 1954, the post of Inspector General of Agriculture was abolished as a result of constitutional developments which led to independence of the Regional Departments. The Federal Department of Agricultural Research was retained since constitutional provisions placed agricultural research on the concurrent legislative list, while extension work remained a regional responsibility. The research findings of the Federal Research Stations were to be transmitted through Regional ministries responsible for agriculture and natural resources. There was also the setting up, in 1955, of a Technical Committee of the Council of Natural Resources made up of Federal and Regional Ministers and officials for the formulation of nation al research programmes as well as the co-ordination of Federal and Regional research activities. Regionalization of agriculture created a great awareness of the need for intensification of activi ties in both the research and extension fields. This led the Regions to expand, considerably, their research and extension activities in agriculture. The post-1960 was one of extensive planning and regional competition in agriculture. Concentration of attention on commodity exports, the utilisation of taxation policy by the Marketing Boards as an instrument of development finance, and the belief that food production activities could take care of themselves without any governmental intervention, became the official farm policy. Under regional independence, the agricultural history of the nation entered a new phase of modification of traditional practices, in view of the incapacity of food production to meet the needs of the rising population and the inability of producers to reinvest in land. These maladies were worsened by the inability of the then Federal Government to play a leading role in the nation's agricultural modernisation. Before the middle of the 1960s, a Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources was set up, and a phase of consolidation and co-ordina tion of projects for agricultural development began. In 1966, Federal initiative and control of the nation's agriculture were set in motion. This step in the right direction became more manifest with the creation, in 1967, of 12 States and the increased efforts to evolve a co-ordinated perspective for agricultural development in Nigeria. Livestock: Livestock production in Nigeria was dominated by nomadic pastoralism long before the advent of the British Colonial Administration. The immediate interest of the colonial government in livestock was with the health and hygiene of the domesticated cattle. Thus, the Nigerian Veterinary Department was established in 1914 with its head quarters at Zaria. In 1924, a small veterinary laboratory was established in Vom for the production of rinderpest serum. Increased field services raised the demands on the laboratory hence the production of vaccines and other biological products was added to the functions of the laboratory. The recognition of the advantages of Vom as the centre for veterinary research and for vaccine production, coupled with the major emphasis on the health aspects of live stock production, led to the transfer of the head quarters of the Nigerian Veterinary Department from Zaria to Vom.In October 1927, proposals for the establish ment of a Stock Farm were made to the Government. The stated objective was 'to turn out, by purely selective breeding, male stock for use as stud by native stock owners.' It was proposed that three breeds, namely, the White Fulani, Gudali and Shuwa represented by a dairy herd of about 20 heads each be stocked at Shika. By 1934, it was fairly certain that either sweet potatoes or cassava could be fed to the cattle, as sources of energy. At about that time too, it was realized that there is a heavy and growing export of cattle of the hoof from the North, and the intensity of this demand naturally fluctuates with the price of southern produce. Thus with price ruling high for palm oil in the South and low for cotton in the North, a prospective farmer is subjected to variations in his costs and returns. Such variations urged the planners to introduce the 'Mixed Farming Policy.' The policy was typified by the importation of six pullets and one cockerel of the Rhode Island Red breed from England in 1933 to Agege where crops like maize, cassava, yam, oil palm, kola, coffee, pineapple and citrus fruits were already cultivated. The role of educational advancement in agricultural development in Nigeria was given prominence at an earlier stage. The value of an elementary education in the three Regions to farmers was appreciated and it was suggested that the introduction of a new interest into farming, such as the production of livestock in the Southern Provinces of Nigeria, would attract more educated youths into agriculture. A scheme was started in Katsina Province for teaching sons of farmers the best husbandry methods. Instructions were essentially practical in nature and were centred on mixed farming. Similarly, the study of management of livestock was introduced to the lbadan Agricultural School where the Education and Agricultural Departments co operated to train both teachers responsible for the management of school farms and the agricultural assistants for the Department of Agriculture. By 1938, three Conferences of West African Agricultural Officers had been held. Besides, the numerous attempts made between 1924 and 1938 to introduce fodder and browse plants into Nigeria (especially at the Veterinary Station, Vom, the Agricultural Station at Samaru and at the Stock Centre at Shika) were reviewed. The need for concerted effort at pasture and grassland management and improvement was adequately documented and a call for more co-operation between the livestock farmers and the traditional agriculturists was made. This was the beginning of organised efforts towards range management for livestock improvement in Nigeria. In 1940, milk-buying units were established in areas of the Jos Plateau and butter was produced on commercial scale. The production of cheese and bacon was undertaken shortly after and this became intensified during the Second World War. After the War, livestock produce assumed consider able importance, while in 1948 the operations were taken over by the Department of Commerce and Industry. A Veterinary School was established at Vom in the early 1940s to train Nigerians for animal health work. A Livestock Investigation Centre (LIC) was also set up as auxiliary to the school and labo ratory. Later, an Egg Production Unit was created to supply fertile eggs for virus research, vaccine for both the Veterinary and the Medical Departments and Poultry for research work and vaccine testing. The Nigerian Veterinary Department played a very prominent role in the early history of livestock development in Nigeria. Indeed, by the end of the 1939-45 War, the Department had become interna tionally recognised and requests were made by the administration of most of the other West African Territories to the veterinary laboratory in Vom for the supply of vaccines. The serious nature of try panosomiasis (sleeping sickness) in man and ani mals was also of great concern to the Colonial Administration in the West African Territories and the need to control this disease led to the estab lishment in 1947 of a West African Institute for Trypanosomiasis Research (WAITR). A main labo ratory to study the animal was sited in Vom-on the Jos Plateau, an ideal location since the tsetse fly vector was absent in that area. Prior to 1951, the Nigerian Veterinary Depart ment had its headquarters, laboratories and a school in Vom, with field offices in each Region. With the coming of regional governments, the Nigerian Veterinary Department was split into sepa rate regional departments. The Director of Veterinary Services became the Inspector-General of Animal Health Services, while the designation of the regional heads remained the same, except for that of Northern Region which was changed to Director of Veterinary Services. The post of Inspector-General carried executive authority in the regions only in so far as matters connected with hides and skins trade were concerned. In October 1954, with the introduction of a new Constitution, the Regional Departments became completely autonomous. The post of the Inspector-General of Animal Health Services was redesignated as the Director of Veterinary Research, responsible to the Federal Government and with executive authority tor veterinary matters in Lagos. In 1967, when 12 States were created in Nigeria, each state assumed responsibility for veterinary matters, within its boundaries. The initial breeding policy designed to improve livestock in Nigeria concentrated on the locally available breeds of animal. About 1950, there was a modification of this policy, whereby exotic breeds of cattle were introduced to upgrade the local stock. The Western Nigeria Development Corporation (WNDC) established the Upper Ogun Ranch for the commercial production and distribution of cattle. In the Eastern Region, South Devon cattle were intro duced at the Obudu Ranch. Friesian bulls were imported to the farm at Agege in Lagos; the Teaching and Research Farm at the University of lbadan obtained foundation stock of cattle from Shika. Extensive facilities were also established for research in piggery and poultry. The administrative machinery for agricultural development and co-ordination was also modified. Technical committees established for the various aspects of primary production were modified. The Veterinary Technical Committee was replaced by the enlarged National Livestock Development Committee which reported to the National Council for Agriculture and Natural Resources. The Livestock Meat Authority, established to serve the northern states, had recently been empowered to act on a national scale in collating data and con ducting surveys as well as in researching into vari ous aspects of livestock production, slaughter and marketing in Nigeria. Fisheries: The history of fisheries development in Nigeria is a comparatively recent one, although reports have shown that a fishing company operated from the coastal waters of Lagos long before 1915. Deliberate efforts at developing the country's fisheries can be said to date back to the Second World War when, because of the naval blockade of the high seas, the then Colonial Administration decided to develop the country's local resources, including fisheries. A fisheries organization was established in 1941 as a Fisheries Development Branch of the Agricultural Department of the Colonial Office and a Senior Agricultural Officer was appointed to conduct a survey of the industry and its possibilities. The headquarters was sited at Apese village and later at Onikan in Lagos, from where, assisted by a part-time voluntary officer, preliminary experiments in fish culture in brackish water ponds at Onikan were carried out and surveys were conducted on the canoe fisheries of Apese village and Kuramo waters around Victoria Island, Lagos. A small fisheries school was also established at Onikan. Early in 1945, the Fisheries Development branch was temporarily transferred from the Agricultural Department to the Development Branch of the Secretariat. A Fisheries Development Officer was appointed and a Five-Year Plan for Fisheries Development was formulated and incorporated in the Ten-Year Plan of Development and Welfare in Nigeria, laid on the table of the Legislative Council on 13th December, 1945. From this date to 1947, the Branch became a section of the Department of Commerce and Industries with a Principal Fisheries Officer in charge. In addition to the brackishwater fish culture experiments and canoe fisheries sur veys, other activities were initiated. Small motor fishing crafts were acquired for exploratory fishing in the estuaries, lagoons and creeks. It was considered 'that these fisheries should receive priority treatment at this stage in Nigeria over sea fisheries'. This was in spite of the earlier reports on the fishing company which showed that suitable trawl ing grounds existed off Lagos at depths of 18-65m. Other activities undertaken included tests of rice growing in tidal mangrove swamps, where such an activity could be combined with fish farming, and improvements in the social conditions of the wholly fishermen populations of two small villages in Lagos. Between 1948 and 1950, major efforts were made at extending the artisanal fisheries programme to other coastal areas of Nigeria. An active extension service was established to demonstrate the benefits of improved fishing techniques and gear to the coastal canoe fishermen. In addition, trawling surveys were undertaken in the vicinity of Lagos and Cameroon’s and a sub-station was main tained at Opobo for several years before it was closed down due to lack of funds and personnel. A start was also made in fish culture in inland areas by the construction of experimental ponds and the stocking of the then existing ponds and reservoirs. A Fish Farmer was appointed to extend this aspect of production and this culminated in the establish ment in 1951, of a 160ha industrial-scale fish farm at Panyam on the Jos Plateau. By the end of this period, the branch had grown to become the Federal Fisheries Services under the Federal Ministry of Economic Development. Between 1952 and 1957, the bulk of the marine biological research was performed by the West African Fisheries Research Institute (WAFRI) at Freetown, Sierra Leone; a unit was maintained at Birnin Kebbi to conduct research into the fisheries of River Sokoto. In consequence of Nigeria's and Ghana's withdrawal of their support, the WAFRI was disbanded with effect from 31st March 1957; the fisheries research activities of the Federal Fisheries Service were expanded to take care of this function. Under the 1954 Constitution of Nigeria, the fisheries organisation was split between the Federal and Regional Governments. The Federal Fisheries Service of the Federal Ministry of Economic Department was headed by a Director with laboratories and headquarters in Lagos. The Western Region Fisheries Division of the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources was headed by a Principal Fisheries Officer. Its headquarters and offices were at lbadan and a Sea Fisheries Section at Lagos, a Marketing and Distribution Section at Warri, Organisation and Inspectorate at Epe and Fish Culture Section at lbadan and Asaba. The Eastern Region Fisheries Division of the Ministry of Agriculture was under the charge of a Principal Fisheries Officer and the headquarters at Aba and an outstation at Opobo. The Fisheries Section of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Northern Region was under the charge of a Senior Fisheries Officer while the headquarters was located first at Baga and later at Malarnfatori, Lake Chad. In addition, the Northern Region Fish Farm at Panyam was placed under the administration of the Region's Ministry of Trade and Industry, and was under the charge of a resident Fish Farmer. The Federal Fisheries Service had the constitu tional responsibility for fisheries development and research in the Lagos Federal Territory and research in any other part of the country where the Regional Government invited it to carry out any specific research activity. In practice, however, the Western Region Sea Fisheries Section in Lagos, sited in the same compound as the Federal Fisheries Service, catered for all fishermen what ever their origin and whether they actually lived in Western Region Territory or in the Federal Territory. So the Federal Fisheries Service left all Lagos fisheries development work to the Western Region fisheries Division. It concerned itself, instead, with the development of the modern fishing vessels (trawlers) including their licensing; the planning of a fishing terminal for Lagos; and also with research. The Regions never requested Federal assistance towards research. They either tried to conduct research themselves or asked for international multilateral (FAO/UNDP) or bilateral (USAID) help. Thus, the Federal Fisheries Service had to, on its own initiative, identify regional research needs and carry out what studies it felt were needed. On such initiatives, the Malarnfatori station was established on the Lake Chad; the Brackish water fish-farming project was developed at Buguma; and studies were initiated at the Kainji Dam site. The period 1956-66 witnessed great expansion in Nigeria's fishing activities. In the coastal trawler fleet, from a single registered trawler in 1956, the fleet was built up, by 1960, to 13 while the total fish catch increased ten-fold during the period. This level of production was sustained up to 1963 but catches fell in 1964-66, following heavier exploitation of the Lagos fishing grounds. By this period, however, commercial quantities of prawns had been discovered in the eastern parts of the country and many of the vessels converted to prawn fishing, thus reducing the pressure on the fish stock. By1970, the fishstock had fully recovered and the expansion of inshore fishing activities was becom ing so rapid that plans were then made to regulate fishing in order to conserve the rather limited resources. The period also saw a considerable increase in the artisanal fisheries. This has been attributed to the concentration of fishing activities close to the rich grounds; higher money returns for efforts; general improvement in processing, storage and distribution methods; improvement in the type of fishing craft used and, especially, to the higher gear efficiency due to a complete changeover to synthetic fibre. The general result was that the con tribution of fisheries to the country's QDP quadru pled between 1960 and 1970. Fisheries Service left all Lagos fisheries development work to the Western Region fisheries Division. It concerned itself, instead, with the development of the modern fishing vessels (trawlers) including their licensing; the planning of a fishing terminal for Lagos; and also with research. The Regions never requested Federal assistance towards research. They either tried to conduct research themselves or asked for international multilateral (FAO/UNDP) or bilateral (USAID) help. Thus, the Federal Fisheries Service had to, on its own initiative, identify regional research needs and carry out what studies it felt were needed. On such initiatives, the Malarnfatori station was established on the Lake Chad; the Brackishwater fish-farming project was developed at Buguma; and studies were initiated at the Kainji Dam site. The period 1956-66 witnessed great expansion in Nigeria's fishing activities. In the coastal trawler fleet, from a single registered trawler in 1956, the fleet was built up, by 1960, to 13 while the total fish catch increased ten-fold during the period. This level of production was sustained up to 1963 but catches fell in 1964-66, following heavier exploitation of the Lagos fishing grounds. By this period, however, commercial quantities of prawns had been discovered in the eastern parts of the country and many of the vessels converted to prawn fishing, thus reducing the pressure on the fish stock. By1970, the fishstock had fully recovered and the expansion of inshore fishing activities was becom ing so rapid that plans were then made to regulate fishing in order to conserve the rather limited resources. The period also saw a considerable increase in the artisanal fisheries. This has been attributed to the concentration of fishing activities close to the rich grounds; higher money returns for efforts; general improvement in processing, storage and distribution methods; improvement in the type of fishing craft used and, especially, to the higher gear efficiency due to a complete changeover to synthetic fibre. The general result was that the contribution of fisheries to the country's QDP quadrupled between 1960 and 1970. Agricultural Development Since IndependenceThe 1962-1968 development plan was Nigeria's first national plan. Among several objectives, it emphasized the introduction of more modern agricultural methods through farm settlements, co-operative (nucleus) plantations, supply of improved farm implements (e.g. hydraulic hand presses for oil palm processing) and a greatly expanded agricultural extension service. Some of the specialized development schemes initiated or implemented during this period included: (l) Farm Settlement Schemes; and (ii) National Accelerated Food Production Programme (NAFPP), launched in 1972. There were also a number of agricultural development intervention experiments, notably (i) Operation Feed the Nation, launched in 1976; (ii) River Basin and Rural Development Authorities, established in 1976; (vii) Green Revolution Programme, inaugurated in 1980; and (viii) The World Bank-funded Agricultural Development Projects. While each of the above programmes sought to improve food production, the ADPs represented the first major practical demonstration of the integrated approach to agricultural development in Nigeria. The experiment which started with World Bank funding, with projects at Funtua (1974), Gusau (1974) and Gombe (1974), blossomed into Ayangba (1977), Lafia (1977), Bida (1979), llorin (1980), Ekiti-Akoko (1981) and Oyo-North (1982) agricultural development projects. Following successful negotiations for multi-state agricultural development projects with the World Bank, each state of the country, and the federal capital, Abuja, now has one ADP.The years since the early 1960s have also witnessed the establishment of several agricultural research institutes and their extension research liaison services. Some of the major institutions are: (i) Agricultural Extension and Research stock production and fisheries production in Nigeria Liaison Service (AERLS) at the Ahmadu in recent years, is presented in the next two chap Bello University, Zaria, established in 1963; (ii) The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), at lbadan and; (iii) International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA)I'm dedicating this 'Article' to all Students of Agricultural Science, especially 'Agricultural Science Student Association' (AGSSA) of Alvan Ikoku College Of Education, Owerri, Imo State.'Long Live Agriculture! Long Live Nigeria!!'.

 




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